Words starting with ” s ” for SAT, GRE, GMAT, CAT skmclasses Bangalore

saber rattling – a show or threat of military power, esp. as used by a nation to impose its policies on other countries [often used with the implication that the threat is mere bluff and bluster]

Short Story describing the meaning of the word ” Saber Rattling ” is at


sabkha – a flat depression that regularly floods and evaporates, leaving layers of clays and salts

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Sabkha is at


sabot attachment to guide projectile through bore of firearm

sabot – a wooden shoe (of the sort associated with the Dutch), made from a piece of wood shaped and hollowed out to fit the foot. clog

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Sabot is at


Sabotage – destruction of property to interfere with another’s normal operations; more broadly, deliberate subversion [akin to sabot]

Saccade – a brief, rapid eye-movement from one position of rest to another, either voluntary (as in reading) or involuntary (OED adds: sudden, violent check of a horse, by drawing the reins suddenly; or, more generally, any “jerk or jerky movement” – whether “horsy” or not. Sharp lateral movement of the eye as it changes fixation

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Saccade is at


Sacheverell (etymology) – a chamber-pot

Sad sack – eponym: an inept person; esp. an inept soldier

Short Story describing the meaning of the word ” Sad sack ” is at


safe harbor – law: a legal provision that affords clear protection for specific conduct, where standards might otherwise be unclear

sagacity – the quality of being discerning, sound in judgment, and farsighted; wisdom

Sapience wisdom sagacity

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Sagacity is at

Sagittarian – archer-like

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Sagittarian is at


sailplane – see glider

Salacious – appealing to or sexual desire; also, lustful; bawdy. Indecently erotic; lecherous

salacious appealing to or sexual desire lustful bawdy

Salamandrine –

Salamandrine woman disturbs and bites like a Salamander salamandrine


Salariat – the class or body of salaried persons usually as distinguished from wage earners. [presumably a take-off on proletariat]

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Salariat is at


salchow – figure-skating jump (contrast axel, lutz): skate backward on left foot inside edge (thus again curving left); jump and spin

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Salchow is at


saliant; salient – heraldry: leaping, springing. See rampant, dormant, guardant for other heraldic terms.

Sally Lunn – eponym: a slightly sweetened tea cake

Short Story describing the meaning of the word ” Sally Lunn ” is at


salmagundi – 1. a miscellaneous collection or mixture 2. original sense: a dish of chopped meat, anchovies, eggs, onions with oil and condiments

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Salmagundi is at


salmonella – eponym: type of bacteria, often toxic


24 favourable blog skmclasses Bangalore

salubrious – health-giving; healthy

Salubrious health-giving healthy

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Salubrious is at


salutary – causing an improvement; also, favorable to health

salver – a tray, usually silver, for formal serving of food or drink

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Salver is at


samaritan – one ready and generous in helping those in distress

sambo – offspring of a black and a mulatto; see mulatto

samizdat – an underground press (computer jargon – any unofficial promulgation of textual material, esp. computer documentation that is rare, obsolete, or never formally published)

samphire – a certain plant, growing on rocks by the sea, whose leaves are used in pickles

Samson – eponym: a man of great physical strength

sandhi – a change of pronunciation of a morpheme, based upon the one following. (E.g., in ‘don’t we’ the t is pronounced, but in ‘don’t you’ it shifts, becoming doan chew.)

sandhill perch – mythical fish that swims backwards through dry desert streams, to protect its eyes from dust. compare goofusbird, goofang <wink>

sandwich – eponym: two pieces of bread with a filling between them. (verb: sandwich between: to insert between two people or things)

sangfroid – self-possession or imperturbability, esp. under strain

sanguine – 1. cheerfully confident 2. blood-red, or of a healthy ruddy color: a sanguine complexion

sans culotte – 1. a lower-class Parisian republican in the French Revolution 2. an extreme republican or revolutionary

sansei – see issei

sapfu – see snafu

sapid – (chiefly N. Amer.) 1. flavorsome 2. pleasant or interesting

sapience – wisdom; sagacity discretionary judgement

Sapience wisdom sagacity


saponaceous – soapy; soaplike

sapphism – eponym: female homosexuality; lesbianism; adj. sapphic, sapphistical. (from Sappho, lyric poetess of isle of Lesbos c.600 B.C.E., whose erotic/romantic verse embraced women as well as men.)

sarcasm – etymology: from Greek meaning “to tear off flesh”

Sardanapalian – eponym: luxuriously effeminate

Sardonic – toponym: disdainfully humorous; scornful and mocking

Sardonic disdainfully humourous scornful mocking


Sardoodledom – eponym: clever but trivial or immoral plays

Sassenach – Scottish & Irish; derogatory: an English person (adj. English

sastruga – (plural sastrugi) a long wavelike ridge of snow, formed by the wind, found on the polar plains

satrap – a subordinate official; implies one given to tyranny or of ostentatious display [also: a provincial governor in ancient Persia]

saturnine – 1. bitter or scornful; 2. melancholy; sullen; showing a brooding ill humor

satyriasis – excessive, desire in and behavior by a man (flip side of “nymphomania”)

saucy – lightly pert and exuberant; also, improperly forward or bold

saudade (Portuguese) – roughly, “sorrowful longing”; can have the sense of homesickness, yearning for someone, fond remembrance, melancholy and fond

memories of gone-by days, lost love, and a general feeling of unhappiness

saurian – like a lizard

Lacertilian woman Lizard Saurian

Lizard – Lacertilian, Saurian

Saurian woman Lizard lacertilian

savoir faire – a polished sureness in social behavior

Savoir faire a polished sureness in social behavior


Savvy – practical knowledge of something; being shrewd (adj: having savvy)

Antonym of Savvy is Clumsy …..

Savvy practical knowledge of something being shrewd

scacchic – pertaining to the game of chess

scalawag – a scamp, rascal, or rogue; an amusingly mischievous child

Scalawag a scamp rascal or rogue an amusingly mischievous child

scapegoat – one made to bear the blame for others (verb: to make someone a scapegoat)

scapegrace – an incorrigible scamp; a rascal. (Often with the semi-complimentary sense of “a likeable rascal”.)

scarab – a large dung beetle, sacred in ancient Egypt; also, an ancient Egyptian gem in the form of a scarab beetle

scaramouche; scaramouch – eponym: a cowardly buffoon

scenario – an outline or model of an expected or supposed sequence of events

schadenfreude – a malicious satisfaction in the misfortunes of others. [from Ger. schaden damage + freude joy. Often capitalized, as it is in German]

schist – certain rocks easily split into flat parallel layers

schlemiel – a foolish simpleton, a hard-luck victim type, a born loser

schlep – slang: to carry with difficulty; to lug

Schlimazel – a chronically unlucky person, for whom nothing seems to turn out well; a born “loser”. [rhymes with “thin nozzle”.]

schlimazel a chronically unlucky woman

Schlimmbesserung – German: a so-called improvement that makes things worse

schmaltz – informal 1. maudlin sentimentality. 2. liquid fat, especially chicken fat

schmendrick – a Caspar Milquetoast; a kind of schlemiel – but weak and thin

schmo – 1. a boob, a schlemiel; a hapless, clumsy, unlucky jerk 2. an average nobody, a man-in the street; “Joe Shmo” is a more colorful way to say “John Doe.”

schnook – a timid schlemiel, a meek patsy; also: a Sad Sack, more to be pitied than despised

schoenobatist – a tight-rope walker

schooner – a large beer glass, generally holding a pint or more

schroedinbug – eponym: computer programming (software): a bug that doesn’t manifest until someone reading code or using it in an unusual way notices that

it never should have worked, at which point the program promptly stops working for everybody until fixed.

Schuhplattler – a lively Bavarian and Austrian folk-dance, with slapping of the thighs and heels

sciamachy – see skiamachy

sciolto – loose

sciomancy – divination by shadows [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

sciurine – squirrel-like

sclera – the white of the eyeball

scofflaw – coinage: a contemptuous violator of laws, esp. of laws deemed silly or trivial

scolecology – a treatise on worms

Scotch egg – hard-boiled egg, wrapped in sausage, breaded, and then deep-fried

Scotch mist – mist and drizzle (named after the common weather in Scotland) [one of the few cases where “Scotch” is used in preference to “Scottish”. Also

Scotch whiskey, Scotch egg, Scotch woodcock.]

Scotch woodcock – scrambled eggs on toast, with anchovies

scotoma – a blind spot in the field of vision. (a medical term, but with potential figurative use; see here)

scrabble – 1. to proceed by clawing with the hands and feet; to scramble 2. to grope about frenetically with the hands 3. to grapple or struggle [among

other meanings]

screwball – whimsically eccentric (noun: such a person) [from an oddly-behaving pitch in baseball]

scrip – doctor’s order for prescription or for testing (heard regionally. Perhaps from scrip: 1. a written certificate, list, etc. 2. a small scrap, esp.

of paper with writing on it.)

scriptophily – the collecting by hobbyists of old stock certificates and bonds of defunct companies, that have no intrinsic value other than their

aesthetic appeal or relative rarity

scrofula – a tuberculosis affecting the lymph nodes, esp. of the neck. Common in children; usually spread by unpasteurized milk from infected cows. (from

Latin scrofa “breeding sow.” )

Scrooge – eponym: a mean-spirited miserly person; a skinflint

scrophulariaceous – pertaining to the figwort family of plants: veronica, foxglove, snapdragon, etc.

scruff – the back of a person’s or animal’s neck; the nape

scrutineer – one who examines something closely and thoroughly. (Brit: one who takes or counts votes)

scud [verb] – to move fast in a straight line because or as if driven by the wind (noun, literary: clouds or spray driven fast by the wind)

scuffle – an unceremonious and disorganized struggle. verb: to so fight at close quarters

scullion household servant of the lowest rank 1

scullion – a household servant of the lowest rank; hence, a person of the lowest order. mean; contemptible person

scullion household servant of the lowest rank 2


scurf – dandruff (or other skin-flakes formed as fresh skin develops below)

scut – a stubby erect tail, as on a hare, rabbit, or deer

scutch – to separate the valuable fibers from the woody parts (of flax, for example), by beating

Scylla – see Scylla and Charybdis

Scylla and Charybdis – eponym: between Scylla and Charybdis: in a position where avoidance of one danger exposes one to another danger ( from Homer’s Odyssey)

scytale – a cylinder for writing in cipher. One writes on strip of paper wrapped around the scytale, then unwraps the strip; the writing is read by one having a scytale of the same diameter

secular – concerning a long period of time, esp. long-term change

sedulous – showing dedication and diligence. (noun: sedulity)

see wood – publishing: to see a book before the release date; premature circulation

seel – to stitch shut the eyes of a falcon

seidel – a beer mug

seif dune – a sharp-crested sand dune with curved edges, often several miles long

selbstgespräche führen – talking to oneself (lit. “to lead self-conversations”)

self-consequence – self-importance; an exaggerated estimate of one’s own importance

sell-through – percentage of wholesale purchases resold to consumers

semelfactive – of a verb: expressing the sudden and single occurrence of an action, e.g. cough; sneeze; glimpse; flash; tap

semese – half-eaten

semidemiquaver – see quaver

semimonthly – semimonthly and semiweekly mean ‘twice a month/week’. For ‘every two months/weeks’, bimonthly and biweekly should be used.

semiotics – the study of signs and symbols

semiweekly – see semimonthly

semordnilap – a word that spells a different word when reversed; e.g., desserts <> stressed, or a similarly reversible phrase or sentence. (Note: ‘

semordnilap’ is ‘palindromes’ spelled backwards.)

sempiternal – enduring forever; eternal

senectitude (also here) – old age; elderliness from the same root as senile and senior]

Senescent growing old aging decaying with the lapse of time 2

senescent – growing old; aging; decaying with the lapse of time

Senescent growing old aging decaying with the lapse of time 1


sennight – seven days and nights (half a fortnight)

sensei – ‘teacher’ in Japanese; a term of respect

sententious – characterized by maxims or pointed sayings – but often in the bad sense of ‘addicted to pompous moralizing’

separatrix – the / sign. (for synonyms, see virgule)

sequoia – eponym: a huge species of coniferous tree, that can reach more than 300 feet tall

sérac; serac – a pinnacle or sharp ridge of ice, among the crevasses of a glacier [Fr. sérac, a kind of white cheese]

serendipity – the knack of making happy and unexpected discoveries by accident. Also, such a discovery.

serge – a woolen twill

serigraphy – silk-screening: ink forced through silk mesh, parts of which have been impermeably coated

serpentine – like a serpent

Serpentine Woman A naughty woman who disturbs and bites like a Reptile Reptilian Serpentine


servile – meanly submissive; slavish; cringing; fawning

sesamoid – the small bones that develop in the capsule of a joint [cognate to “sesame seed”]

sesquipedalian – adj. 1. very long (of a word) 2. using very long words. noun: a very long word [literally, a foot and a half]

se-tenant – group of stamps differing in color or design, but printed next to each other on the same sheet

sexile – to banish one’s roommate from the dorm room, so that one have privacy there for sex with one’s partner

shabti (or ushabti) – a figurine placed in an ancient Egyptian tomb to be a substitute for the deceased in any work he might be called upon to do in the


shagreen – an Eastern untanned leather with many small round protuberances, especially dyed green (also, shark-skin)

shallowpated – shallow-brained

shallow-water wave – a wave whose depth is a very small, in comparison to its wavelength

shambles – (interesting etymology; see Archives)

shambolic – chiefly British slang: disorderly or chaotic

shanachie (Irish?/Scottish?) – a person fond of telling the old tales and legends of the country

shandygaff or shandy – a drink made of beer or ale mixed with ginger beer, ginger ale, or lemonade

shanghai – to forcibly carry off, into servitude, a convenient victim. Figuratively: to entrap or commandeer someone into a job

Shangri-La – toponym: 1. an imagined paradise on earth 2. a distant hideaway, secluded, peaceful and beautiful

shatterpated – disordered or wandering in intellect

shell¹ – a small glass for beer

shell² – the most spectacular of fireworks comprising a lifting charge (to propel the shell into the air) and a bursting charge to eject stars or

subassemblies in the air after a predetermined delay

sheltron; shiltron – a usually-circular formation of infantry, armed with very long lances, designed to thwart a cavalry charge

shepardize – eponym: to update a legal citation by finding later cases that cite that same citation

sheqel – Israeli currency: 100 agorot = 1 sheqel

sherbet, sherbert – Australian: an alcoholic beverage, esp. beer

Shermanesque (not in on-line dictionaries) – eponym: 1. of an absolute, unequivocal refusal to run for office 2. brutally thorough (of a conquest)

sherry – toponym a certain type of wine (named from the place where it was originally produced)

shibboleth – 1. a custom or practice that betrays one as an outsider 2. a word or phrase that marks a particular group; a catchword

shikari – a big-game hunter, or a guide for one

shikse; shikseh – Yiddish, disparaging: a non-jewish woman or girl

shillelagh – an Irish cudgel

shiltron – see sheltron

shire – a district roughly equivalent to a county

Shirley Temple (or ‘Shirley Temple cocktail’) – eponym: a nonalcoholic drink, for children who want to have a “cocktail” with the adults

shirty – Chiefly British: ill-tempered; angry: “He saw how shirty she was about it” (P.G. Wodehouse).
AHD’s etymology, a remarkable display of either innocence or prissiness, claims this is derived from “shirt”, as in keep one’s shirt on. I’d instead

suggest that the “r” is “shirty” is epenthetic.

shive – a broad bung hammered into a hole in the top of a cask

shlepper – a drag, a drip, a jerk, a maladroit performer; also, someone unkempt, untidy, run-down-at-the-heels

shmatte – Yiddish: a ragged garment (literally “rag”)

Shoah – the Holocaust of World War II

shoat – a young pig (just after weaning)

shoddy – badly made or done; also, vulgar and pretentious; also, amoral, sordid

shoo-in – a certain winner; one sure to succeed

short shrift – rapid and unsympathetic dismissal; curt treatment

short-short – an extremely brief short-story

shot-clog – the companion tolerated because he pays for the drinks

shower of shit, goes like a – Australian slang: really fast or impressive

shufti – UK; old-fashioned informal: a look, as: May I have a shufti at your paper?

shunamitism – rejuvenation of an old man by a young woman

shylock – eponym: offensive: a ruthless moneylender; a loan shark. verb: to lend money at exorbitant interest rates

shyster – eponym: an unscrupulous lawyer [tautological?]

sialagogue – something that promotes flow of saliva

sibyl – eponym: a female prophet

sic – Latin for ‘so’ or ‘thus’. Inserting [sic], into a quotation that has an error in it, indicates that the quoted material is being reproduced

accurately, and that the error is in the words quoted rather than in mis-quotation.

sick puppy – orig. and chiefly U.S. 1. colloq.: a very ill person 2. slang: an abnormal, deviant, or deranged person

sierra – a range of mountains having an irregular or jagged profile

sight rhyme – see eye rhyme

sigmatism – defective pronunciation of s-sounds, sibilant sounds; intentional repetition of words with sibilant speech sounds, as in She sells sea-shells

silhouette – eponym: a profile or shadow-outline of the human figure, filled in of a dark color

silver-tongued (also here) – with the power of fluent and persuasive speech; eloquent

simoleon – slang, old-fashioned: a dollar

Simon Legree – eponym: a brutal taskmaster

simony – eponym: the buying or selling of a church office, privilege or service; for example, accepting a fee for performing a baptism

simper – to smile in a silly, self-conscious, often coy manner

sinciput – the forehead (also, the upper half of the skull)

sine qua non – an indispensable condition

singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes1

singerie – a painting showing monkeys in human clothes, engaged in human activities

singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes2 singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes3

singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes4 singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes5

singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes6 singerie a painting showing monkeys in human clothes7

single-varietal – beer made using just one variety of hop

SIP (knitting) – Sock In Progress

siren – eponym: a dangerously fascinating woman. Usually used in the phrase siren song – an enticing plea or appeal, esp. one that is deceptively

alluring. (after women in Homer’s Odyssey, whose beautiful singing tempted sailors to sail toward them into dangerous, fatal waters.)

siriasis – sunstroke; sudden prostration from exposure to the sun or excessive heat. also, a sunbath

sise – the number 6 on dice

sistrum – an ancient percussion instrument (still used in Nubia) of metal rods or loops attached to a metal frame.

Sisyphean – eponym: endlessly laborious or futile

Sitzfleisch – the ability to endure or persist in some activity [Characteristically German?]

skean-dhu; sgian-dhu – a small black-hilted dagger tucked into the top of a man’s knee sock in Scottish Highland dress

skedaddle – to leave hastily; scram

skein – a flight of wild fowl

skep – an old-style beehive: dome-shaped, and made of straw or wicker

skerrick – Aus. informal: the smallest bit

skerry [pronounced like scary] – a rugged isolated sea-rock; a reef

skiagraphy – telling time by sundial

skiamachy (or sciamachy; sciomachy) – [The meanings in dictionaries and in actual usage are somewhat varied. E.g.:]
1. sham fighting; a mock contest
2. futile combat; “tilting at windmills”
3. futile “argument” caused by misunderstanding of terms used
4. contentiousness; “argument for the sake of argument”, at least on one side

skibob – a vehicle for gliding downhill over snow. Resembles a bicycle on skis

skid row – a squalid city district, inhabited by derelicts, alcoholics. addicts and the homeless

skidoo (or 23 skidoo) – scram; leave quickly

skijoring – a sport in which cross-country skier is pulled (as by a horse, sled-dog or vehicle)

skreighing– Utter a harsh abrupt scream

slam dunk – fig. a sure thing, a certainty; also adj. (verb: to defeat decisively)

slant; slash – the / sign. (for synonyms, see virgule)

slippery slope – a dangerous and irreversible course: the slippery slope from narcotics to prison. [ I do not think this definition is entirely accurate, but can find no better.]

slipstream – the airflow driven backward by an airplane’s propeller or jet (auto- and bicycle-racing: an area of reduced pressure produced by a fast-moving vehicle as it moves through air, thus reducing the resistance for the vehicle in back)

slough of despond – a state of extreme depression [From John Bunyan’s allegory, Pilgrim’s Progress]

slough – [rhymes with ‘bough’ or, in the US, with ‘glue’] 1. a swamp or mire 2. a situation of lack of progress or activity

slough – [rhymes with ‘rough’] to cast off or shed skin or other outer layer; the item so shed [also fig.]

slough (rhymes with “glue”) – a depression filled with deep mud or mire; a stagnant swamp; also, a state of deep despair or moral degradation

slub – the greenish-black algal growth on wave- or tide-washed wharf pilings

slub – to extend fibers and twist after carding (noun: a slight irregularity in yarn, from knotting or twisting, or including uneven lengths of fiber in spinning)

slubberdegullion – a slobbering or dirty fellow; a worthless sloven

sluggard – a lazy, sluggish person

smalt – deep blue

smaragdine – of or pertaining to emerald; resembling emerald; of an emerald green

smarmy – unpleasantly and excessively suave, ingratiating or earnest

smellfeast – an uninvited dinner guest; a parasite; a greedy sponger [once a very common word]

smelt – 1. to extract metals from ore, by heating; to refine 2. (British form of) past tense and past participle of ‘smell’ 3. a small silvery fish (see

separate entry)

smelt – a small silvery food-fish (another meaning, as a verb: ‘to melt or fuse ores’)

smorgasbord – 1. a buffet meal featuring a variety of dishes. 2. a varied collection

snafu – slang: a chaotic or confused situation [Situation Normal: All FCked Up]. Similarly tarfu – Things Are Really Fcked Up; (ta)fumtu – (Things are)

FU More Than Usual; fubar – FU Beyond All Recognition; janfu – Joint Army-Navy FU; susfu – Situation Unchanged: Still FU; fubb – FU Beyond Belief; sapfu – Surpassing All Previous FU’s; fujigmo – F-You, Jack; I Got My Orders

sneeze guard – the clear plastic or glass shield over salad bars, etc.

sniglet – a humorous coined “word that doesn’t appear in the dictionary, but should”

snooker – a kind of billiards (or pool); popular in the UK. to snooker – to place in a bad position, with no obvious way out (implies tricking one into that situation); also, o fool; dupe

soapbox – verb; informal: to make an impromptu or unofficial public speech, often flamboyantly (noun: a temporary platform used while making that speech).

But most often used in the idiom on (one’s) soapbox – speaking one’s views passionately or self-importantly.

Soapy Sam – eponym: disparaging nickname for any unctuous, oily person [not in dictionaries]

sobriquet; soubriquet [accent on 1st syllable] – 1. an affectionate nickname 2. an assumed name

sockdolager – a decisive, finishing blow

Socratic – eponym: see maieutic

sodality – brotherhood; community; a fellowship

Sodom – toponym: a place noted for extreme vice and corruption

soft day – Irish euphemism: a rainy day

soft money – political donations made in such a way as to avoid federal regulations or limits, as by donating to a party organization rather than to a particular candidate or campaign

soi-disant (swah-dee-ZAHN) – self-styled (one major dictionary erroneously adds “so-called” in its definition)

solander – eponym: a protective box shaped like a book, to hold botanical specimens, maps, etc.

solecism – 1. a word blunder 2. a social blunder (not to be confused with solipsism)

solfatara – a volcanic area that gives off sulfurous gases and steam

solferino – toponym: a bright crimson dye; its color

solidus – the / sign. (for synonyms, see virgule)

soliloquize – to utter a soliloquy; to talk to one’s self. synonym monologuize

soliloquy – a speech of one’s thoughts when alone, or regardless of hearers, especially in a play

solipsism – the view that the self is all that exists (not to be confused with solecism)

solipsistic – of the view that the self is the only reality, or the only thing knowable

Solomon – eponym: a very wise person. [  I’d say this term often has the implication of “thinking outside the box,” finding a novel, creative solution. See next entry.]

Solomonic – eponym: having great wisdom or discretion in making difficult decisions; esp. by crafting compromise or by creatively “thinking outside the box”

solon – eponym: a wise lawgiver or legislator [often sarcastic]

somber – dark; gloomy; or fig.: melancholy; dismal (also, serious; grave)

sombrero – a broad-brimmed hat, of felt or straw, typically worn in Mexico and the south-western US

somnolent – sleepy; drowsy. also: somnolent – inducing drowsiness

sonnet – a verse-form of 14 lines with one of various permissible rhyme schemes.
(Note: I believe each line must be in iambic pentameter [5 metric feet], but cannot confirm this.)

sonorous – with a full, deep, or rich sound

sook – Australian slang: a ‘cry-baby’

sophism – a specious but fallacious argument, used either deliberately to deceive or mislead, or to display ingenuity in reasoning (contrast paralogism)

sophister – a sophist [also, oddly, a 2nd or 3rd year student at Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Dartmouth; a 3rd or 4th year student at Trinity College, Dublin]

sophisticate (verb) – to adulterate commodities with some foreign or inferior substance; thus, to similarly corrupt a document, a person, etc., making it less genuine or honest

sophomania – unrealistic belief in one’s own intelligence; delusion of super-intelligence.

sophomore (oxymoron) – a student in the second year of college (or of a 4-year secondary school)

sophomoric – conceited and overconfident, but exhibiting great immaturity and lack of judgment

soporific – 1. drowsy 2. inducing drowsiness or sleep (noun: a drug or other thing that makes one drowsy)

sordine – a damper or mute for musical instruments, esp. the cone-shaped mute for a trumpet

sorel – a male fallow deer in its third year

sorites – a chain of enthymeme [enthymeme – a “truncated syllogism” where one premises is left implicit, rather than stated explicitly]

sororal – like or befitting a sister; “sisterly kindness”; “sororal concern”. (the feminine counterpart of fraternal’)

sortie – 1. an attack by troops breaking out of a defensive position; also, a flight by a military aircraft 2. an incursion into new territory

sottise – a silly remark or saying; a foolish action

sottisier – a collection of sottises, esp. a list of written stupidities

sotto voce – in soft tones, so as not to be overheard

soubrette theater – 1. the role of a saucy, coquettish maidservant or like subordinate (also, the actress in that role) 2. a woman of the stage who, in

real life, is that sort of flirty person

sough – [pronounced SOW or SUF] noun or verb: a soft murmuring, rustling or sighing, as of the wind or a gentle surf

soupcon; soupçon – a very small quantity

sousaphone – eponym: a large brass wind instrument, much like a tuba but shaped so that weight will rest on a shoulder and it can be more easily carried in a marching band

spaewife – female fortune teller

spalpeen – Irish dialect: rascal; scamp

sparge – a sprinkle (verb: 1. to spray or sprinkle 2. to introduce air or gas into [a liquid]). beermaking: to spray malted barley with water to dissolve out the malt ready for fermentation

spatalamancy – divination by skins, bones, &c [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

spathe – a leaflike bract enclosing a flower cluster or spadix, as in the jack-in-the-pulpit and the calla

spathic – (geology; mineralogy) dividing well; having good cleavage (could be applied to women?)

spavined – old and decrepit; over-the-hill

specific performance – law: the remedy of having a contract enforced in accordance with its terms

speed camera – camera sited on the side of the road and takes pictures of passing cars. It uses radar to gauge their speed and if any are exceeding the speed limit their drivers get a ticket in the post

spell – verb: to carry a burden on one’s shoulders, usually halting from time to time for a rest. noun: (a) a short distance, especially that between the resting places of a man with a heavy burden on his back. (b) the burden itself

spelt – an ancient and hardy wheat, grown mostly in Europe

spencer – eponym: a type of short double-breasted overcoat for men; a type of women’s jacket

spendthrift – one who spends money recklessly or wastefully

Spenglerian – eponym: relating to the views of Oswald Spengler, who held that all major cultures undergo similar cycles from birth to maturity to decay

spermologist – one who gathers seeds

sphallolalia – flirtatious talk that does not lead to amorous action

sphragistics – the scientific study of seals and signet rings

spick and span – neat, trim, and smart, as if quite new

spile – a small wooden bung (peg) to plug a cask’s hole or to regulate the flow [also, the same for the hole in a tree tapped for sap]

spindrift – windblown sea spray. Also called spoondrift.

spit-splice (knitting) – a method of joining a new ball of yarn into the project, when the old ball runs out

spiv – Brit: a flashily dressed man of disreputable dealings

splodge – a thick, heavy, or clumsy splotch

splog – (from spam blog): a fake blog, without meaningful content, set up to attract hits to generate advertising revenue or Google-ranking

spoliator – one who spoliates; a spoiler (spoliate – to plunder; to pillage; to despoil; to rob)

spondulicks – Brit. informal: money

spong – one who encounters great good luck, despite their own incredible stupidity or clumsiness. (spawny + mong )

spooge – slang: 1. semen 2. motorcycling: the black gunk that can run out of the silencer

spoom – a frothy, light type of sherbet

spoondrift – see spindrift

spoonerism – eponym: transposition of initial sounds of words (as in “tons of soil” for “sons of toil”)

sporran – large pouch of skin or fur, worn by Highlanders in front of the kilt

sport – a spontaneous mutation in a branch, which might be useful

sportive – playful; frolicsome (archaic: amorous or wanton); also, relating to or interested in sports

spotted dick – Brit: a steamed suet pudding. The “spots” are sultanas or raisins. Recipe

sprachgefühl (literally, “language-feeling”) – an intuitive sense of what is linguistically appropriate; also, the character of a language

sprigging – planting sprigs of grass in shallow furrows, to make a lawn

sprog ­– Brit. & Austr. slang: a baby or young child. verb: to give birth

squeans – cartoons: the little bubbles that float above a character’s head to show intoxication. briffits – those little clouds of smoke when some thing

moves abruptly. hites – lines showing forward/backward movement. agitrons – lines showing sideways movement. ALL NON-STANDARD; coined by Mort Walker

squib – 1. a small firework that hisses before exploding 2. a short piece of satirical writing

squick – vulgar slang: to gross out; to disgust

squidger – tiddlywinks; compare sqoup: the larger wink used to propel or flip a player’s winks; the shooter (verb: squidge – to so propel) You try to pot it.

squidge-off – use of the squidger to start the game
squopped – if a free tiddlywink lands on another wink, that wink is squopped

squiggle – a small wiggly mark or scrawl (verb: to squirm and wriggle)

squinch¹ – a small arch built across the interior angle between two walls

squinch² – v.trans: to squeeze the eyelids or face together [squint + pinch]. intrans: to squeeze up so as to fill less place; to crouch ( “squinch down”, “squinch over” )

squirrel (etymology) – from the ancient Greeks’ name for it, skiouros, which means “shadow-tail”. How apt!

squonk – creature of the Pennsylvania hemlock forests. It is extremely ugly and, aware of and upset by its terrible appearance, is is extremely reclusive.

Can be tracked by the trail of the tears it constantly weeps over its sad fate. However, if bagged it will weep constantly within the sack, and literally dissolve in its own tears, leaving naught but a salty wet spot. Hence the formal scientific name, Lacrimacorpus dissolvens. <wink>

squop – tiddlywinks: to cover and immobilize (another’s wink) with one’s own (compare squidger)

SRO – 1. single room occupancy 2. standing room only

St. Elmo’s fire – eponym: visible electric discharge on a pointed object (ship’s mast or airplane’s wing) in an electrical storm

St. Martin’s summer – eponym: Indian summer in November

St. Vitus dance – eponym: nervous disorder marked by spasmodic movements

staggered board – a board (of directors) whose members’ terms are overlapping, not coincident, so that only some directors (not all) are elected in any single election

stakhanovite – eponym: a Soviet worker exceptional in increasing production. (I suggest that the word is not limited to Soviets, and means “an exceptionally hard worker” – with pejorative overtones of overzealousness.)

stalemate – a deadlock; a situation of opposing parties in which neither side can make further progress or take any further worthwhile action. verb: bring to stalemate. [term evolved from the game of chess]

stalking horse – a sham candidate put forward to conceal another’s candidacy or to divide the opposition (or, generally, something used to mask a purpose)

Stalking – Walk stiffly. Follow stealthily or recur constantly and spontaneously to. “his ex-girlfriend stalked him”. Go through (an area) in search of prey. “stalk the woods for deer”

stalking – A hunt for game carried on by following it stealthily or waiting in ambush

Stalking - following a prey stealthily

stanchion – 1. an upright pole support 2. a framework of vertical bars used to secure cattle in a stall or feed trough

standing – law: a party’s right a be the person bringing a legal claim

star chamber – characterized by secrecy and often being irresponsibly arbitrary and oppressive

stare decisis – law: the doctrine of precedent; the general rule of following earlier decisions

stareomancy – divination by the elements [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

stark-naked (etymology)

stash (knitting) – one’s supply of extra yarn. (The yarn in a knitter’s life tends to accumulate.)
stash enhancement – shopping and buying more yarn

stash diving – finding yarn in your stash for the new project instead of purchasing new yarn

souvenir stash – yarn you bought on vacation that reminds you of the place, but which you can’t knit because, well, it reminds you of your vacation

steatopygous – having extremely fat buttocks

steganography – secret writing by hiding the message in an apparently innocuous document or other matter

stemwinder – two completely different meanings: 1. a rousing political speech; but occasionally, 2. a speech so long and boring that it feels as though one needs to wind one’s watch before it ends

stentorian – eponym: extremely loud; a stentorian voice

stentor loud-voiced Woman stentorian extremely loud

Stepford – toponym: robotically conformist and compliant; attractive but without individuality, emotion, or thought

sternomancy – divination by the marks from the breast to the belly [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

sternutation – formal: the action of sneezing

stertorous – characterized by heavy snoring

Stetson – eponym: trademark for a broad-brimmed high-crowned felt hat

steward – (originally, pig-warden) one who manages property or other affairs for someone else

sthenia – marked bodily strength; vigor

stipple – to paint, etc. in dots or short strokes

stirrup-cup – a drink handed to a man already on horseback setting out; a parting glass. Also called deoch an doris, Gael. for ‘drink at the door’.

stoat – an ermine (a small weasel-like carnivore), in its brown summer coat. (“The ermine … [has] a very high metabolic rate which makes it a very effective and agile hunter. However, its slim body shape dictates that it must eat often to survive.”)

stocious – irish slang: drunk

stockinette or stocking stitch (knitting) – a certain pattern that is very smooth and even; all of the “nubs” are on one side of the fabric. Tends to curl

stonking – Brit., colloquial: excellent, amazing; considerable, powerful

stovaine – eponym: the first successful substitute for cocaine as an anesthetic

strabismus – 1. cross-eye (or other improper alignment of the eyes) 2. fig; rare: perversity of intellectual perception

strangury – a condition of slow, painful urination, caused by muscular spasms of the “plumbing”

straw boss – a worker who acts as a boss or crew leader; an assistant to a foreman in charge of supervising small gang of workers

strident – 1. loud, harsh and grating 2. presenting a point of view in an excessively forceful way

stridulate – to make a shrill grating, chirping, or hissing sound by rubbing body parts together, as certain insects do. a stridulant sound; a stridulatory insect

striga – a type of witch that thrives on the life force of children, leaving its young victims prematurely aged and weak

stringer – a local journalist, paid by a news corporation to report on news from their area

strobotron – a gas-filled electron tube used esp. as a source of bright flashes of light for a stroboscope (1937)

strophe – 1. stanza 2. two or more lines repeated as a unit

struthionine – ostrich-like

studmuffin – a sexually attractive young man

stultify – 1. to cause to appear foolish or absurd 2. to render useless or ineffectual; cripple

stuprate – to deflower a virgin

stygian – toponym: pertaining to the river Styx; hence: hellish; infernal

stymie – to impede, obstruct, frustrate, thwart (a person, an activity, or a project) [from golf]

17 Strike any key to continue

sub rosa – happening or done in secret (contrast sub divo – in the open [lit. “under god” or, by transference, “under the sky])

subdolous – sly; crafty; cunning

subincision – the slitting of the underside of the penis, a puberty rite among some tribal peoples

subitize – to judge the number (of objects in a group) rapidly, accurately, and confidently without counting them

sublittoral – of ocean depths to about 200 meters; neritic

substitution cipher – secret writing, where the letters of the text are replaced by substitute letters, without transposing them

subtlist (also subtilist) – one addicted to subtleties. subtilism – the quality or state of being subtle; subtlety (not necessarily positive)

succedaneum – a substitute. (can refer to persons or other items, particularly to medications; often seems to imply a substitute that is acceptable but inferior.)

succubus – an evil spirit who has sex with men they sleep. (see incubus)

succumbent – submissive; yielding

sufferance – absence of objection rather than genuine approval; patient endurance (esp. of pain or distress)

summoner – a petty officer who cites persons to appear in court

sunbeam – (interesting etymology; see Archives)

sundae – why is an ‘ice cream sundae’ named after a day of the week? The majority view cites old “blue laws” which forbade the sale on the Lord’s Day of intoxicating sprits – including carbonated soda. So on Sunday an soda parlor had to remove the soda water from its sodas, serving only cream and syrup – the ice-cream sundae.

sunder – to split apart (implies by violence: to wrench apart)

sun-dog – see parhelion

superannuated – 1. ineffective, or sent out to pasture, because of old age. 2. outmoded; obsolete

superbia – unreasonable and inordinate self-esteem

16 Unreasonable fight by women

superincumbent – lying upon and pressing down on. ventricumbent – lying face down; prone

supeter – armor for the feet [OED’s only source is a 1611 dictionary]

supine – lying on one’s back (contrast prone – lying on one’s stomach)

suppletion – use of an unrelated word form in a linguistic paradigm: go/went; bad/worse

paradigm we are all tied to our own boxes

suppurate (also here) – to form or discharge pus (suitable for figurative use as an insult)

supralapsarian – one who holds that Adam and Eve’s acts were fore-ordained; they could not have chosen otherwise

surcease – noun cessation. verb, trans. & intrans. to bring or come to an end; stop

surculigerous – biol: producing suckers

surreptitious – taken ‘on the sly’, secretly or furtively, with efforts to avoid detection

susfu – see snafu

suss – slang: to figure out; also, to size up; study

susurrus – a soft, whispering or rustling sound; a murmur

Svengali – eponym: a person who exercises a controlling influence on another, esp. for sinister purpose

swale – 1. moist or marshy low land (or: a shallow depression on a golf fairway or green) 2. a shallow trough-like depression (as along a roadside) that carries overflow water (or: a trough between ridges on a beach, paralleling the coastline)

sward – an expanse of grass turf (also, the upper soil layer of soil, esp. when grass-covered)

swarf – the fine metallic particles that accumulate from using a machine tool to grind, sharpen, or cut metal (from Old Norse sverfa, to file)

swashbuckler – a swaggering or daring soldier, swordsman, or adventurer; or a novel or drama dealing with a such a character

swath – 1. a strip (from the specific sense: a mowing-path the width of a scythe-stroke, or the cut grass or grain in such a path). to cut a swath – to

create a great stir, impression, or display

sweating – cooking foods over low heat without browning

sweetheart (etymology) –

SWI – Snowmobiling While Intoxicated. Term used in the law courts, akin to DWI

swidden – an area cleared for temporary cultivation by cutting and burning the vegetation

switch-hitter – baseball: one able to bat either right-handed or left-handed; “going both ways”. slang: a bisexual person (also, the following meaning found in usage but not in dictionaries: person or software able to perform well at any of two or more functions)

swive – a synonym for the f-word. The latter first appears around 1500, and ‘swive’ (related to ‘swivel’) is the term previously used. The verb “to quim” may refer only to the female’s role in the activity.

swivet – a tizzy; a state of extreme agitation

swizzle – UK noun: a swindle or a confidence trick; verb to swindle, con or cheat. Also, and chiefly US: an unshaken cocktail (cf. swizzle stick – a small stick used to stir a fizzy drink to cause the carbon dioxide to escape)

sword of Damocles – eponym: something that threatens imminent disaster

sybarite – a person devoted to pleasure and luxury; a voluptuary

sycomancy – divination by figs [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

syllepsis – a form of pun: using a word to relates to two others, in two different senses (“She stole my heart and my wallet”), as a literal sense and a

figurative sense. (Note – some authorities say that one use must be illogical [“Jane murdered him, and you may too.”] or ungrammatical.)

sylph – 1. an imaginary spirit of the air (later: 2. a slender woman of light, graceful movement

sympatico – 1. likeable; congenial 2. of like mind or temperament; compatible

synapse – the gap between two neurons (nerve cells), across which impulses are transmitted

syncretism – 1. the amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought 2. linguistics: the merging of two or more originally different inflectional forms (e.g., thee and thou become you)

synecdoche – a type of metonym, where the smaller term is substituted for the larger (e.g., “hand” for worker) or vice versa (e.g., “the law” for a police officer)

synechthry – the state of living together in a loveless marriage

synesthesia – a condition in which one type of stimulation evokes the sensation of another, as when hearing a sound produces the visualization of a color; or “tasting a sound”

synodical – relating to a church counsel, also, relating to a conjunction of celestial bodies

synoptic – 1. like a synopsis; taking a general overview 2. meteorology: of data obtained nearly simultaneously over a large area of the atmosphere

syntality – the consistent and predictable behavior of a social group

syntonic – highly responsive (emotionally) to the environment; having the responsive, lively type of temperament which is liable to manic-depressive psychosis. Most often seen in the phrase “ego-syntonic”.

syphilis [etymology] – definition unneeded. origin: perhaps Greek mythology

syzygy – the straight line configuration of 3 celestial bodies in a gravitational system

sabaton foot-covering as part of suit of armour
sabbatarian one who keeps the sabbath strictly
sabbulonarium gravel pit
sabelline sable fur
sabin unit of acoustic absorption of one square foot of a perfect absorber
sable black; dark; of a black colour in heraldry
sabliere sand pit

sabretache satchel suspended from cavalry officer’s belt
sabulous sandy; gritty; growing in sandy places
saburration application of hot sand as medical treatment

saccadic jerky; twitching
sacchariferous bearing sugar
saccharimeter instrument for measuring amount of sugar in a solution
sacciferous bearing a sac or sacs
sacciform shaped like a sac
saccular sac-like
sacculiform shaped like a small sac
sacerdotal priestly; pertaining to priestly interests
sacerdotalism belief that priests are necessary mediators between God and mankind
sachet small plastic envelope holding liquid or cream
sack dry white wine or sherry from Spain
sackbut early wind instrument resembling the trombone
sacralgia pain in the sacrum
sacralized prepared to be used in sacred ceremonies
sacramentarianism belief that sacraments have unusual properties
sacrarium place where sacred objects are kept
sacring hallowing; consecration
sacristan church official in charge of vessels and the sacristy
sacristy room in church where sacred objects are kept
sadogue fat; easy-going person
saeculum astronomical or geological age
saffron orange-yellow
sagathy light blend of silk and cotton or wool
sagene fishing-net; network
sageship state or quality of being a sage
saggar clay box in which pottery is packed for baking
saginate to fatten animals
sagittal shaped like an arrow
sagittary centaur; archer
sagittiform shaped like an arrowhead
saiga migratory Russian antelope

saki South American monkey

Saki south American Monkey

sal a salt

salamandroid like a salamander; able to withstand fire
salariat salary-earning class collectively
salempore broad white or blue cotton fabric
saliferous salt-bearing
salify to impregnate with salt
saliniform like salt
salinometer instrument for measuring amount of salt in a solution
sallet light round helmet
salmagundi stew of many mixed ingredients; a medley or miscellany
salpiform shaped like a barrel
salpinx Fallopian tube
salpinx ancient Greek trumpet
salsa fast Latin American jazz-influenced dance
salse mud volcano
salsipotent ruling the salt seas
salsitude saltiness; brackishness
salsuginous salty; brackish; growing in salty soil
saltant leaping; dancing
saltarello lively Italian dance
saltation jumping or leaping; abrupt variation
saltationism punctuation in evolution
saltativeness ability to jump
saltern salt-works
saltigrade progressing by leaps
saltire X-shaped cross
saltus breach of continuity; jump to a conclusion
salubrious favourable to or promoting well-being
salutary producing good effects; beneficial
salutiferous conducive to health or well-being
salvific having the purpose or intention of saving
salvo excepting
samaj Hindu religious assembly; congregation of worshippers
samara propeller-like winged fruit
samarra flame-decorated cassock worn by those condemned by the Inquisition
sambar large reddish deer of southern Asia
samel underburnt
samite rich and heavy silk, sometimes interwoven with gold or silver
sanable able to be healed
sanative healing
sanatory producing health
sanbenito yellow or black sackcloth garment worn by heretics prior to execution
sanctanimity holiness of mind
sanctiloquent speaking on heavenly or holy matters
sangfroid coolness; composure
sanguiferous bearing blood
sanguine optimistic; having a bright complexion
sanguineous bloody; of, like or pertaining to blood; blood-red
sanguinolent containing blood; bloodthirsty
sanguisugent blood-sucking
sanguivorous blood-drinking
sanies watery foul discharge from wounds or sores
sansa set of small cymbals played with the thumbs
sansculotte strong republican; democrat or violent revolutionary
sapid having a perceptible or decided taste; savoury; agreeable

sapiential providing wisdom
saponaceous soapy; soaplike
saponifiable able to be converted into soap
saponify to convert into soap
sapor property of substance of taste; flavour
saporine of, like or pertaining to the sense of taste
Sapphism homosexuality in women
saprobic characterized by decaying organic matter
saprodontia tooth decay
saprogenous growing on decaying material; causing putrefaction
saprophagous feeding on decaying material
saprophyte plant living on dead or decaying matter
saprostomous having foul breath
sapsago hard green Swiss cheese
sapwood soft tissue beneath bark of tree
sarabande stately Spanish Baroque court dance
sarangi Indian fiddle
sarangousty waterproof stucco
sarcoid flesh-like
sarcoline flesh-coloured
sarcology study of fleshy parts of the body
sarcophagous feeding on flesh; carnivorous
sarcophilous fond of flesh
sarcotic promoting growth of flesh
sarcous of flesh or muscle
sard deep orange chalcedony
sarinda stringed instrument of India played with a bow
sarment long weak twig
sarmentum vine, long twig or runner
sarod bowed or plucked South Asian string instrument
saron Indonesian instrument with seven bronze bars struck with mallet
sarrusophone double-reeded musical instrument resembling the bassoon
sarsenet fine and soft silk; soft or gentle
sartorial of, like or pertaining to a tailor or tailored clothes
sastruga long parallel ridges of snow that form on windy plains
satanology study of the devil
satanophany an appearance of the devil
satanophobia fear of the devil
satara ribbed lustred wool
sateen glossy cotton or wool
satinet thin silk satin or imitation thereof
satisdation provision of security
satisfice to aim for or achieve that which will suffice
sative cultivated
satnav satellite-assisted navigation
saturnalian riotously merry
saturnine of a gloomy or surly disposition; sardonic
saturnism lead poisoning
satyrism uncontrolled licentiousness
satyromania abnormally great male sexual desire; satyriasis
sauf except for; excepting
saurophagous eating lizards
sauterelle mason’s tool for making angles
sautoir long necklace or pendant
saw saying or proverb
sawder to flatter
saxatile rock-dwelling
saxhorn brass instrument like a trumpet
saxicavous rock-boring
saxicolous living in or among rocks
saxifragous breaking stone
saxigenous growing in rocks
saxony fine soft woollen fabric
say delicate woollen fabric
scaberulous somewhat scabrous or rough
scabious of, like or pertaining to scabies or scabs
scabrous having scaly or rough surface; risqué or obscene
scacchic of, like or pertaining to chess
scaffmaster steward
scagliola stone-like plasterwork for interior decoration
scalariform shaped like a ladder
scalary formed with steps or rungs
scallion onion with a slim bulb; leek
scallom rod with thin or spliced end used to form base or frame of baskets
scalpeliform shaped like a scalpel
scalpriform shaped like a chisel
scalpture art of engraving on metal or stone
scamander to take a winding course; to meander
scambling haphazard meal
scammony plant root used as strong purgative
scandent climbing
scanderoon homing pigeon
scansorial climbing; adapted for climbing
scantling dimensions of a cross-section of timber; a small amount
scapegrace scoundrel; incorrigible man or boy
scaphion kind of sundial
scaphism execution by deserting honey-covered person in the sun
scaphoid boat-shaped
scapiform shaped like a stalk
scapigerous having a scape
scapple to work smoothly, without smoothing to a finish
scapular badge of monastic order worn on the shoulders
scapulomancy divination by examining burnt shoulder blade
scarabaean of, like or pertaining to scarabs
scaramouch ruffian; scoundrel
scarfskin surface skin
scarify to scratch or scar
scarious thin and tough
scarlatina scarlet fever
scarlet fine cloth
scarp to make steep
scarpetti climbing shoes with hemp soles
scarpines instrument of torture for the feet
scatch a stilt
scatebrous flowing or bubbling out; abounding with springs
scatology study of excrement or obscene literature
scatomancy divination by studying excrement
scatophagous dung-eating
scatoscopy divination by studying excrement; scatomancy
scattery dispersed; sparse
scaturient flowing out; gushing
scaturiginous abounding with springs
scauper semicircular gouging chisel
scavage refuse scavenged from the roads
scavager officer in charge of keeping streets clean
scazon limping verse
scelerat villain
scelestic wicked; villainous
scelotyrbe disease causing hesitation in walking
scenography representation of an object in perspective
scepsis philosophic doubt
schadenfreude malicious pleasure in others’ misfortunes
schapska flat-topped cavalry helmet
schediasm impromptu action; an extemporized work
schematism theory that categories derive from applying schemata to perceptions
schematomancy divination using the human form
schematonics art of using gesture to express tones
schesis deriding opponent’s argument by referring to his way of thought
schetic of a disease, not deeply rooted in the body
schiller bronze lustre
schistous formed of schist
schizogenesis reproduction by division
schizotrichia splitting of hair
schiztic of, like or pertaining to or marked by splitting
schmegeggy nonsense; an idiot
schoenabatic of, like or pertaining to rope walking
schola church choir led by a cantor
scholarch head of a school
scholasticate preparatory college for those intending to enter Catholic order
scholiast commentator; writer of marginal notes
scholion annotation to an argument written in margin
schorl tourmaline
schottische old polka-like round dance
schryari old and very loud double-reed wind instrument
schwa letter indicating a neutral vowel in unstressed syllables
schwärmerei sentimental enthusiasm; wild devotion
schwerpunkt point where main effort of a military attack is directed
sciagraphy art of shading
scialytic dispelling shadows

Damn to spelling
sciaphobia fear of shadows
sciapodous having large feet
sciatheric of, like or pertaining to measurement of time by shadows
sciatic of, like or pertaining to the hip
scible that which is knowable
scientaster petty scientist
scientism belief that the methods of science are universally applicable
scilicet to wit; namely
scincoid of or resembling a skink
scintilla hint; trace; spark
scintillant sparkling
scintillescent twinkling
scintillometer instrument measuring scintillation of star
scintilloscope instrument for measuring gamma rays emitted by a radioactive body
sciolism superficial pretensions to knowledge
sciomancy divination using ghosts
sciophilous thriving in or loving shady conditions
scioptic of, like or pertaining to formation of images in darkrooms
sciosophy system of knowledge without basis in science
scissel metal clippings; scrap metal
scissile able to be cut; readily splitting
scission cutting; division; splitting
scissure a cleft; a splitting; fissure; rupture
sciurine of, like or pertaining to squirrels
sciuroid of, like or pertaining to squirrels or chipmunks
sciuroid shaped like a squirrel’s tail
sclerodermous hard-skinned
scleroid hard; hardened
sclerometer instrument measuring hardness
scobiform like sawdust
scoliograptic marked by oblique lines
scoliometer instrument measuring curvature
scolopacine of, like or pertaining to snipes
sconce small protective fortification or earthwork
scop Anglo-Saxon poet and harpist
scopate brush-like
scopic visual
scopophilia obtaining sexual pleasure from seeing things
scopophobia fear of being looked at
scoptophobia fear of being looked at
scopula little tuft of hairs
scopulate brush-like
scorbutic of or suffering from scurvy
scoria dross or slag from metal-smelting; slag-like mass of lava
scorify to reduce to slag
scorpioid scorpion-like; curved at the end
scortation fornication
scoteography writing in the dark or without sight
scotograph instrument for writing without seeing
scotoma dizziness with headache and impairment of vision
Scotophilia admiration for Scotland or the Scots
scotophobia fear of the dark
scotopia vision in dim light or darkness
scotoscope instrument for detecting objects in darkness
scranch to crunch
scrannel thin; meagre; squeaking
scree sloping mass of loose rock at base of a cliff
screed lengthy discourse; informal piece of writing
scribable capable of being written upon
scribacious given to writing
scribbleomania obsession with scribbling
scride to crawl on all fours
scrim durable plain-woven cotton fabric
scrimshank to evade work or duty
scrimure fencer
scriniary keeper of archives; archivist
scripophily collection of bond and share certificates
scriptorium writing room; room used by monastic scribes
scriptory by, in or pertaining to writing
scripturient having a violent desire to write
scrivello elephant’s tusk
scrobiculate having many small pits or depressions
scrobiculus small depression or pit
scrotiform shaped like a pouch
scrow a scroll; writings
scrumpy strong apple cider as made in western England
scruple unit of weight used by apothecaries equal to 1/24 of an ounce
scrutator close examiner
scruto stage trap door
scud to sail swiftly before a gale

scumble softening a painting using a dry brush
scuncheon inner part of a door jamb or window frame
scupper hole allowing water to drain from ship’s deck
scurriour scout
scutage tax on a knight’s fee
scutal of, like or pertaining to shields
scutch to beat out impurities from flax or wool
scutellate shaped like a platter
scutellation arrangement of scales or plates on an animal’s body
scutiform shaped like a shield
scutiger squire
scutigerous bearing a shield or scales
scuttlebutt cask of drinking water aboard a ship; rumour, idle gossip
scuttles portholes on a ship
scyphiform shaped like a cup
scytodepsic of, like or pertaining to tanning leather
se twenty-five-stringed Chinese zither
seacock bold sea rover
seahog porpoise
sealine the sea horizon
sebaceous of or like tallow
sebastomania religious insanity
sebiferous bearing fatty matter
secateurs pruning-shears
secco painting on dry plaster
secern to discriminate or distinguish; to secrete
secodont having cutting teeth
secque lightweight clog
secreta products of secretion
secretagogue substance inducing or stimulating secretion
secretaire writing desk
secretum private seal
sectile capable of being cut easily with a knife
sectiuncle small section
secularism theory that morality should not be governed by considerations of God
secund on one side only
secundine afterbirth
secundogeniture custom where second-oldest child inherits property
secundum according to
securiform shaped like an axe
securigerous bearing an axe
secus otherwise
sedent seated
sederunt sitting of a court; gathering; long discussion
sedigitated six-fingered
sedilia stone seats for clergy in wall of chancel
sedimentology study of sediment
sedulous assiduous; diligent
seel to sew up the eyelids of; to blindfold
seen considering; inasmuch as
seersucker light puckered cotton or linen fabric
seg stud or metal plate in sole of a shoe to prevent wear
segnity sluggishness; slothfulness
segregant having a genotype derived from segregation
seguidilla Spanish folk dance
seicento style of art in Italy in the seventeenth century
seiche periodic side-to-side fluctuation of body of water
seine large vertical fishing net
seisin freehold possession of land in a feudal system
seismicity degree of vulnerability to earthquakes
seismograph instrument for recording earthquakes
seismology study of earthquakes
seismometer instrument for measuring earthquake intensity
seismoscope instrument for detecting earthquakes
seismotherapy medical therapy using vibrations
seismotic causing earthquakes
seity self; selfhood; personal identity
sejant sitting (especially of a heraldic animal)
sejugate to separate
sejunction separation; disjunction
sejungible able to be disjoined
selachian of, like or pertaining to sharks or rays
selcouth strange; unfamiliar; marvellous
selenic of, like or pertaining to the moon
selenocentric relating to the moon as a centre; as seen from the centre of the moon
selenodesy study of the shape and features of the moon
selenography description of the moon’s surface
selenolatry worship of the moon
selenology study of the moon
selenomancy divination by studying the moon
selenoscope instrument for viewing the moon
self-determinism doctrine that the actions of a self are determined by itself
sellate having a saddle
selliform shaped like a saddle
selvage differently finished edging of cloth
semanteme word expressing an idea, such as a noun
semantics study of meaning
semantology science of meanings of words
semasiology study of meaning; semantics
sematic serving for recognition, attraction or warning
sematography writing in signs rather than letters
semelincident occurring only once in the same individual
semelparous reproducing only once in its lifetime
semese half-eaten
semestral half-yearly
semic of, like or pertaining to a sign or signs
semilunate shaped like a half-moon
seminative producing growth
seminiferous seed-bearing
seminivorous seed-eating
seminule small seed or spore
semiography description of signs or symptoms
semiology study of signs and signals
semiotics study of signs and symbols
semioviparous bringing forth young in incomplete developmental state
semiquote single quotation mark
semitaur mythical half-man; half-bull
semiterete half-cylindrical
semolina hard grains of wheat that resist grinding
semon sub-element of a grammatical unit of meaning
semovedly separately
sempect extremely elderly Benedictine monk
semper always
sempervirent evergreen; always fresh
sempiternal of never-ending duration; eternal
sempiternum durable wool
sempster one who sews
senary involving or based on six; having a numerical base of six
sendal thin silk or linen
senectitude old age
senectuous very old

senicide killing of old men
sennet musical fanfare
sennit plaited straw or rope
senocular having six eyes
sensationalism belief that ideas originate solely in sensation
sensibilia whatever may be perceived by the senses
sensifacient producing or converting into sensation
sensiferous conveying sensation
sensile sentient; capable of affecting the senses
sensitometer instrument for measuring sensitivity of photographic material
sententia opinion; aphorism
sententious full of meaning; aphoristic; tending to moralize
sepal division of the calyx of a flower
separatrix straight vertical line formerly used to separate integers from decimals
sepelible that may be buried
sepelition burial
sephiroth ten essences of God emanated into the physical world
sepia fine brown
sepian inky
sepicolous dwelling in hedges
sepiment hedge; fence; barrier
sepometer instrument for measuring septic matter in the air
seposit to set aside; to give up
sept division of a tribe; clan
septarchy government by seven rulers; heptarchy
septate partitioned; having a septum
septemfid split into seven
septemfluous in seven streams
septenary in seven portions; grouped in seven; of base seven
septentrional northern; of, like or pertaining to the north
septiferous having barriers
septiform shaped like a partition
septimal of, like or pertaining to or based on the number seven
septimanal weekly
septum division; partition; barrier
sepulchral funereal; gloomy; dismal
sepulchre receptacle in an altar for holding religious relics
sepultre interment
sequacious ready to follow a leader or authority; compliant
sequela after-effect of any trauma; consequence or result
sequestrate to confiscate; to set income aside to meet claims
serac pillar of glacial ice
seraglio harem
seral of, like or pertaining to the development of ecological communities

seraph – 1. one of an order of celestial beings, each having three pairs of wings: “Don’t play the innocent little seraph with me! I know you well enough

to expect some ulterior motives.”

2. (as in theology) an angel of the first order, usually portrayed as the winged head of a child

adjective forms: seraphic, seraphical
adverb form: seraphically
Approximately 1667; formed by back formation of Old English, ‘seraphim’; from Late Latin, ‘seraphim’; from Greek, ‘seraphim’; from Hebrew, ‘seraphim’,

plural of ‘saraph’, from ‘saraph’: it burned.

seraphic serene; blissful; angelic
seraphine reed keyboard instrument
sere threadbare; withered
serein fine tropical rain falling from cloudless night sky
serge strong twilled worsted
seriate in rows
seriatim in succession; one after another
seric silken
sericeous silky; covered with soft silky hairs
sericterium silk spinning glands
sericulture breeding of silkworms
seriema large crested Brazilian bird
serific silk-producing
serigraphy silk-screening
serimeter instrument for testing quality of silk
seriocomic partly serious and partly humorous
serment oath
sermocination making of speeches or sermons
sermuncle short sermon
serology study of serums
seron crate or hamper
serotinous flowering late
serous of, like or pertaining to serum; watery
serow Himalayan and South Asian goatlike antelope
serpentcleide musical instrument like an ophicleide with a wooden body
serpenticide killing or killer of a snake
serpentiferous bearing a snake; abounding in snakes
serpentise to wind; to cause to wind
serpentry serpents collectively
serpette pruning knife
serpigo ringworm
serpivolant mythical flying serpent
serratic like a saw
serratiform saw-shaped; serriform
serried close-set; packed together without gaps
serriform saw-shaped
serrurerie wrought iron work
sertule scientific collection of plants
serval tawny carnivorous South African catlike quadruped
servilism system of slavery or serfdom
servitor one who serves; clerk or assistant; adherent
sesquialter in a ratio of three to two
sesquiduplicate having a ratio of five to two (2.5 to 1)
sesquipedalian tending to use long or cumbersome words
sesquiplicate of or as the square roots of cubes
sesquitertial having a ratio of four to three
sessile stalkless, sedentary, fixed or stationary
seta bristle or bristle-like organ
setaceous having the form of a bristle; bristly
setiferous bearing bristles
setiform shaped like a bristle
setigerous bearing bristles
setline fishing line suspended between buoys
seton thread passed under skin acting as channel for discharge
setose bristly
settee long seat with a back
setulous covered with small bristles
severalty separateness; separate ownership of property
severy compartment of vaulted ceiling
sevum tallow
sexenary six-fold
sexology study of sexual behaviour
sext prayer service held at noon
sexton church caretaker or bellringer
sferics study of storms using electronic detectors
sgraffito scratching surface of pottery to reveal different colour
shabrack saddle cloth
shag dance where participants hop energetically
shagreen green dyed untanned leather
shail to shamble; to stumble
shake unit of one hundred millionth of a second used to measure nuclear processes
shakuhachi end-blown bamboo Japanese flute
shalloon light twilled wool or worsted
shallop light river boat with sail and oars
shallot onion with garlic-flavoured bulbs
shambles a butcher’s shop; a street or district for butchers
shambolic chaotic
shambrough heraldic depiction of a boat or ship
shammel platform of boards for shovelling unrefined ore upon
shandry light cart on springs
shantung plain rough silk or cotton
sharkskin smooth durable wool or worsted fabric
shaugh thicket
shawm double-reeded wind instrument
sheading administrative division on the Isle of Man
shearling one-year-old sheep
sheer fore-and-aft curvature of a ship from bow to stern
shenango a casually employed dock worker
shend to destroy; to ruin; to disgrace; to corrupt
sheol hell; place where the dead live a shadowy existence
shetland lightweight loosely twisted wool fabric
shide piece of wood split off from a timber
shimmy jazz dance featuring rapid shaking of the body
shindle wooden roofing tile; shingle
shiv straight-razor
shivaree noisy mock serenade for newlyweds
shoddy woollen fabric made from rags
shofar ram’s horn trumpet used in Jewish ceremonies
shopocracy government by shopkeepers
shrieval of, like or pertaining to a sheriff

shrive – to hear a confession from and give absolution. Grant remission of a sin to.

shroff to test money to detect impurities
shrouds ropes supporting the mast of a ship
shuck nonsense
shuftiscope instrument used to explore interior of dysentery case
shunamitism rejuvenation of an old man by a young woman
sial outer part of the earth’s surface
sialic of, like or pertaining to saliva
sialogogue anything that stimulates flow of saliva
sialoquent spitting greatly while speaking
siamang southeast Asian gibbon-like black ape
siamese to join pipes in a way suggestive of Siamese twins
siblicide killing or killer of a sibling
sibylline prophetic; oracular
sic thus
sicarian murderer; assassin
siccaneous dry; arid
siccar sure; certain; firm
siccative drying; a drying agent
siccimeter instrument for measuring liquid evaporation
sicilienne ribbed silk
sidelight coloured lights on side of a ship under way at night
sidelight lamp or light above or at the side of a door
sideral sent from the stars; omenous or evil
siderate to blast or strike
sideration use of green manure
sidereal of, like or pertaining to the stars
siderism belief that the stars influence human affairs
siderization addition of iron to alloy
siderognost instrument measuring magnetic intensity
siderography art of engraving on steel
sideromancy divination using stars; divination by burning straws
sideroscope instrument using magnets to detect presence of iron
siderose like or containing iron
siderurgy metallurgy of iron and steel
sideslip oblique offshoot
siege seat or throne
siemens unit of electrical conductance equivalent to one ampere per volt
siffilate to whistle
siffleur professional whistler
sightworthy worth looking at
sigillary of, like or pertaining to a seal
sigillate sealed; with seal-like impressions
sigillative tending to form scars
sigillography study of seals
sigillum seal of the confession
sigla abbreviations, symbols and signs
sigmate shaped like an S or a sigma
sigmoid S-shaped
sigmoidoscope instrument for examining the interior of the rectum and sigmoid colon
signary system of symbols; alphabet
signate distinct; distinguished
significs science of meaning
silage any green crop stored for use as animal fodder
silentiary any official who calls for silence

silenus tipsy woman

silenus tipsy woman

silesia thin twilled cotton or linen
silicicolous growing in silicate or sandy soil
siliciferous bearing or containing silica
silkaline soft light cotton fabric resembling silk
sillograph one who writes satires
sillometer instrument measuring speed of ship
silva assemblage of trees in a region
silverskin fine skin of a coffee bean
silvicide substance that kills trees
silvicolous living in woods
silvics study of tree’s life
silviculture growing of trees

simian of, like or pertaining to apes
Ape – Simian

Simian Woman 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Simian is given at

similative indicating similarity to
similiter in a similar manner
similize to liken; to compare
simillimum remedy chosen for symptoms it emulates
simity state of being pug-nosed
simnel sweet fruit cake covered with marzipan and eaten at Easter
simoniac one who practices simony
simony buying or selling of ecclesiastical offices
simous having a flat; upturned nose
simplex figure with minimum number of vertices
simpliciter simply; not relatively; unconditionally
simpliciter simply; absolutely
simplism affected simplicity; oversimplification
simpliste simplistic; naïve
simular counterfeit; feigned
simultanagnosia inability to experience perceptions as components of a whole
sinal of, like or pertaining to the sinuses
sinapise to sprinkle; to powder
sinciput the forehead
sindon fine linen
sindonology study of the shroud of Turin
sine without
sinecure ecclesiastical office or other job requiring little work
singillatim singly
singspiel semi-dramatic play in dialogue and song
singularism doctrine that all phenomena derive from a singular principle
singult a sob
singultous hiccuping; suffering from hiccups
sinister of or on the left side of a heraldic shield
sinister towards the left side
sinistrad towards the left
sinistration moving to the left
sinistromanual left-handed
sinistrorse rising spirally and turning from right to left
Sinology study of China
Sinophile one who admires China or the Chinese
sinopia preparatory drawing for a fresco; reddish-brown colour
sinter deposit from hot springs; iron dross
sinuate having a wavy edge or margin; winding; sinuous
sipe to percolate or ooze through

siphon – 1. a tube running from the liquid in a vessel to a lower level outside the vessel so that atmospheric pressure forces the liquid through the tube:

“I know that you cleaned the container, but the siphon is still full of fluid from the last experiment.”

2. (as in zoology) a tubular organ, especially of arthropods or mollusks, by which water is taken in or expelled

transitive verb

3. to convey, draw off, or empty by or as if by a siphon

intransitive verb

4. to pass through a siphon

also: syphon
adjective forms: siphonal, siphonic

Approximately 1398; from Middle English; borrowed from Latin, ‘sipho’ (genitive ‘siphonis’); from Greek, ‘siphon’: pipe, tube.

siphonic of, like or pertaining to a siphon
siphoniform shaped like a siphon
siphonogamous reproducing by seeds

sipidity savour; flavour

Sipidity savour flavour

sippet morsel of bread to be eaten with soup
sirenize to bewitch, allure or enchant
siriasis sunstroke
sisal fibre used for making rope
siserary a scolding; a blow
siskin small finch-like songbird
sistrum thin oval Egyptian percussion instrument shaken in the hand
sisyphean laborious, endless and futile
sitar long-necked Indian plucked string instrument
sitatunga medium-sized east African antelope with elongated hooves
sith since
sitiomania morbid aversion to food
sitiophobia fear of food
sitology dietetics

sitophobia fear of food or eating

13 sad situation skmclasses Bangalore Subhashish Sir
situationism belief that aesthetics and ethics are dependent on the contemporary situation
situative indicating comparison of two things
situla a holy bucket
situs position; normal position of an organ in the body
skald ancient Scandinavian bard
skaw low cape or headland
skean dagger
skeg part of ship connecting the keel with the bottom of the rudderpost
skelder to beg; to swindle; to cheat
skeletogenous producing a skeleton
skelic of, like or pertaining to the skeleton
skellum villain; rascal; scoundrel
skep straw beehive
skerry small rocky island
skeuomorph retained but no longer functional stylistic feature
skewbald bearing patches of white and some other colour
skiagram shadow picture or photograph
skiagraphy telling time by sundial
skiamachy sham fight; shadow boxing
skiascope instrument for measuring eye’s refraction from movement of shadows
skink small north African lizard
skintle to separate and rotate half-dry bricks to permit drying to complete
skippet flat box for protecting documents
skittles rubbish; nonsense
skive to pare or split leather
skoptsy self-castration
skothending rhyme in which final consonant is same but preceding vowel differs
skua large north Atlantic gull
skysail sail above the royal sail
skyscraper triangular sail on a ship above the royal
slade little valley or dell
slangwhang to assail with violent or abusive language
slantindicular slanting; oblique
slate dull dark blue-grey

slatternly – slovenly

Slatternly Characteristic of or befitting a slut or slattern

slavocracy government by slave-owners
Slavophile one who admires the Slavs

sleathy – slovenly

Sloven woman with poor hygiene and low standards of tidiness

sleech slimy mud; a mudflat
sley weaver’s reed
slickenside smooth; polished rock surface produced by friction
slipe skip or sledge
slipslop nonsensical talk
slipway ramp sloping into water for supporting a ship
sloyd Swedish system of teaching manual skills through woodcarving
slug unit of gravitational mass of approximately 32.174 pounds
slugabed one who spends much time in bed due to laziness
slumberous inviting or causing slumber
slummock to move slowly and awkwardly
slurvian speech characterized by slurring
slype covered passage between walls, or between transept and chapterhouse
smallage wild celery
smalt deep blue
smalto piece of coloured glass used in mosaic
smaragdine emerald green
smectic purifying; cleansing
smeddum fine powder; spirit
smegmatic like soap; cleansing
smeuse hole in a hedge or wall
snaffle jointed bit for horses
snallygaster mythical monster of Maryland
snaste burnt part of a candle wick
snath curved handle or shaft of a scythe
sneap to nip; pinch; put down; repress; snub
snell quick; keen; sharp
snell short line used to attach fish-hook to main fishing line
snift to sniff; to blow out steam
snipocracy leading members of the tailoring profession
snobocracy government by snobs
snood ornamental hair band or hair net
snooperscope instrument for viewing infrared radiation
snotty naval midshipman
snye natural channel bypassing rapids or body of river
sobeit provided that; if only
soboliferous bearing shoots or suckers
sobriquet nickname
socage feudal land tenure by fixed service
sociable four-wheeled open carriage with side-seats
sociative indicating association with the subject
sociobiology study of biological basis of human behaviour
sociocracy government by society as a whole
sociogenesis origin of human societies
socius member; associate; companion
socle moulded member at base of pedestal
sodality a fellowship or fraternity
soffit ornamented underside of a stair or archway
soigné well-groomed; sleek
soilure stain; pollution
solacious giving solace
solander box in the form of a book
solarimeter instrument for measuring solar radiation
solarise to expose to sunlight
solarism excessive use of solar myths in explaining mythology
solation liquefaction of a gel
solatium compensation given as solace for suffering or loss
soldatesque soldierlike
solecism a grammatical mistake; a breach of etiquette
soleiform slipper-shaped
solemnsides excessively solemn or serious
solenodon large Caribbean ratlike insectivore with long snout
solenoid cylindrical wire coil acting as a magnet when charged
solfatara volcanic vent emitting only gases
solferino purplish red
solidary marked by solidarity; joint and several
solidum large moulding along base of a pedestal
solidus forward slash
solifidianism doctrine that faith alone will ensure salvation
soliform sun-like; resembling the sun
soligenous produced by the sun
soliloquent speaking in soliloquies; prone to giving soliloquies
soliloquy talking or conversing with oneself; dramatic production of this nature
solipsism theory that self-existence is the only certainty
solisequious following the course of the sun
soliterraneous of, like or pertaining to the joint effect of the sun and earth
solivagant wandering alone
solive joist or beam of secondary importance
solleret armoured shoe made of scales or plates
sollevation insurrection
solmisate to sing; to set to musical notation
solonist wise man
solum ground; soil; piece of ground
solus alone
solvolysis decomposition of dissolved substance
somatasthenia weakness of the body
somatism materialism
somatism materialism
somatogenic caused from within the body or by the cells of the body
somatognosis diagnosis of bodily conditions
somatology science of the properties of matter
somatopsychic concerning a person’s bodily self-image
somatotrophic promoting growth of the body
somedeal somewhat
somewhither to some place; somewhere
sommelier butler; wine steward
somnambulate to walk in one’s sleep
somnial of, like or pertaining to dreams
somniate to dream
somnifacient sleep-inducing
somniferous bearing sleep
somniloquence talking in one’s sleep
somnipathy sleep produced by hypnotism or mesmerism
somnolence sleepiness; drowsiness
somnolescent half-asleep
somnorific causing sleep; soporific
sonance sound; a sounding of an instrument
sondage trial bore or excavation; sounding out of opinion
sondation sounding of the earth by boring
sone unit of loudness on a scale based on subjective or perceived loudness
songket silk woven with gold or silver threads
soniferous producing sound
sonification act of producing sound
sonograph instrument for recording and analysing sound
sonorescent emitting sound under influence of radiation
sooth truth; reality; in truth
soothfast truthful; honest; faithful
soothly in truth; truly
sophianic of, like or pertaining to wisdom
sophic full of wisdom; learned
sophiology science of ideas
sophism deceptive but plausible intellectualism
sophomania delusion that one is incredibly intelligent
sophomoric bombastic
sophrosyne soundness of mind; self-control; moderation
sopite to dull; lull; put to sleep; put an end to
sopitive causing sleep
soporiferous bearing sleep
soporific tending to produce sleep
soporose sleepy
sorbefacient promoting absorption
sorbile able to be sipped or drunk
sord flock of mallard
sordor refuse; foul matter
soricident having teeth like a shrew’s
soricine of, like or pertaining to shrews
sorites string of statements where end of one is subject of next
soroche mountain sickness
sororal of, like or pertaining to sisters
sororicide killing of one’s own sister
sorosis women’s club
sorrel reddish-brown; light chestnut
sortation sorting out
sortilege divination by drawing lots
sortition casting of lots; assignment by casting of lots
soterial of, like or pertaining to salvation
soteriology study of theological salvation
sottisier collection of jokes, quotes, or ridiculous remarks
sottoportico covered passage or alley under the overhanging first floor of a building
soubrette coquettish and intriguing maid; such a role in drama
sough drain; sewer; adit
sough to sigh or murmur as the wind does
sounder herd of pigs; young boar
soupçon hardly perceptible quantity; dash
sourdine muted trumpet
soutache narrow braid used for trimming
soutane priest’s cassock
souteneur prostitute’s pimp or bully
souterrain underground chamber; earth-house
sovenance remembrance; memory
spadassin swordsman; fighter
spadiceous chestnut-coloured
spadiceous shaped like a palm branch
spadix fleshy spike of flowers
spado castrated or impotent person or animal
spagyric alchemical
spagyrist alchemist
spall to splinter or split; to chip
spanandry extreme scarcity of males in a biological population
spancel to hobble
spandrel design in corner of postage stamp
spandrel space between curve of an arch and mouldings
spaniolate to hispanicize
spanker sail on the mast nearest the stern of a square-rigged ship
spansule time-release capsule
spar any ship’s mast, boom, yard, or gaff
sparable small headless shoemakers’ nail
sparagmos ritualized tearing apart of a person prior to rebirth or renewal
sparge to sprinkle with moisture
spargefication act of sprinkling or scattering
spargosis swelling
sparsim here and there
sparver canopy for a bed
spasmatomancy divination by twitching or convulsions of the body
spatangoid kind of sea-urchin
spatchcock to insert into a text inappropriately; to interpolate

spathodea African tulip tree


Tulip mania drawing with monkeys

spatialism doctrine that matter has only spatial, temporal and causal properties
spatialism belief that matter has only spatial, temporal, and causal properties
spatiate to ramble; to saunter
spatilomancy divination by means of feces
spatiography scientific description of outer space
spatiotemporal of, like or pertaining to time and space
spattee protective outer stocking
spatulate shaped like a spatula
spavin hard bony tumour on a horse’s leg
spavined lame; broken down; decrepit
specie coined money
speciesism belief that humans are more important and valuable than other animals
speciocide destruction of an entire species
specious apparently good but not actually so; superficially plausible
spectrofluorimeter instrument for measuring and recording fluorescence spectra
spectrograph instrument for viewing a spectrum
spectroheliograph instrument for taking pictures of the sun
spectroheliokinematograph camera for taking pictures of the sun
spectrohelioscope instrument for viewing solar disc in light of a single wavelength
spectrology study of ghosts
spectrometer instrument measuring wavelengths of light of a spectrum
spectrophobia fear of looking in a mirror
spectrophotometer instrument for measuring speed of different parts of light spectrum
spectroscope instrument for forming spectra by dispersing rays of light
spectroscopy study of spectra
specular mirrorlike; by reflection; visual
speculum mirror; reflector; coloured patch on a bird’s wing
speed prosperity; success
spelaeothem depositional features found in caves
spelean cave-dwelling
speleology study and exploration of caves
speleothem structure in a cave formed by deposition of minerals in water
spelter zinc
speluncar of, like or pertaining to caves
speos ancient Egyptian cave temple
spermatic of, like or pertaining to sperm
spermatogenesis producing sperm
spermatorrhoea frequent and involuntary ejaculation
spermiogenesis producing sperm
spermologer one who gathers seeds
spermology study of seeds
spermophile member of family of seed-loving rodents
spetch piece of undressed leather used in making glue
sphacelate to cause or affect with gangrene or mortification
sphacelated necrosed; dark and shrunken
sphagnicolous living in peat moss
sphagnology study of peat moss
sphairistic tennis-playing
sphecoid wasp-like
sphenic wedge-like
sphenogram cuneiform character
sphenoid wedge-shaped
spheristerion place for exercise in ball-play
spheromancy divination using a crystal ball
spherometer instrument measuring curvature
spheterize to make one’s own; to appropriate
sphingal of, like or pertaining to sphinxes
sphragistic of, like or pertaining to seals and signets
sphragistics study of seals and signets
sphygmic of, like or pertaining to the pulse or heartbeat
sphygmodic pulsating
sphygmograph instrument for recording pulse
sphygmology study of the pulse
sphygmomanometer instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
sphygmometer instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
sphygmophone instrument for hearing the pulse
sphygmoscope instrument for making arterial pulsations visible
sphygmus the pulse
sphyrelaton metalwork done with hammers
spicaceous shaped like a spike
spicate spiked; spikelike
spicigerous bearing spikes
spicula prickle or splinter
spiculate covered in prickles or small spikes
spiculate to sharpen to a point
spider light high-wheeled carriage
spiflicate to destroy; to quell; to confound
spikenard sweetly scented ointment
spile device for tapping sap from maple trees
spiloma birthmark; nevus
spinach nonsense
spinescent developing spines; developing into a spine
spinet keyed instrument like the harpsichord
spiniferous bearing spines
spiniform like a thorn or spine
spinigerous bearing spines
spinnaker large triangular sail opposite the mainsail
spinnbar capable of being drawn into strands
spinneret silk-spinning organ of an insect or spider
spinney copse or small clump of trees
spinosity thorniness
spinthariscope instrument for visually detecting alpha particles
spintherism seeing of sparks before the eyes
spintrian of, like or pertaining to orgies or male sexual deviance
spinulate furnished with small spines
spinuliferous bearing spinules
spiracle breathing hole; orifice; vent
spiraculate having air-holes
spiraliform shaped like a spiral
spiralism advancement through a spirally structured career
spirate voiceless
spiration act of breathing
spiritualism belief that nothing is real except the soul or spirit
spiritualism belief in the existence or importance of spiritual entities
spirketting inside planking between ports and waterways of a ship
spirograph instrument recording movements of breathing
spirometer instrument measuring lung capacity
spirulate spirally arranged
spissated thickened
spissitude density
spiv petty criminal with no regular employment
splanchnic visceral; intestinal
splanchnology study of the entrails or viscera
splat thin strip forming upright middle part of the back of a chair
splenetic marked by bad temper or spite; melancholy
splenial splint-like
splenic of, like or pertaining to the spleen
spleniculus small detached part of the spleen
splenitive fiery; ill-tempered
splenium surgical bandage
spodium bone charcoal; powder obtained from calcination of substances
spodogenous caused by waste matter
spodomancy divination by means of ashes
spokeshave plane or knife used to round spokes
spoliate to despoil; to plunder
spoliative serving to take away or diminish
spondulicks available money; funds
spondyle vertebra
spongology study of sponges
sponsal spousal
sponsalia espousals
sponsion act of becoming surety for another
sponson platform jutting from ship’s deck for gun or wheel
sporicide killing of spores
sporiferous bearing spores
sporogenesis reproduction by means of spores
sporran ornamental pouch worn in front of kilt
sportulary relying on charity or the generosity of patrons
sporulation formation or production of spores
sprachgefühl innate feel for essential character of a language
sprag bar inserted to stop a wheel
spraints otters’ dung
sprauncy smart; dapper
spreagh cattle raid; foray
sprent sprinkled
springald active young man; youth
springbok South African antelope known for leaping
springe snare with noose and spring
springhare South African jumping hare
sprit spar crossing a fore-and-aft sail diagonally
spritsail sail extended by a sprit
spuddle to work feebly or ineffectively; to perform shallow agricultural ploughing
spumescent foamy; frothing
spumid frothy; foamy
spurcidical foul-mouthed; speaking dishonestly or foully
spurcitious foul; filthy; obscene
spuria spurious works
spurion any hypothetical subatomic particle used to facilitate calculations
spurrier one who makes spurs
spurtle Scottish stirring stick for porridge
sputative habitually spitting
sputum matter spat out
squab fat; clumsy; unfledged; newly hatched
squadrism control of government by armed squadrons of loyalists
squaliform shaped like a shark
squaloid of, like or pertaining to sharks
squamate scaly
squamation scaliness
squamiform shaped like a scale
squamoid like a scale
squandermania irrational propensity for spending money wastefully
squarrose having scales sticking out at right angles
squarson clergyman who is also a land-holding squire
squarsonocracy government by landholding clergymen
squassation form of torture involving hanging weights and shaking or whipping victim
squatterarchy government by squatters; squattocracy
squattocracy government by squatters
squill sea-onion
squinancy quinsy
squinch arch across the corner of a room
squintifego squinting greatly
squirage the landed gentry
squirearchy government by squires
squirocracy government by squires; squirearchy
squit silly talk; nonsense; an insignificant person
stabile stationary
stack old unit of measure for firewood equal to 108 cubic feet
stactometer pipette with hollow bulb for counting drops
staddle support for a haystack
stadial of, like or pertaining to a stage
stadiometer instrument for measuring the length of a curved line
staffage decorative accessories or additions to work of art
stagiary law student
stagmometer instrument for measuring number of drops in volume of liquid
stagnicolous living in stagnant water
stalactiform shaped like a stalactite or icicle
stalagmometer instrument for measuring surface tension by drops
stallenger keeper of a stall
staminiferous bearing stamens
stammel coarse woollen fabric, usually dyed red; bright red colour
stampomania obsession with stamp-collecting
stanchion upright beam, bar or support
standpipe vertical pipe for conveying gas or water to a higher level
stang stake; pole
stanhope light open one-seated carriage
stanjant heraldic animal in profile with head towards the viewer
stannary tin-mining district
stanniferous bearing tin
stapediform shaped like a stirrup
staphyline like a bunch of grapes
staphylorrhaphy surgical closure of a cleft palate
starbolins sailors of the starboard watch
starets Eastern Orthodox spiritual advisor
starveling starving, weak, hungry or pining person
stasiarch ringleader in sedition
stasimorphy structural modification by arrested development
stasiology study of political parties
stat immediately
statant heraldic animal standing in profile with all feet on the ground
statics study of bodies and forces in equilibrium
statim immediately; at once
stative indicating a state rather than an action
statocracy government by the state alone, without ecclesiastical influence
statolatry worship of the state
statolith small calcareous stone used by invertebrates to maintain equilibrium
statoscope instrument for measuring small changes in atmospheric pressure
statuary of, pertaining to or suitable for sculpture
statuminate to support; to prop up
statuvolism mesmerism; hypnotism
staurolatry worship of the cross or crucifix
stauroscope instrument for studying structure of crystals with polarised light
stay large rope used to support a mast
staysail fore-and-aft sail hoisted on a stay
steading range of building surrounding a farmhouse
stearin hard fat
steatite soapstone
steatogenous producing fat
steatopygous fat-buttocked
steatorrhoea excretion of fat through the bowels
steen to line with stone
steenbok small South African antelope
steeve angle of elevation in relation to the horizontal
steeve to set a ship’s bowsprit at an upward inclination
steganograph cryptogram
steganographer cryptographer; one who works with ciphers
steganography writing in a secret, hidden, or encoded manner
stegmonth period of recuperation after childbirth
stegnosis constipation
stegophilist one who climbs buildings for sport
stellate star-shaped; starry
stelliferous having many stars
stelliform shaped like a star
stellify to set among the stars
stellion lizard with starry spots
stellular star-like; having star-like spots
stelography practice of writing inscriptions on columns or pillars
stemma scroll; garland; pedigree; family tree
stemmatology study of relationships between texts
stemson supporting timber of a ship
stenometer instrument for measuring distances
stenopaeic with a narrow opening
stenosis narrowing of an orifice
stenotone breve; mark over letter to indicate a short vowel sound
stenotopic able to tolerate only small environmental changes
stentor loud-voiced person
stentorian extremely loud
stephane diadem or coronet worn by soldiers or statues of ancient deities
stepney spare wheel
stercomancy fortune-telling by studying seeds in dung
stercoraceous of, like or pertaining to feces
stercoranism belief that the consecrated Eucharist is digested and evacuated
stercorate to shit
stercoricolous living in dung or filth
stercovorous feeding on dung or excrement
stereobate substructure; foundation; basement
stereochromy colourful wall painting
stereognosis ability to perceive the weight and form of an object
stereography stereoscopic photography
stereometer instrument for measuring specific gravity
stereometry measurement of volumes of solid figures
stereophony reproduction of sound
stereopsis stereoscopic or three-dimensional vision
stereoscope instrument for viewing special three-dimensional photographs
stereotaxis reaction of organism to contact with a solid body
stereotomy cutting of stone or other solid materials
steric of, like or pertaining to the organization of atoms in a molecule
stern back part of a ship
sternpost main member at stern of a ship extending from keel to deck
sternutation sneezing
sternway movement of a ship backwards
sterquilinian of, like or pertaining to a dunghill
stertorous with a snoring sound
stet to restore after marking for deletion
stethometer instrument measuring chest expansion during breathing
stevedorage fee levied for loading and unloading cargo
stevedore dock worker who loads and unloads ships
steven outcry; loud call
sthenia strength
sthenic strong; robust; morbidly active
stibadium semicircular couch
stibial of, like or pertaining to antimony
stibialism antimony poisoning
sticharion vestment like an alb worn by Orthodox priests
sticheron short hymn
stichology metrical theory
stichomancy divination by picking passages from books at random
stichometry numbering or counting lines in books or documents
stichomythia dialogue in alternate lines
stiction frictional force occurring when surfaces set together
stifle joint above the hock of a horse
stigmatic giving infamy, stigma or reproach, marked or branded
stigmatiferous bearing stigma
stigmatophilia obsession with tattooing or branding
stillage frame or stand for keeping things off the floor
stillatim drop by drop
stillatitious issuing in drops; falling in drops
stillatory still; distillery
stillicide drip; eavesdrop
stillion cask stand
stilp to walk with stilts or crutches
stipe a stalk
stipiform shaped like a stalk
stirious shaped like an icicle
stirk yearling ox or cow; pasture for yearlings
stirpiculture selective breeding
stirps branch of a family; pedigree
stithy blacksmith’s forge or anvil
stiver thing of little or no value
stochastic of, like or pertaining to a sequence of random events
stockinette soft elastic cotton fabric
stodge to cram, stuff or gorge with food
stoichiology science of elements of animal tissues
stoichiometry measurement of proportions of chemical reactions
stoicism belief in indifference to pleasure or pain
stokehold ship’s furnace chamber
stole narrow ecclesiastical vestment or scarf
stolisomancy divination by observing how one dresses oneself
stolon runner or shoot from base of a plant
stoloniferous bearing or having runners
stomacher armour for the chest; covering or ornament for the chest area
stomachous resentful; haughty; spirited
stomatiferous having an orifice or mouth
stomatolalia speech produced with clogged nostrils
stomatology study of the mouth
stomp jazz dance featuring heavy stamping of the feet
stonk a heavy concentration of artillery fire
stope steplike excavation in mining
storge natural or parental affection
storiate to decorate with historical designs
storiated decorated with elaborate ornamental designs
storiology study of folk tales
stoss side of a hill facing upstream
stotious drunk
stoup vessel for holding holy water
stover fodder
strabismometer instrument measuring degree of squinting
strabismus squint
strabometer instrument for measuring strabismus in the eyes
strabotomy surgical removal of a squint
stradometrical of, like or pertaining to the measurement of streets and roads
strahl flow of beams of electrons from the sun to earth
strait strict; rigorous; constricted
strake continuous band of plates on side of a ship
strake trough for washing ore
stramineous strawy; light; worthless; straw-coloured
strapontin folding seat in a theatre
strappado form of torture in which victim is left dangling from a rope
strass paste for making false gems
stratarchy rulership over an army
strathspey reel-like Scottish dance of moderate tempo
straticulate composed of parallel strata
stratiform layered; forming a layer
stratigraphy study of geological layers or strata
stratocracy military rule or despotism
stratography art of leading an army
stratonic of an army or armies
stratous in layers
strepent noisy
strephosymbolia visual disorder where letters are mirror image
strepitant loud; noisy; clamorous
strepor noise; clamour
strepsis twisting
stretcher brick placed lengthwise in masonry
striated striped; with fine lines
strickle tool used to sharpen a scythe; template
stridor harsh shrill sound
stridulate to make a chirping or scraping sound
stridulous squeaky
striga flute of a column
strigate bristled; streaked
strigiform shaped like an owl
strigil scraper used to clean the skin after bathing
strigilation scraping
strigine owl-like; of, like or pertaining to owls
stritch straightened alto saxophone
strobic like a spinning top; appearing to spin
stroboscope instrument for studying motion using flashes of light
strombuliferous bearing spirally coiled organs
strombuliform shaped like a spinning top; spirally twisted
strophosis twist; turn
structuralism theory that emphasizes structure or order of ideas to produce meaning
strumpetocracy government by strumpets
struthiform ostrich-like
struthious of, like or pertaining to ostriches
stulm adit; draining-shaft
stultiloquence foolish or senseless talk
stummel bowl and adjacent part of a pipe
stunsail light auxiliary sail to the side of principal sails
stupe medicated cloth used to treat fever
stupefacient narcotic; stupefying
stupent astounded; dumbfounded
stuprate to ravish; to violate; to rape
stupulose downy
stygian having a gloomy or foreboding aspect; murky
styliferous bearing a bristle
styliform shaped like a bristle
stylite monk who spends much time on tops of pillars
stylobate continuous pedestal supporting a row of columns
stylogalmaic of, like or pertaining to figures serving as columns or pillars
stylography mode of writing or engraving with a pen
stylometer instrument for measuring columns
stylometry studying literature by means of statistical analysis
styptic drawing together; astringent
stythe choke-damp
suable that may be sued
suasion persuasion
suaveolent fragrant
suaviloquence pleasing or agreeable speech
sub dio outdoors; in open air
sub rosa secretly; in confidence
subact to work up; to subdue
subaerial in open air
subalary beneath the wings
subaltern ranked quantitatively but not qualitatively; subordinate
subarmale coat worn under armour
subarrhation mode of betrothal where gift given by man to woman
subboreal very cold
subdolous crafty
subduct to withdraw; to take away
subduple in the ratio of one to two
subduplicate expressed by a square root
suberic of or pertaining to cork
suberous of, like or having the appearance of cork; pertaining to cork
subessive indicating location under or below
subfocal of which one is only dimly aware
subfusc dusky; sombre
subhastation sale by public auction
subindicate to hind
subinfeudate to grant to another land held by another feudal lord
subintelligitur implication understood though not stated
subitaneous sudden; hasty; hastily made
subitize to perceive number of items in a group without counting
subito at once; immediately
subjacent underlying
subjectivism doctrine that all knowledge is subjective
subjoin to add at the end or afterwards
sublate to deny; to contradict; to resolve a contradiction
sublative indicating movement towards the top of
sublineation act of underlining
sublunary under the moon; of this world; earthly; terrestrial
subluxation state of being almost dislocated
subnascent growing up from beneath
subniveal under snow
subnubilar under clouds
suborn to bribe or procure to commit an unlawful act
subreptary adapted to crawling
subreption misrepresentation; false deduction
subrident smiling
subrogate to substitute
subsecive remaining over; spare
subserve to be useful to; to promote
subsidiarity state of being subsidiary; secondary importance
subsolar beneath the sun; between the tropics
substantialism belief that there is a real existence underlying phenomena
substitutionalism theory that memory substitutes for independent reality of past experience
substractor detractor
substratose imperfectly stratified
substruct to build beneath; to lay as a foundation
subsultive moving by leaps and starts; twitching
subsultus convulsive movement
subtend to be opposite to or to extend under
subternatural less than natural
subtopia suburbs of a city
subtrist somewhat sad
subtrude to push in stealthily
subturbary beneath turf
subulate awl-shaped
subungual beneath a nail or hoof
suburbicarian of, like or pertaining to suburbs
subvention granting of money in aid
succedaneous serving as a substitute
succedaneum substitute; remedy
succentor bass soloist in a choir
succenturiate to supply what is lacking; to supplement
succiduous ready to fall; in the process of falling; tottering
succiferous bearing or producing sap
succinctorium band or scarf worn from the Pope’s girdle
succinic of, pertaining to or derived from amber
succiniferous bearing or producing amber
succise appearing to have the lower part cut off
succorrhoea excessive secretion
succour to aid in distress
succubus female devil who seduces men and copulates with them in their sleep
succursal subsidiary; branch or subsidiary establishment
succus juice extracted from plant
succuss to shake up
sucrier table vessel for sugar
suctorial designed for sucking or adhering
sudarium cloth for wiping away sweat
sudation sweating
sudatory inducing sweat
sudd mass of floating weed blocking the Nile River
sudiform shaped like a stake
sudor sweat
sudoral sweaty
sudoriferous inducing or secreting sweat
sudorific causing sweat
sudoriparous secreting sweat
sudorous sweaty
suede light beige
suffibulum veil worn by vestal virgins prior to their sacrifice
suffisance sufficiency; satisfaction; enjoyment
sufflaminate to check; to obstruct; to block
sufflate to inflate
suffragan assistant bishop
suffrutescent having a woody base
sugent designed for sucking
sugillate to beat until black and blue
suicidology study of suicide
suidian of, like or pertaining to pigs
suilline like a pig; of, like or pertaining to pigs or hogs
suine mixture of margarine and lard
suint dried sheep perspiration
sulcal of a sulcus; grooved; furrowed
sulcalize to furrow
sulcate with grooves or furrows
sulciform having the shape of a groove
sulcus groove, furrow or fissure
sulky light two-wheeled, one-person horse-drawn carriage
sullage filth; refuse; sewage; scum; silt
sulphorous of, like or pertaining to hellfire; infernal; blasphemous
sulphureous bright yellow
summa comprehensive treatise
summate to add together
sumpsimus correct expression that replaces popular but wrong one
sumpter pack horse; beast of burden
sumptuary of, like or pertaining to expense or extravagance
sunbittern brightly coloured South American bird
sundog bright spot or halo appearing on either side of sun; parhelion
suni dwarfed southern African antelope
supellex furnishings; apparatus for an experiment
superannuate to discharge as being too old
superbiloquence arrogant or proud speech
supercalender to give a high polish to
supercargo ship’s official in charge of business affairs
supercherie deception; hoax; fraud
superciliary of, on or near the eyebrow
supercilious disdainfully superior; overbearing
supercrescent parasitic
supererogation doing more than needed to complete a task
superessive indicating location upon or on top of
superfetate to conceive during pregnancy
superfetation superabundant production or accumulation
superficies surface layer; surface with length and width only
superfuse to pour over
superhumeral ecclesiastical garment worn over the shoulders
superincumbent resting on top; overlying; overhanging
superinduce to bring as addition
superjacent lying above
superjection exaggeration; hyperbole
superlunary otherworldly; above the moon
supermanism theory that emphasizes the qualities of the ‘superman’ above mere humanity
supernal on high; celestial; exalted
supernatant floating on the surface
supernumerary above the stated, usual or necessary number
superscribe to write at the top or at the head
supersensible beyond physical perception; spiritual
supersensualism doctrine that emphasizes qualities above those perceptible by the senses
supersolid magnitude of more than three dimensions
supervenient extraneous, additional or unexpected
supeter armour for the feet
supinate to lie on one’s back; to make to lie on the back
supine lying flat on the back
suppalpation coaxing; wheedling
suppedaneum support under foot of crucified person
suppletion addition; supplement
suppliant supplicating; entreating
suppositious conjectural; hypothetical
suppurate to discharge pus
supra above; earlier in a text
supraliminal conscious
supralunar beyond the moon; very lofty
suq Middle Eastern marketplace
surah soft twilled silk or rayon
sural of, like or pertaining to the calf of the leg
surbate to bruise from walking; to make footsore
surcease to stop or cease
surcingle girth or strap for holding saddle to animal’s back
surcoat garment worn over armour bearing a heraldic device
surculation pruning; cutting off shoots to propagate them
surculigerous producing suckers
surculose having or producing suckers
surd deaf; senseless
surd irrational number
surdimutism state of being both deaf and dumb
surdomute deaf-mute
suretyship responsibility assumed by one person on another’s behalf
surexcitation excessive excitedness
surfactant substance which reduces surface tension
surfeit excess; state of being full
surficial of, like or pertaining to the surface of the earth
surnominal of, like or pertaining to surnames
surplice loose-fitting ankle length overgarment worn by clerics
surquedry arrogance
surrey light four-wheeled carriage with two seats
suscept host of a parasite
suscipient recipient of a sacrament
suscitate to excite; to rouse
suspercollate to hang
suspiration sighing
sussultatory characterized by large up-and-down vibrations
sustentacular supporting
sustentative sustaining
susurrate to whisper
susurrus murmuring; whisper; rustling
sutile accomplished by stitching or sewing
sutler one who sells liquor or provisions to soldiers
sutor cobbler
sutorian of, like or pertaining to cobbling or sewing
svedberg unit of time used to measure sedimentation velocity
swag looping hanging down bit of fabric over a window or door
swage groove; grooved shaping tool
swale marshy hollow or depression; meadow
swallet place where water disappears underground
swansdown heavy napped cotton flannel
swanskin soft napped fabric resembling flannel
swape beam with which water is raised to irrigation ditches
sward a portion of land covered with grass
swarf grit from an axle; stone or metal filings
swasivious agreeably persuasive
sweven vision seen in sleep; a dream

swinish – 1. befitting or resembling swine; coarse; hoggish: “Your sister’s table manners are so swinish, I was beginning to wonder if she had ever seen a

fork before.”

2. brutish or bestial in behavior or appearance; “Never let someone tell you a people or culture is swinish — they just haven’t looked close enough.”

adverb form: swinishly
noun form: swinishness
Approximately 1200; from Middle English ‘swinisse’ (‘swine’ + ‘isse’: suffix ‘ish’); ‘swine’ from Middle English ‘swein’; from Old English, ‘swin’: pig or

hog; a combination of Old German, ‘swin’ (modern German ‘schwein’) + Middle Dutch, ‘swijn’ (modern Dutch ‘zwijn’) + Old Icelandic, ‘svin’ (current

Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish ‘svin’) and Gothic, ‘swein’.

swingometer instrument for measuring swing in votes during an election
swink to toil; to labour
swipple striking part of a flail
swissing ordinary calendering of cloth
swith instantly; quickly
swive to enjoy conjugal intimacy with a female personage; to fuck a chick
swoopstake in an indiscriminate manner
sybaritic devoted to luxury
sybil female prophet; hag; witch
sybilline like an oracle or prophet; mysterious
sybotic of, like or pertaining to a swineherd
sycomancy divination using fig leaves
sycosis inflammation of the hair follicles or beard
syllabatim syllable by syllable
syllabub anything frothy or insubstantial
syllepsis figure where word related to two others differently
syllogism argument in which two premises lead to a logical conclusion
sylph airy female spirit or fairy-creature; slim girl
sylvatic belonging to or found in woods
sylvestral of, like or pertaining to trees
sylviculture forestry

symbiosis – 1. (as in Biology) prolonged associations between organisms of different species living together but not necessarily in a relationship

beneficial to each

2. an interdependent or mutually beneficial relationship between two people or groups: “He worked with his understudy for several months in a productive

symbiosis, teaching and a encouraging in exchange for assistance with the heavy equipment necessary for his work.”

adjective forms: symbiotic, symbiotical
adverb form: symbiotically
Approximately 1877; New Latin; derived from Greek, ‘sumbiosis’: companionship, from ‘sumbios’: living together (‘sym’: together + ‘bios’: life).

symblepharon adhesion of the eyelid to the eyeball
symbolaeography drawing up of legal documents
symbolatry undue worship of symbols
symbolography writing of symbols or figures
symbology study of symbols

symmachy fighting jointly against a common enemy
symmetrophobia fear of symmetry
symmography string art
sympatric occupying the same regions but not interbreeding
symphilism the state of being in a symbiotic relationship
symphily living together for mutual benefit
symphonia old name for the hurdy-gurdy or other musical instruments
symphoric accident-prone
sympiesometer instrument for measuring pressure of a current
symploce repetition of word at start of one and end of next clause
symposiarch leader of a conference
symposiast participant at a conference
symptomatography description of symptoms
symptomatology study of symptoms of illness
symptosis emaciation
synaeresis running together of vowels into a diphthong
synaesthesia confusion of one sensation with another
synaesthesis harmony of differing impulses from a work of art
synallagmatic mutually or reciprocally obligatory; bilateral
synaloepha contraction of two syllables into one by omitting a vowel
synanthy growing together of two flowers
synaphea metrical continuity between verses in a system
synaposematism warning coloration common to many species in region
synarchy joint sovereignty
synartesis close junction
synastry comparison of horoscopes of two or more people
synaxarion account of a saint’s life
syncategorematic meaningless or unable to form a term without other words
synchoresis concession made for the sake of more effective retort
synchroscope instrument for detecting whether two moving parts are synchronized
synchysis confusion of meaning due to unusual arrangement
synclastic curved in all directions towards a single point
syncline downward fold in geology
syncope omission of a sound from middle of a word
syncrasy combination
syncretism combination of different religious beliefs
syncrisis comparison of diverse or contradictory things
syndactylic with digits joined together
syndetic connective
syndeton phrase whose parts are joined by a conjunction
syndicalism doctrine of direct worker control of capital
syndyasmian marked by a loose temporary pair-bonding or one-night stand
synecdoche part used to refer to whole or vice versa
synecdochial broadened or narrowed in interpretation
synechiology continuity or union of all things
synechthry cohabitation of hostile species
synecology study of ecological communities
synectics study of processes of invention
synedrion judicial assembly
syneidesis conscience as passing judgement on past acts
synergism belief that human will and divine spirit cooperate in salvation
synergy combined action of two or more forces
synesis syntax having regard to meaning rather than form
syngamy free interbreeding between organisms
syngenesis sexual reproduction
syngraph writing or contract signed by both or all parties
synizesis movement of one part causing movement in another part
synod ecclesiastical assembly or council
synodical of, like or pertaining to conjunction
synoeciosis rhetorical figure of coupling opposites
synoecism uniting of several towns under a single capital city
synoecize to unite in one community or city-state
synoecy association of species with benefit to one species only
synonymicon thesaurus
synoptic of or giving a synopsis or summary
synorthographic spelled in the same way
synsemantic of a word, having no meaning outside a specific context
syntagm organized body, system or group
syntectic having the quality of melting or dissolving
synteresis conscience as guide to action; intuitive moral knowledge
syntexis liquefaction; melting; wasting
synthronus joint throne for an Orthodox bishop and his presbyters
syntomy brevity; conciseness
syntrierarch an ancient Greek citizen charged with equipping a trireme
syphilology study of syphilis
syphilomania pathological belief that one is afflicted with syphilis
syphilophobia fear of syphilis
syringadenous of, like or pertaining to sweat glands
syrinx rock-cut tunnel; pan pipes
syrt quicksand
syrtic of, like or pertaining to quicksand
syssitia ancient Greek custom of eating chief meal together in public
systaltic alternately contracting and dilating; pulsating
systatic bringing together
systematology study of systems
systyle having columns separated by a distance of twice their thickness
syzygy alignment of three or more celestial bodies

sacrosanct – (adj.) holy, something that should not be criticized (In the United States, the Constitution is often thought of as a sacrosanct document.)

sagacity (n.) shrewdness, soundness of perspective ( With remarkable sagacity, the wise old man predicted and thwarted his children’s plan to ship him off to a nursing home.)

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Sagacity is at


salient – (adj.) significant, conspicuous (One of the salient differences between Alison and Nancy is that Alison is a foot taller.)

(adj.) giving a hypocritical appearance of piety (The sanctimonious Bertrand delivered stern lectures on the Ten Commandments to anyone who would

listen, but thought nothing of stealing cars to make some cash on the side.)
The sanctimonious person sounds like a hypocrite when he preaches to a friend about the evils of drugs, while he drinks one beer after another.

Sanctimonious is a twist on the words sanctity and sacred, which mean holy or religious. A sanctimonious person might think he’s holy, but their attitude

comes across more like “holier-than-thou.” Though sanctimonious people might try to act like saints, their actions are far from pure or holy, which just

makes them sound like hypocrites.

(adj.) optimistic, cheery (Polly reacted to any bad news with a sanguine smile and the chirpy cry, “When life hands you lemons, make lemonade!”)
If you’re sanguine about a situation, that means you’re optimistic that everything’s going to work out fine.

Sanguine is from Latin sanguis “blood” and originally meant “bloody” — in medieval medicine it described someone whose ruddy complexion was a sign of an

optimistic outlook. That was back when people thought that “bodily humors” like blood were responsible for your attitudes. Now that we no longer believe in

humors, sanguine has settled down as a fancy way to say someone is cheerfully confident. Experts are frequently described as feeling sanguine about a

political or economic situation — or not sanguine, if they think we’re going to hell in a handbasket.

(adj.) vulgar, coarse (When Bruno heard the scurrilous accusation being made about him, he could not believe it because he always tried to be nice to


If something is scurrilous, it’s meant to offend. Scurrilous rumors can give you a bad rep, and scurrilous stories sell tabloid magazines.

If something is scurrilous, it doesn’t necessarily mean it isn’t true: that celebrity may well be pregnant, on drugs, or getting divorced — or possibly all

three — but it does suggest a certain indifference to the truth on the part of the person being scurrilous.

semaphore –

A semaphore is a gadget used for conveying signals. Semaphores have either lights or mechanical arms that move.

The word semaphore is related to a Greek word meaning “signal,” and that’s exactly the purpose of semaphores: they give signals. The place you’re most

likely to have seen a semaphore is a railroad crossing: the gadget with moving arms is a semaphore. Some semaphores have mechanical arms, while others just

use lights to communicate. A semaphore system can also use flags. In all cases, semaphores give visual signals that communicate something important,

especially to people traveling.

(n.) luck, finding good things without looking for them (In an amazing bit of serendipity, penniless Paula found a $20 bill in the subway station.)

(adj.) subservient (The servile porter crept around the hotel lobby, bowing and quaking before the guests.)

Slubberdegullion – a dirty rascal; scoundrel; wretch. This seventeenth-century coinage even sounds nasty; the word’s probable history backs it up. Slubber,

an English dialectal word, means “stain” or “sully,” and most likely comes from an obsolete Dutch word meaning “to walk through mud or mire.”

sobriety –

Sobriety is the state of being sober, which can mean either not intoxicated or being solemn. If he takes a drink, an alcoholic ends a stretch of sobriety.

You might note sobriety in the stands when your team is losing.

When thinking about sobriety, think about the Puritans, and the way they kept the Sabbath. For them, even laughing on a Sunday was seen as an excessive

display. Known for sobriety, they preferred a day marked by prayer and contemplation. It goes without saying that they frowned upon the consumption of any

form of alcohol––favoring sobriety of both kinds.

(adj.) concerned, attentive (Jim, laid up in bed with a nasty virus, enjoyed the solicitous attentions of his mother, who brought him soup and extra


When you hear the word solicitous, think of your mom — attentive, caring and concerned. It’s nice when your waiter gives you good service, but if he or she

is solicitous, the hovering might annoy you.

Solicitous comes from the Latin roots sollus “entire” and citus “set in motion.” If someone is solicitous, they are entirely set in motion caring for you.

Your neighbors are solicitous if they try to help your family out all the time. Use this word too if you’re eager to do something. A good student will be

solicitous to appear interested in what the teacher says — even when it’s not that interesting.

(adj.) believing that oneself is all that exists (Colette’s solipsistic attitude completely ignored the plight of the homeless people on the street.)
solipsism –

Solipsism is the philosophical theory that what’s in your mind is the only reality that can be known and verified.

Solipsism comes from the Latin words for alone (sol) and self (ipse), and means that only the self is real. In metaphysical solipsism, your mind is the

only thing that’s real, and everything else is just a representation. In epistemological solipsism, there might be a world outside your mind, which you

could detect with your senses, but it’s impossible to prove. In methodological solipsism the self is the only proper starting point for exploring the

nature of reality.

(adj.) sleepy, drowsy (The somnolent student kept falling asleep and waking up with a jerk.)

(adj.) false but designed to seem plausible (Using a spurious argument, John convinced the others that he had won the board game on a technicality.)

(adj.) sedate, serious, self-restrained (The staid butler never changed his expression no matter what happened.)
Something that is staid is dignified, respectable — possibly even boring, like a staid dinner party that is heavy on the important guests but light on the


Staid is pronounced just like “stayed” — in fact, it comes from stay, meaning “fixed” or “permanent.” Something that is staid is sedate, slightly dull, and

tends to stay the same. Whether it’s a middle-class lifestyle, a conservative law firm, your unadventurous aunt, or an old navy plaid sofa, the word staid

can be used to describe anything that maintains a respectable self-restraint and takes no chances.

Spanghew – to throw violently into the air; especially, to throw (a frog) into the air from the end of a stick. Although it originally involved an unsavory

pastime in which sticks were used to hurl frogs into the air, this word has had other meanings as well. For example, one 19th century report refers to a

particular horse’s insistence on “spang–hewing” its riders.

(adj.) expressing little sensibility, unemotional (Charles’s stolid reaction to his wife’s funeral differed from the passion he showed at the time of

her death.)
A stolid person can’t be moved to smile or show much sign of life, in much the same way as something solid, like a giant boulder, is immovable. Both are


It’s hard to get excited about the word stolid. It refers to emotionless people or things, and it even sounds pretty dull. Your face may be stolid, as you

plod through the unemotional history of the word born in the 17th century of little more than Latin words for “foolish.” In some definitions, stolid does

have more complimentary synonyms, such as “dependable” or “calm,” but these can be overshadowed by other words for stolid — “empty,” “blank,” and “vacant,”

to name a few.

(v.) to astonish, make insensible (Veronica’s audacity and ungratefulness stupefied her best friend, Heather.)

Succubus – a demon assuming female form in order to have sexual intercourse with men in their sleep. A succubus is the female version of an incubus – a

demon in male form who has sexual intercourse with sleeping females.

Originating in medieval European folklore, with similar beings in many cultures, succubi appear in modern fiction, video games, and South Park.

As a more practical insult, the word is also used figuratively, as in this Jezebel.com headline: “This Week In Tabloids: Courtney the Evil Succubus

Maneater Will Devour Bachelor Ben.”

(n.) an overabundant supply or indulgence (After partaking of the surfeit of tacos and tamales at the All-You-Can-Eat Taco Tamale Lunch Special, Beth

felt rather sick.)
Steve baked a surfeit of jam tarts. Steve ate a surfeit of jam tarts. Steve surfeited himself on jam tarts. Whether surfeit is a noun or a verb (as in

“overabundance” or “gorge”), Steve is likely to end up with a bellyache.

“Overabundance,” “glut,” “gorge,” and “cloy”: these are all synonyms for surfeit, and they all convey a sense of too-much-ness, as does the Old French root

of the word — surfaire, “to overdo.” When it is used in reference to food or eating, surfeit tends to suggest indulging to the point of sickness or

disgust. In other contexts, though, the meaning is not necessarily negative: “A surfeit of kindness,” for example, would hardly be a bad thing.

(v.) to infer with little evidence (After speaking to only one of the students, the teacher was able to surmise what had caused the fight.)

(adj.) stealthy (The surreptitious CIA agents were able to get in and out of the house without anyone noticing.)
When someone behaves in a surreptitious way, they’re being secretive. They’re doing something that they don’t want to be seen doing.

While surreptitious means secret, it has the added sense of “sneaky” or “hidden.” During the Jewish Passover meal of Seder, an adult will surreptitiously place a piece of matzoh somewhere in the house for the children to hunt for later in the meal. You’ll see surreptitious applied mostly to actions, rather than to things or ideas. We do things surreptitiously. The members of the secret society hold surreptitious meetings because, well, they’re a secret society. I was very surreptitious in how I organized the surprise party: she never knew!

swarthy – Swarthy means dark skinned. If you like tall, dark and handsome men, you find a swarthy complexion attractive.

Not everyone with dark skin is swarthy. The word is usually used to describe someone whose skin is weather beaten and darkened by the sun, or has an olive complexion. But the famous 19th-century American poet Walt Whitman, who was of English and Dutch stock, seemed to be describing himself in his poem “Behold

This Swarthy Face,” so swarthy may be in the eyes of the beholder.

sycophant – (n.) one who flatters for self-gain (Some see the people in the cabinet as the president’s closest advisors, but others see them as sycophants.)