Words starting with ” r ” for SAT, GRE, GMAT, CAT skmclasses Bangalore

Rabelaisian – eponym: marked by gross robust humor or extravagant caricature

Rabelaisian marked by gross robust humor extravagant caricature

Rabelaisian – coarsely hilarious

Rabelaisian 2

Short story describing the meaning of the word Rabelaisian is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/rabelaisian-marked-by-gross-robust-humor-or-extravagant-caricature/

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Rachmanism Unscrupulous behavior by landlords

Rachmanism – eponym: unscrupulous behavior by landlords

 

Rachmanism 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Rachmanism is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/rachmanism-unscrupulous-behavior-by-landlords/

Racket [verb] – to make or move with a loud distressing noise (also, to lead an active social life)

Racket 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Racket is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/racket-to-make-or-move-with-a-loud-distressing-noise/

racklettes – the skin’s small, thin wrinkle-lines at a joint, as at the wrist [according to one source]

Radfahrer one who flatters superiors and brow-beats subordinates

Radfahrer – German colloquial: one who flatters superiors and brow-beats subordinates

Radfahrer 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Radfahrer is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/radfahrer-german-colloquial-one-who-flatters-superiors-and-brow-beats-subordinates/


Raffles – eponym: a ‘gentleman thief’; an educated or upper-class man who engages in discreet larceny [  perhaps it also means one who thus steals from the upper class?]

Raffles 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Raffles is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/raffles-a-gentleman-thief-an-educated-or-upperclass-man-who-engages-in-discreet-larceny/

Rag, tag, and bobtail – the rabble

Rageaholic – person prone to extreme, frequent, unprovoked outbursts of rage

Rageaholic Woman prone to extreme frequent unprovoked outbursts of rage

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Rageaholic is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/rageaholic-woman-prone-to-extreme-frequent-unprovoked-outbursts-of-rage/

Rageaholic 2

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Raglan – eponym: an overcoat or other garment with the sleeve going right up to the neck, so that there is no shoulder seam [pictured here and here]

Raillery – good-humored banter or teasing repartee; jesting language

Raillery Good humored banter jesting language

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Raillery is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/raillery-good-humored-banter-or-teasing-repartee-jesting-language/

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Rain check – an assurance that an offer, not accepted now, will be repeated later (esp., a seller’s commitment to sell an out-of-stock item at the advertised price as soon as it becomes available) So says the dictionary. But I would suggest that the term more generally means (without regard to any “offer”) “a deferral”.

Short Story describing the meaning of the word ” Rain Check ” is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/rain-check-an-assurance-that-an-offer-not-accepted-now-will-be-repeated-later/

Rain check 2

raison d’etre (or raison d’être) – reason or justification for existing

raked – slanted; oblique; coming in at an angle

rambunctious – noisy, boisterous and disorderly

Ramp – a vegetable resembling broad-leaved scallion, with strong garlicky-onion flavor

Rampallian – a ruffian, villain, scoundrel

Rampallian a ruffian villain scoundrel woman

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rampant – heraldry: rearing on hind legs with forelegs extended. See dormant, guardant, saliant for other heraldic terms.

Rampasture – a room in which several unmarried men reside, usually in a boarding house or inn

Rampasture a room in which several unmarried men reside

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rampick – (of a tree or bough) partly decayed or dead; bare of leaves or twigs (obs. except dial.)

rampike – a standing dead tree or tree stump, esp. one killed by fire

ranchero – a ranch owner; a rancher

random walk – a sequence of steps in which the characteristics (direction; size) of each step is randomly determined. random walk theory – the view that past movement or direction of a stock’s price cannot be used to predict its future movement

Ranine – froglike

Ranine woman jumping around like frogs

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Ranine is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/ranine-woman-who-acts-like-a-frog/

Rantallion – Grose’s Dictionary: “one whose scrotum is so relaxed as to be longer than his penis, i.e. whose shot pouch is longer than the barrel of his piece.” (See here.)

Rapacious – aggressively greedy; grasping [Latin rapere to snatch]

Rapacious aggressively greedy grasping woman

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raphe – the seamlike union of two halves of a body organ (as the tongue)

Rapscallionry – the quality of being a rapscallion – a mischievous person; a rascal; a ne’er-do well

Rapscallionry the quality of being a rapscallion mischievous Woman a rascal a ne’er-do well

Rara avis – a rare or unique person or thing. [Latin for ‘rare bird’; plural rara avises or rarae aves.]

rariora – rare collectors’-items

rasorial – given to scratching the ground for food, as chickens do. akin to ‘razor’ (see risorial)

rass – Jamaican slang (coarse): the buttocks; also, a term of contempt

rathskeller – a beer hall or restaurant in a basement

ratiocinate – to reason methodically and logically

rattlepated – rattle-headed; lacking sense or discretion

raven; ravin – verb: to devour voraciously (as in “preying upon”), or to have such an appetite: Beasts … ravening for blood and slaughter (noun: voracity; gluttony)

reactionary – an extreme conservative; one opposed of progress or liberalism (also as an adjective)

reaganomics – the economic policies of President Reagan, esp. those of promoting the unrestricted action of free-market forces in commerce and reducing the taxation of earnings from investment

realpolitik – political realism or practical politics, esp. policy based on power rather than on ideals

rebarbative – repellently irritating

rebus – a puzzle in which words are represented by combinations of pictures and letters

recalcitrant – stubbornly, defiantly resistant to authority or guidance. Figuratively, “kicking like a mule”. From re- “back” + Latin calcitrare ” to kick” from calx “heel.”

recreant – 1. abjectly cowardly 2. disloyal (noun: a recreant person)

rectitude – moral uprightness; righteousness (rectitude is not an entirely complimentary term)

recuse – to disqualify (as a judge) from participation in a decision on grounds such as prejudice or personal involvement

red cent – insignificant value – “not worth a red cent” (informal)

red herring – something intended to divert attention from the real problem or matter at hand

red state or blue state – U.S. states which predominantly vote for the Republican party (red) or the Democratic party (blue) respectively, esp. in presidential elections

red tide – brownish-red discoloration in seawater, due to proliferation of certain plankton. toxic

redingote –
● for men: a long double-breasted topcoat with full skirt. [  I believe this can be for women too.]
● for women: a full-length coat or dress open down the front to show a dress or underdress

red-letter day (etymology) – originates with the tradition of marking holy days in a church calendar in red

red-pencil – to censor, cut, revise, or correct with or as if with a red pencil

red-top – a UK newspaper that concentrates on sensational news; they are so called because their mastheads are printed in red ink

reduplicative – linguistics (noun): a word formed by “doubling” an element, as hanky-panky

redux – brought back, returned to (used after the word it modifies)

reest – to smoke or cure either meat or fish

reeve – a steward appointed by a landowner to superintend his estates, tenants, or workmen

reflexive – directed back on itself (grammar – “herself” is reflexive in the sentence She dressed herself.)

refulgent – shining radiantly; brilliant; resplendent

regardful – mindful of; heedful (word has a sense of respect and deference) (contrast the familiar word regardless)

regolith – the loose rock on the surface, resting on bedrock

reify – to make or treat something abstract as real

remora – a certain fish, with a sucking disk it uses to attach itself to a ship or to a shark, whale, etc.

remplissage – padding a literary or musical work [not in OED; in Mrs. Bryne and some other private dictionaries. Fr. remplir to fill up]

rendition – the surrender of a person, as for interrogation

rentier – a person living on income from property or investments

repechage (or repêchage) – a trial heat (esp. in rowing) where competitors who have lost a heat get another chance to qualify for the semifinals or finals

repine – 1. to feel or express discontent 2. to long for something

replete – filled or well-supplied, esp. with food

repoussé – used esp. of decorative metalwork: with raised patterns formed by hammering or pressing into the reverse side

reptilian – cold-bloodedly treacherous (also, of course, relating to or resembling reptiles)

resile – to draw back from, lit. or fig. (as from a contract; from a stretching/compression/impact; from a position)

ret – to soak (flax, for example) so as to separate the fibers [cognate with to rot]

retail politics – politics at the one-on-one or small group level, not the mass-media level

retiary – of or like nets or netmaking

reticulum – one of four parts of a cow’s stomach; see abomasum

retrocopulant – retrogenerative (see below)

retrogenerative – copulating from behind

retrogression – going back to a less advanced state or stage

retromingent – urinating backwards

revanchism – the policy of a nation to aggressively regain territories that have been lost

revenge googling – one source claims: online dissing of a former beau after a relationship gone bad

rhadamanthine – rigorously and uncompromisingly just

rheum – a watery discharge from the eyes or nose [among other meanings]

rhizome – see geophyte

rhopalic – a “growing” verse, sentence, or series of words, with each item longer than the one before (typically one element longer)

rhotacism – mispronunciation or overuse of sound [r] (underuse of it is pararhotacism)

rhumb; rhumb line – the path of a ship or plane that maintains an unchanging compass direction. Also called a loxodrome.

rhymester – a poor and petty poet

rhytiscopia – a neurotic preoccupation with facial wrinkles

riant – cheerful; mirthful

Riant cheerful mirthful Man

ribbing (knitting) – formed by alternating knit and purl stitches in a steady pattern; a springier fabric; works well for cuffs, necklines and hemlines.

rick – a stack of hay, corn, or straw [among other meanings]

rickroll – to lead an internet user to a web page containing a music video of “Never Gonna Give You Up”, by Rick Astley (I am not making this up!)

riddle – a large coarse sieve, as for separating, sand from gravel, ashes from cinders, etc. [akin to the sense of ‘riddled’ meaning ‘having many holes or

faults’, as a corpse riddled with bullets. unrelated to the sense of riddle as ‘conundrum’.]

rigmarole or rigamarole – a long and complicated and confusing procedure

rime – [adj: rimy] a coating of ice (or a like coating of something else)

ring – the circle above the vowel, as in ÅåŮů

ring of fire – an extensive zone of volcanic and seismic activity that coincides roughly with the borders of the Pacific Ocean

ringer – one who, entering a competition, conceals or fraudulently represents his high level of qualification. [from US horseracing: a horse of better

class entered fraudulently into a race for those of lower class]

riparian – relating to riverbanks (although often mis-used to include littoral)

riposte – a quick clever reply

riprap – loose stone used to stabilize a riverbank, or for like purposes (illustration)

risible – provoking laughter

Risorial – pertaining to laughter (akin to ‘risible’ and to Fr rire to laugh) (see rasorial)

Ritzy (eponym) – elegant; fancy

Ritzy elegant fancy

riverine – relating to riverbanks

RN – Rearendis Numbicitis (motorcycle riding malady) <wink>

roadomancy – divination by stars [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

roborant – a strengthening, restoring drug; a tonic (adj: restoring vigor or strength). roberate: to strengthen; to corroborate

rodomontade; rhodomontade – eponym: bragging speech; vain boasting or bluster

roister – to celebrate noisily and boisterously

roman à clef – [romahn-a-KLAY] a novel using actual persons/events disguised as fiction [plural romans à clef]

Romeo – eponym: a lover, a passionate admirer; a seducer, a habitual pursuer of women

Statue of Romeo

rondeau – 1. a musical form, often ending a sonata (synonym rondel) 2. a poetry form, 10 or 13 lines, two rhymes throughout, with the opening phrase repeated twice as a refrain

rood – a crucifix symbolizing the cross on which Jesus died (esp. a large one in a medieval church, above the rood screen or rood beam) [The term is also used as an old unit of measure.]

roorback (or roorbach) – eponym: a defamatory lie, put out to smear a politician

root – Australian slang: synonymous with the word f*ck

roque – a variation of croquet played with short-handled mallets on a hard court that is bounded by a concrete wall against which a ball may rebound and be retrieved

roquelaure – eponym: a knee-length cloak with bright silk lining and fur trim, worn by 18c European men

roquet – croquet: the act of hitting another player’s ball with one’s own

Roscian – eponym: an eminent actor (or actress); also adj.

roseate – overly optimistic; “viewing the world through rose-colored glasses”

Rosetta Stone – toponym: a key to some previously unattainable understanding

Rosie the Riveter – eponym: U.S.: a woman industrial worker during WWII

Rosinante – eponym: an old, decrepit horse

rouched – see ruched

round-heels – 1. of a woman: of easy virtue 2. of a pugilist (that is, a boxer): having a glass jaw

rubberado – a mythical creature, with rubbery flesh, which travels by bouncing from one spot to the next, laughing each time it lands. Its flesh is difficult to eat, as the teeth cannot get a grip, and if you do eat it you can expect to bounce and laugh for the next several days. <wink>

rube goldberg – eponym: doing by complicated means what could be done simply

rubenesque – eponym: plump or fleshy and voluptuous (said of a woman)

rubicon – a line which, one that when crossed, marks an irrevocable commitment person to a dangerous enterprise

rubric – 1. a part of a book, such as a title, heading, or initial letter, set in decorative red lettering or otherwise distinguished from the rest of the

text. Presumably this is the source for: 2a. a title; a name; b. a class or category

rubricate – to mark in red. (also, religion: to place in the calendar as a red-letter saint)

ruched or rouched – women’s clothing: having prominent pleating, as a decorative feature

ruly – neat and tidy (contrast the familiar word unruly)

rumbustious – uncontrollably exuberant; unruly

rumen – one of four parts of a cow’s stomach; see abomasum

ruminate – 1. to think deeply about something 2. to chew the cud

runagate – a runaway, outcast or fugitive

runnel – rivulet or brook; or a narrow channel or course, as for water. runnels – the grooves on a carving board, which channel the juices of the meat

raad electric catfish
rabanna raffia fabric of Madagascar
rabbet groove cut to receive an edge
rabble device for stirring molten iron in a furnace


rabic of, like or pertaining to rabies
rabulous scurrilous
racemation cluster or bundle of grapes or any other thing
raceme central stem with flowers on small stalks
racemiferous bearing clusters or bunches
rach dog that hunts by scent
rachidian of or concerning the spine
rachiometer instrument for measuring the spine
rachis spine or axis of a feather; the spinal cord
rachitogenic causing rickets
raciology study of racial differences
rackrent excessive rent
racloir scraper used by early hominids

raconteur teller of anecdotes
raconteur – 1. a person skilled in telling stories or anecdotes in an entertaining or clever way: “My wife is the raconteur of the family, so I’ll let her take up the story from here.”
Approximately 1828; borrowed from French; from Middle French, ‘raconter’: to relate; from Old French, (‘re’: the prefix re + ‘aconter’: to count, to tell).


radappertization treatment of food with ionizing radiation to kill bacteria
radarscope instrument for detecting radar signals
raddle flexible rod used to make hurdles or fences
raddle red ochre used to make marks
radicated rooted; established
radiciform like a root
radicivorous eating roots
radicle rootlike organ or part
radicolous living on roots
radiesthesia sensitivity to radiation from any source
radiogenic produced by radioactive disintegration
radiogoniometer instrument for finding direction through radio signals
radiography use of X-rays or other radiation to make images
radiology study of X-rays and their medical applications
radiometeorograph instrument for measuring atmospheric conditions at high altitude
radiometer instrument measuring radiation energy
radioscope instrument for viewing objects using X-rays
radiosonde radio transmitter in balloon used to gather weather data
radix root; root-number or numerical base; root word or stem
radular coarse; scraping; raspy
raduliform like a rasp or file


Rafale burst of artillery in quick rounds


Raffish – Disreputable; vulgar

Raffish disreputable vulgar woman street women prostitutes

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Ragabash idle worthless fellow
raglan having sleeves going all the way to the neck


Ragmatical wild; ill-behaved

Ragmatical wild ill-behaved woman

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raguly in heraldry, having short alternating projections and depressions
railophone telephone installed in a train
raisonneur person in a play or book embodying author’s viewpoint
rake the inclination of a mast or another part of a ship
ramage boughs of a tree
ramate branched
rameal of, like or pertaining to branches
ramellose having small branches
ramentum chaffy scale on plants
ramie strong lustrous fabric resembling linen or silk
ramiferous bearing branches
ramiform branching; shaped like branches
rampallion scoundrel; villain
rampant heraldic animal portrayed on its hind legs
rampick dead tree or tree decayed at top
ramuliferous bearing small branches
ramulus small branch
ramus branch of anything
ranarian froggy
ranarium place where frogs are kept
rancelman local constable or law officer in Orkney and Shetland
rancescent becoming rancid
rand border; edge; margin
randan uproar; din; riotous conduct
randem with three horses in single file
rangiferine of, like or pertaining to or like reindeer
raniform frog-like
ranine of, like or pertaining to or like frogs
ranivorous eating frogs
rannygazoo foolish nonsense
rantipole wild; disorderly
rantize to sprinkle with water during baptism
ranunculaceous of, like or pertaining to buttercups
raploch coarse undyed woollen cloth
rappel call to arms by the beating of a drum
rapprochement establishment of or state of cordial relations
raptorial predacious; of, like or pertaining to a bird of prey
raptus trance; rapture; seizure
rarissima extremely rare books
ras headland
raschel light loosely kitted cloth
rash smooth silk or worsted fabric
rasophore lowest rank of Greek Orthodox monk
rasorial scraping the ground for food
raster pattern of parallel lines or grid used in certain scanning devices
rasure act of scraping; erasure; obliteration
rataplan drumming sound
ratel honey-eating Old World badger
ratemeter instrument for measuring counting rate of electronic counters
rath prehistoric hill fort
rathe quick; early; eager
ratheripe early ripe
raticide substance or person who kills rats
ratihabition ratification
ratiné rough bulky plain-woven fabric
ratiocinate to reason or argue logically
rationalism belief that reason is the fundamental source of knowledge
ratite of, like or pertaining to flightless birds
ratline small rope forming a rung of a rope ladder on a ship
ratten to practise sabotage against
ravanastron ancient Hindu stringed instrument played with a bow
ravelin detached work with two embankments
razzmatazz meaningless talk; hype; nonsense
realism doctrine that objects of cognition are real

Ream – Censure severely or angrily

Ream To scold Censure severely or angrily

Reast to become rancid


rebarbative repellent; repulsive

Rebarbative repellently irritating woman


rebatement abatement; reduction; discount
rebec medieval musical instrument like a mandolin or viol
reboant marked by reverberation; resounding
rebullition act of boiling up or effervescing
rebus picture puzzle representing a word
recadency relapsing; falling back
recalesce to display again a state of glowing heat
recaption reprisal; taking back that which is unlawfully obtained
recense to revise critically
recept idea or imaged formed by repeated similar perceptions
receptacular serving as a receptacle
recherché carefully chosen, rare or exotic
recidivism habit of relapsing into crime
recipiangle old instrument with two arms used for measuring angles
reciprocornous having horns that turn backward and then forward
recision cutting back; rescinding
récit solo part for voice or instrument; narrative tale
reckling smallest or weakest of a litter
réclame art or practice by which publicity or notoriety is secured
reclinate bent down or back
recoct to cook again; to concoct; to improvise
recondite out of the way; little known
recreant craven; false; apostate
recrement waste; dross; secretion that is reabsorbed; excess matter
recriminate to charge one’s accuser
recrudescence a resurgence after a period of abatement
rectalgia pain in the butt
recte correctly; which should be
rectigrade moving in a straight line
rectiserial in vertical ranks
rectitudinous manifesting overly obvious moral correctness
recto front side of a bookleaf; on the front
rectrix quill feathers of a bird’s tail
recumbent reclining; lying comfortably
recure to cure; to heal; to bring back to health
recusant one who refuses to attend Catholic church services; nonconformist
redact to edit; work into shape; to frame
redan field fortification with two parapets meeting at an angle
redargue to refute; to confute
reddendum reserving clause in a lease
rede to counsel or advise
redhibition return of defective product and cancellation of sale
redintegrate to make whole again; to restore
redivivus resuscitated; come to life again
redolent fragrant; smelling of; suggestive of
redoubt rough and temporary fortification
redoubtable formidable; valiant
redound recoil back on; make contribution for own benefit
redshort brittle at red-heat
reductionism belief that complex phenomena are reducible to simple ones
reduit inner fortified retreat for a garrison
reebok small South African antelope
reedbuck antelope frequenting reeds
reef to reduce area of a sail by rolling or folding part of it
reel lively dance of the Scottish Highlands
reeve to pass a rope through a ring
refection refreshment or relief; a meal
refectory dining-hall of a monastery or other institution
refel to refute; to disprove; to confute
reflation increase in amount of economic activity and spending
reflectography method of revealing hidden drawing lines beneath painting
reflectometer instrument for measuring reflectance of radiant energy
reflet iridescent or metallic lustre
reflexology study of reflexes
refluent flowing back; ebbing; tidal
reflux an ebb; boiling using a condenser to avoid liquid loss
refocillate to refresh; to cherish
refractometer instrument measuring refraction of light
refractory unruly; unmanageable; perverse; obstinate
refrangible that may be refracted
refringency refractivity
refugium area that has retained earlier geographic conditions
refulgent casting a flood of light; radiant; beaming
regal a small portable organ
regalism doctrine of the monarch’s supremacy in church affairs
regardant in profile and looking to the rear
regelation freezing together again
reginal of, like or pertaining to a queen
régisseur stage manager; director; manager
regius royal
reglementation regulation
reglet strip for spacing between lines in printing
regnal of a reign
regolith layer of loose rock overlaying solid rock
regorge to disgorge; to regurgitate
regrate to buy and sell again in or near the same market
regrede to retrograde
regreet to exchange greetings
reguerdon to reward
regula rule of a religious order
regulus impure metal; intermediate product in ore smelting
reinfund to flow in again
rejectamenta refuse; excrement
rejoinder sharp and clever answer
relâche relaxation; rest; no performance
relationism doctrine that relations between entities (space, time) are themselves entities
relative indicating relation or a prepositional object
relativism doctrine that knowledge and truth are relative to contexts
reliabilism theory that justified belief is reached by reliable cognitive processes
relict left behind; surviving
reliction recession of sea leaving bare land
religate to tie together; to restrain
reliquary a small box or shrine used to hold relics
reliquiae remains
relucent reflecting; shining
relume to light or light up again
remanent a remainder; a remnant
remanet postponed case or parliamentary bill
remeant returning; coming back
remex quill feather of a bird’s wing
remiform oar-shaped
Remigate to row
Remittitur act of sending case from appellate court back to trial court


Remonstrate to protest; to expostulate

Remonstrate To scold Censure severely or angrily

Remontant flowering more than once per season
remora delay; obstacle
remotion separation; removal; removal of a person from an office
remuant restless; fidgety
remueur person who turns the bottles in wine-making
renal of, like or pertaining to the kidneys
renascent coming into renewed life or vitality
rencounter chance meeting; encounter; casual combat
reniform shaped like a kidney
renitent resistant; reluctant; recalcitrant
renography radiographic examination of the kidneys
renverse to reverse; to upset
rep plain-woven fabric with crosswise ribs
repetend figures, words, notes or numbers that are repeated

repine to feel or express discontent or dejection
repine – 1. to feel or express discontent: “Sam’s favorite activity of late is to sit and repine over tea.”

2. to long for something

noun form: repiner
Approximately 1449; probably from English, ‘re-‘: intensive prefix + ‘pine’: to yearn, to fret.

replevin repossession of stolen goods pending outcome of lawsuit
repository side altar in Catholic church
repoussé raised in relief by hammering from behind or within
reprehend to rebuke
representamen the product of representation
representationalism doctrine that ideas rather than external objects are basis of knowledge

Reprobate Reprehensible or immoral Woman
Reprobate – reprehensible or immoral person

Reprobate evil unprincipled woman street prostitute

_

Reprography reproduction of graphic or typeset material
Reptant creeping; crawling
reptation act of squirming along a smooth-walled narrow passage
repugn to fight against; to oppose
repunit number consisting of two or more identical integers
requiem lament or mass for the dead
requiescat prayer for the dead
requital act of payment in return; repayment; vengeance
rerebrace armour for the upper arm
reredos screen behind altar
reremouse bat
rescript answer of pope or emperor to any legal question; edict or decree
réseau network of lines used in star photographs
resection cutting away a part of; especially the end
resiant resident
resile to recoil; to rebound; to draw back from a position
resiniferous bearing resin
resinography study or description of resins
resipiscence recognition of error; change to better frame of mind
resistentialism humorous theory that inanimate objects display malice towards humans
resofincular resembling a wire hanger
resorb to absorb back; to reabsorb
respirometer instrument for measuring and studying respiration
respondentia loan on ship’s cargo payable on safe arrival
responsory set of responses sung or said after liturgical reading
restiform shaped like a cord
resupine lying on the back
ret to expose to moisture; to soak; to soften by soaking
retable shelf or ornamental setting for panels behind an altar
rete network or net; stylized star-map of an astrolabe
retiary of nets; using nets as a weapon; catching insects in webs
reticella old Venetian lace-like fabric
reticello glass formed with decorative network of fine glass threads
reticle set of intersecting wires used to facilitate accurate observations
reticular of, like or pertaining to nets; intricate
reticulate divide or be divided into a network
reticule small woven lady’s handbag
reticulose of the nature of a network
retiform shaped like a net
retinaculum connecting band; means of retention
retinise to read mechanically by sight alone
retinoid like resin
retinoscope instrument for measuring and viewing the retina
retiracy seclusion; enough to retire on
retorse bent backwards
retrad backwards
retrahent drawing back
retral at or toward the rear
retree slightly damaged paper
retrenchment cutting down on; reduction in amount of
retro in the past
retrocede to move back; to cede back; to grant back
retrochoir space in choir behind high altar
retrocognition extrasensory knowledge of past events
retrograde moving or directed backwards; degenerating; inverse
retrogress backward movement; degeneration
retroject to throw backwards
retromancy divination by looking over one’s shoulder
retromingent urinating rearwards
retromorphosis change for the worse
retronym new name as modification of older term used alone
retrophilia love of things of the past
retropulsion pushing backwards
retrorse turned back or downward
retroussé turned up; especially of the nose
retrovert to turn back
rev to run an engine before bringing it into use
revalescent convalescent
revalorize to give new value to; to restore value of currency
revanche revenge; policy directed towards recovery of territory
revehent carrying back
revendicate to make formal claim to; to try to retrieve lost goods
revers any part of a garment which is turned back
revest reinstate; reinvest
revet to face with masonry
revetment retaining wall
revie to stake more than an opponent has proposed on
revirescent growing young or strong again
reviviscent reviving
revolute rolled back at the edges
rhabdoid rodlike
rhabdology knowledge or learning concerning divining rods or numbering rods
rhabdomancy divination using a rod or stick
rhabdos magic wand
rhadamanthine like a stern judge
rhaebosis curvature; bandiness
rhagades small fissures or chaps on the skin
rhamphoid hooked beak shaped
rhapsodomancy divination by opening works of poetry at random
rhathymia personality factor leading to optimism and cheerfulness
rheid substance that flows viscously when below its melting point
rhema word; verb
rhematic of words or verbs; forming a word or words
rheme speech element that expresses an idea
rheography measurement of blood flow
rheology science of the deformation or flow of matter
rheometer instrument that measures current
rheophile living or thriving in running water
rheostat instrument for measuring electric resistance
rheotaxis direction of movement by water
rheotropism change in orientation or location of an organism due to running water
rhetoricaster petty rhetorician
rheum watery discharge from eyes and nose
rheumatology study of rheumatism
rhexis rupture of a blood-vessel
rhigosis sensation of cold; ability to feel cold
rhinal of, like or pertaining to the nose
rhinocerial very heavy; of or like a rhinoceros
rhinocerotic of, like or pertaining to the rhinoceros
rhinogenous deriving from the nose
rhinology study of the nose

rhinoplasty – cosmetic surgery to improve the appearance of your nose: “A natural nose has more personality than one perfected by rhinoplasty.”

adjective form: rhinoplastic

Approximately 1842; from English, ‘rhinoplastic’; from Greek, ‘rhinos’: nose + ‘-plastia,’ from ‘plastos’: molded, formed.

rhinoscope instrument for examining the nose
rhinotillexomania compulsive nose picking
rhipidate fan-shaped
rhizic of the root of an equation
rhizogenic producing or growing roots
rhizoid root-like
rhizome root-like stalk or stem of a plant
rhizophagous root-eating
rhizophilous growing or thriving on or near roots
rhochrematics science of inventory management and the movement of products
rhodopsin visual purple
rhomboid shaped like a parallelogram
rhombos bull-roarer
rhonchial of, like or pertaining to snoring
rhonchisonant making a snorting or snoring noise
rhopalic having each word one syllable longer than that before
rhopography painting in still life
rhotacism excessive or incorrect pronunciation of the letter “r”
rhubarb nonsense; actors’ nonsense background chatter
rhumb compass point
rhynchodont having a toothed beak
rhyparography genre or still-life pictures of sordid subjects
rhypophagy eating filth
rhysimeter instrument for measuring speed of current or watercraft
rhythmometer instrument for measuring speed of rhythms
rhytidectomy wrinkle-removing operation
rhyton drinking cup with hole in the point to drink by
ria normal drowned valley; long wide creek
riant laughing; merry
ribibe an old crone, past the age of sexual attractiveness
rictal of the gape; of the corner of the mouth
rictus gaping mouth; orifice
riddle-me-ree nonsense language
rideau ridge or mound of earth used for defense
ridel altar curtain
rident laughing or smiling radiantly; beaming
ridgeling half-castrated animal
ridibund easily moved to laughter
ridotto social gathering with music and dancing
riem rawhide thong
rifacimento recasting of a literary or musical work
riffler small file with curved ends used in woodworking
rigadoon lively Baroque period dance
rigescent becoming numb or stiff
rigidulous somewhat stiff
rillet small brook or stream
rillmark marking produced by water running down a bank or beach
rima narrow fissure
rimiform having a long furrow
rimose full of chinks; covered with cracks
rimple to wrinkle
rindle small watercourse
ringent gaping
rinkomania obsession with skating
riometer instrument for measuring absorbed cosmic radio waves
riparian of or inhabiting a riverbank; a riverside inhabitant
ripienist supplementary instrumentalist
ripieno supplementary or reinforcing music
ripple toothed tool for removing seeds from flax or hemp
riqq Middle Eastern tambourine
risible laughable
risorgimento revival; rebirth
risorial of, like or pertaining to or causing laughter
risus a laugh; a grin
ritornel short instrumental prelude or interlude in opera
rittmaster captain of a troop of horse
rivage shore; bank
rivel to shrivel; to shrink
rivulation irregular marks of colour
rivulose marked with winding and haphazard lines
riziform shaped like a grain of rice
roach curved cut in edge of sail for preventing chafing
roadster light carriage
roband piece of yarn used to fasten a sail to a spar
robinet ancient light cannon
roborant strengthening drug or tonic
roborate to strengthen; to corroborate
roborean strong; like an oak
robur hard-wooded oak
roc enormous legendary Arabian bird
rocaille artificial rockwork or similar ornament
roche rock or cliff; a rocky height
rochet surplice-like vestment of a bishop or abbot
rockaway light four-wheeled carriage with fixed top and open sides
rodenticide killing of rodents
rodomontade bluster; boasting; bragging speech
roentgen unit of x-radiation or gamma radiation
roentgenography imagery or examination using X-rays
rogation asking or supplication, especially in an ecclesiastical sense
rogatory asking for the intervention of a foreign court in examining a witness
rollick exuberant jollity; to frolic gaily
rolly truck; trolley
rom a gypsy man
romage tumult
romal handkerchief or headcloth; silk or cotton fabric
rondeau poem of thirteen lines
rondure gracefully rounded curvature
rood cross or crucifix at entrance to church chancel
rood old unit of land area equal to 1/4 acre
roodge to push or lift with effort
rooibok impala
rooirhebok reddish South African antelope
rookery state of confusion
roorback defamatory falsehood published for political effect
roric dewy
roriferous producing or bearing dew
rorqual large whale with dorsal fin
rorulent dew-covered
rosarian rose-fancier
rosarium rose garden
roscid dewy
roseaceous of the rose family; roselike
roseate resembling a rose; overly optimistic
rosella bright-coloured Australian parakeet
rosette knot or radiating loops of ribbon concentrically arranged
rosin resin applied to bows for stringed instruments
rosmarine mythical walrus-like sea animal that feeds on dew
rosorial rodentine
rostel small beak or similar outgrowth
rostelliform shaped like a small beak
rostrum platform for public speaking; conductor’s dais
rostrum spike on prow of warship for ramming
rota roster
rotameter instrument consisting of glass tube with free float for measuring liquid flow
rotameter old instrument for measuring length of curved lines
rotiferous bearing rotifers
rotocracy government by those who control rotten boroughs
rotograph photograph made by laying negative on sensitive paper
rottack rubbish; nonsense
rotula kneecap
rotundate rounded off; orbicular
roturier plebeian
roué man devoted to life of pleasure; rake
roulade melodic embellishment sung to one syllable
rounce handle for moving carriage on hand printing press
rounceval a large, boisterous woman; a mannish woman; a lesbian
round dance in a ring
roundel anything circular; circle; disc; ring-dance
roundel round metal disc used to protect joints of armour
roundelay song with a refrain
roup poultry disease
roussette fruit-bat
rowel small; spiked wheel on a spur
rowen second mowing of grass in the same season; aftermath
rowlock contrivance serving as a fulcrum for an oar
royal small sail on royal mast just above topgallant sail
rua Maori pit for storing root vegetables
ruana South American cape or poncho
rubaboo pemmican broth
rubashka Russian peasant shirt
rubedinous ruddy
rubefaction reddening
rubefy to redden
rubescent growing red; blushing
rubican of a horse, black or red with flecks of white
rubicund ruddy
rubiginous rusty-coloured
rubigo mildew; blight
rubinetto faucet
rubious ruby red; rusty
rubor redness of body part due to excess blood
rubricality ceremony
rubricate to mark in red; to fix like a ritual
rubricist one who adheres closely to liturgical rules
rubster lesbian
ruche frill of lace or other material
ructation the act of belching
ruction disturbance; uproar
ruddock European robin
rudenture architectural moulding in the shape of a rope
ruderal growing in wasteland or among rubbish
ruderary of or relating to rubbish
ruderate to fill or cover with small pebbles
rudicle small spatula or spoon
rudstay strap over horse’s back to which a wagon can be attached
ruelle space between bed and wall
rufescent inclining to redness
ruffianize to behave violently or brutally
rufous reddish or brownish-red
rug coarse woollen cloth
rugate wrinkled
rugelach crescent-shaped Jewish pastry
rugible capable of roaring
rugine surgeon’s scraping instrument
rugous wrinkled; covered with sunken lines
rugulous having small wrinkles
ruiniferous bearing many ruins
ruiniform having the form or appearance of ruins
rulley flat four-wheeled wagon for carrying goods
rullion a rawhide shoe
rumbustious boisterous
rumchunder fine silk
rumfustian hot alcoholic drink made from rum and various spices
rummer large drinking-glass
runagate fugitive; vagabond
runcation action of weeding
runcinate having irregular saw-toothed divisions
rundale system of holding land in single detached pieces
rundle rung of a ladder
rundlet old liquid measure equal to about 15 gallons
runnel little brook
runology study of runes
rupellary rocky
rupestrian composed of rock; inscribed on rock
rupicaprine of, like or pertaining to chamoises
rupicoline rock-dwelling
ruptile easily breakable
ruridecanal concerning a rural dean and his jurisdiction
rurigenous living or born in the country
rushlight a type of candle dipped in grease
russel ribbed cotton and wool
russet coarse homespun cloth
russet reddish brown
Russophile one who admires Russia or the Russians
Russophobia fear of Russia or Russians
rusticate to send into the country; to banish to rural areas
rusticity rustic manner; simplicity; rudeness
ruth pity; remorse; sorrow
rutherford unit of radioactive decay equal to 1 million disintegrations per second
ruthful piteous; sorrowful
rutidosis wrinkling
rutilant shining; glowing ruddily
rya colourful Scandinavian knotted-pile rug

rancor
(n.) deep, bitter resentment (When Eileen challenged me to a fight, I could see the rancor in her eyes.)

rebuke
(v.) to scold, criticize (When the cops showed up at Sarah’s party, they rebuked her for disturbing the peace.)

recalcitrant
(adj.) defiant, unapologetic (Even when scolded, the recalcitrant young girl simply stomped her foot and refused to finish her lima beans.)

If someone is so pig-headed that he won’t budge on an issue, call him recalcitrant. Not that it will make a difference…

Recalcitrant is from Latin calcitrare, meaning “to kick,” so someone who is recalcitrant is kicking back against what’s wanted of them. Synonyms are

unruly, intractable, and refractory, all referring to what is difficult to manage or control. Writers are frequently referring to recalcitrant Democrats

and Republicans, since many people are stubbornly loyal to their political parties and unwilling to change.

rectitude
(n.) uprightness, extreme morality (The priest’s rectitude gave him the moral authority to counsel his parishioners.)

redoubtable –

Redoubtable means honorable, maybe even intimidatingly so. If your grandmother worked tirelessly to raise four kids on her own and start her own taxi cab

business and to this day, keeps all of her cabbies in line, she is without a doubt redoubtable.

The adjective redoubtable traces back to the French word redute, meaning “to dread,” a combination of the prefix re-, which adds emphasis, and duter, which

mean “to doubt.” But it isn’t the redoubtable person that you doubt — it’s yourself or your ability to compete against or be compared to him or her. That’s

where the dread comes in. But you can learn a lot from and be inspired by redoubtable people, if you can just get over being afraid of them.

relegate –

Relegate means assign to a lower position. If the quarterback of the football team stops making decent throws he might be relegated to the position of

benchwarmer, while another kid is given the chance to play.

Relegate rhymes with delegate––both words derive from the Latin legare “send.” Relegate means to send someone down in rank. Delegate means to send someone

in your place to complete a task. In the workplace, managers who can’t figure out how to delegate may get relegated to a lesser rank.

remiss –

If it’s your turn to bring in the coffee and donuts for your early morning meeting, and you forget, then your co-workers can say that you were remiss in

fulfilling your responsibility to keep them awake with sugar and caffeine. Don’t expect to get much done at your meeting.

The adjective remiss is often used in the phrase “remiss in one’s duty.” The principal was remiss in her duty to tell parents about the incident at school.

After the parents heard about it from their kids, the principal received several angry phone calls wondering why the school had been locked down for loose

farm animals.

replete
(adj.) full, abundant (The unedited version was replete with naughty words.)

40 small naughty girl

reprobate – (adj.) evil, unprincipled (The reprobate criminal sat sneering in the cell.)
There’s no way around it, a reprobate is a bad egg. The black sheep of the family, missing a moral compass — a reprobate’s been called everything from a deviant to an evildoer to a scoundrel.

Selfish, depraved, disreputable, a reprobate is not known for his inner goodness. In fact, reprobates were once considered “rejected by God,” the meaning of the noun in the 1500s. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, a reprobate was a popular literary character, sometimes amusing, as noted in Henry James’ Daisy Miller, “What a clever little reprobate she was, and how smartly she played an injured innocence!”

Reproof – An act or expression of criticism and censure

Reproof To scold Censure severely or angrily

Reprove – (v.) to scold, rebuke (Lara reproved her son for sticking each and every one of his fingers into the strawberry pie.)

Repudiate – (v.) to reject, refuse to accept (Kwame made a strong case for an extension of his curfew, but his mother repudiated it with a few biting words. )

Rescind – (v.) to take back, repeal (The company rescinded its offer of employment after discovering that Jane’s resume was full of lies.)
If get a call saying a company has decided to rescind your job offer, it’s back to the classifieds for you. Rescind is an official reversal.

Things that are rescinded: policies, court decisions, regulations, and official statements. What all these examples have in common is that they are on the record. Also, rescind usually refers to promises instead of tangible objects. You can’t rescind a shirt a friend has borrowed from you, but you can rescind your offer to loan them your jeans.

Restive – (adj.) resistant, stubborn, impatient (The restive audience pelted the band with mud and yelled nasty comments.)

ribald – (adj.) coarsely, crudely humorous (While some giggled at the ribald joke involving a parson’s daughter, most sighed and rolled their eyes.)

Damn to spelling

rife
(adj.) abundant (Surprisingly, the famous novelist’s writing was rife with spelling errors.)
If your supervisor at work describes your new position as “rife with opportunities for advancement,” then rejoice! That means your position offers many opportunities for advancement.

Not to be confused with the word ripe (“fully grown or developed”), the adjective rife means “abundant” or “frequently occurring.” When used in a sentence,

rife can follow the word that it’s describing, as in “development was rife during his administration” or “speculation was rife before the announcement.”

More commonly, however, rife comes before the word it modifies and is used with the preposition with, as in “the class was rife with enthusiasm” or “her story was rife with inconsistencies.”

ruse – (n.) a trick (Oliver concocted an elaborate ruse for sneaking out of the house to meet his girlfriend while simultaneously giving his mother the impression that he was asleep in bed.)

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