Words starting with ” e ” for SAT, GRE, GMAT, CAT skmclasses Bangalore

e pluribus unum – from many, one. This, the official motto of the United States of America, comes from a prosaic source. Virgil’s early poem ‘Moretum’, is essentially a recipe for making a salad; the protagonist mashes herbs together until their the many colors have blended into one: “color est e pluribususus.” I cannot say whether our founding fathers took this from Virgil, or from a previous borrowing.

earmarks (earmarking) – “special spending projects that members of Congress procure for their home districts, often with little or no oversight”

earwig (verb) – 1. to pester with private importunities or admonitions 2. to insinuate oneself into the confidence of 3. to evesdrop. earwigged – having a ‘maggot’ or craze in one’s brain

easel – from the Dutch ezel = “ass,” the comparison being of loading a burden on a donkey and propping up a painting or canvas on a wooden stand. The easel served the artist as an ass, dumbly bearing the load.


easy street – a state of financial comfort or security eau de nil – light green; literally, “water of the Nile”. An unusual term, not listed in OED. But the word-in-use seems to refer to a deeper gray-green.

Ebonics – African-American English, esp. when considered as a distinct language or dialect related to certain West African languages, rather than as a non-standard variety of English

ebullient – zestfully enthusiastic (“the ebullient enthusiasm of the French” – Carlyle) (also a lesser-known meaning: boiling; bubbling. The latter, literal meaning was the earlier.)

ebullient zestfully enthusiastic man

ecdysiast – coinage: a stripper-tease artist; a stripper [ecdysis –zoology: the process of shedding the old skin (in snakes, etc.)] Coined by Mencken, who had also considered “moltician”.

3 ecdysiast a stripper-tease artist a stripper woman

5 ecdysiast a stripper-tease artist a stripper woman 2 ecdysiast a stripper-tease artist a stripper woman

Short Story describing the meaning of the word ecdysiast is at


4 ecdysiast a stripper-tease artist a stripper woman

echoic – (of a word) imitating a sound of nature, such as crack, buzz, click, snap, splash. (see onomatopoeia)

eclipse – to surpass; outshine

ecphore; ecphorize – to evoke or revive (an emotion, a memory, or the like) by means of a stimulus. [typically in the context of echocrizing an emgram; which see]

ectopic – in an abnormal place or position. [Greek ektopos ‘out of place’]

edacious – devouring food in great quantities; voracious voracious; gluttonous; pertaining to eating

8 edacious skmclasses Bangalore Subhashish Sir

Eden – toponym: a paradise of innocence and unspoiled, idyllic peace (adj. edenic)

edenic – of or like a paradise

edenic of or like paradise Rainbow

edentate (also here) – without teeth

effigy – a likeness of a person, esp. in the form of sculpture

effluvium – 1. an emanation or exhalation (usu. invisible, e.g., vapor or gas) 2. a byproduct or residue; waste; or, the smelly fumes of by waste or decaying matter 3. an impalpable emanation; an aura

effulgent – shining brilliantly; resplendent; or as if shining

Effulgent radiant splendorous

eftsoons – soon afterward; presently

Egeria – eponym: a woman advisor or companion

egg corn – the error of substituting, for the correct word, a homonym or near-homonym (egg corn for acorn; baited breath for bated breath)

Eggs Benedict – eponym: concocted by the Waldorf-Astoria hotel (as in the Waldorf salad) as a hangover cure for a Mr. Samuel Benedict

egoism – over-concern for oneself; self-importance (see egotism)

egotism – talking too much about oneself; self-exaltation; self-praise (see egoism)

Egregious – eminently bad or reprehensible

egregious  Flirting with every man

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Egregiousis at


eighty-six – (orig. restaurant/bar slang) to refuse to serve (the item is out, or the customer is unwelcome). by extension: to throw out; to eject or discard; to get rid of

eke – verb: to add to, with the sense of making something go further by supplying what is missing

elaterium – a cathartic obtained from the dried juice of the spitting cucumber

eldritch – strange; unearthly; weird; eerie

eldritch strange unearthly weird eerie 1

Short Story explaining the word Eldritch is given at

electronic ink – a coated substance, of paper-like thickness and flexibility, whose colors at each point can be changed (by electric stimulus) to produce changing text and images

electuary – a medicinal conserve or paste, consisting of a powder mixed with honey, preserve, or syrup

eleëmosynary – relating to charity; also, supported by charity. From Greek eleemon, pitiful; eleos, pity. The same root generated “alms”.


elegiac wistfully mournful for something past and gone


elegiac – wistfully mournful for something past and gone. [ elegy – a funeral poem; a poem of lamentation ]

elegiac wistfully mournful for something past and gone

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Elegiac is at


5 elfin naughty skmclasses Bangalore Subhashish

Elfin – Usually good-naturedly mischievous. Suggestive of an elf in strangeness and other worldliness

4 elfin naughty skmclasses Bangalore Subhashish

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Elfin is at


elfin Usually good-naturedly mischievous

elision – the omission of a sound, in a word, making it easier to pronounce. [Examples: pronouncing laboratory as four syllables, or temperature and vegetable as three syllables.]

ellipse – an oval-shaped curve; a circle that has been ‘stretched’. elliptical (rhetoric) – 1. of extreme economy in speech or writing; hence, 2. having a part omitted (see ellipsis) 3. deliberately obscure

ellipsis – the omission of words not necessary for understanding (for example, to shorten a quotation). The symbol … used to show that omission

elute – to extract one material from another, esp. by a solvent

elutriate – 1. to separate, or remove (ore, for example) by washing, decanting, and settling 2. to wash away the finer particles of

eluvium – residual deposits of soil, dust, and rock particles produced by the action of the wind

Elysium – a paradise; a place or condition of ideal happiness (adj. elysian – pertaining to the abode of the blessed dead; hence, of highest pleasure and delight)

Elysium paradise place or condition of ideal happiness

Embitter – “These injustices embittered her even more”

embittering Cause to be bitter or resentful

envenoming  embittering  acerbating Poisoning the childs mind

embonpoint – condition of stoutness, plumpness

embrangle – to confuse, perplex, or entangle somebody or something (archaic)

éminence grisé – eponym: 1. an adviser or decision-maker (often secret) with great power beyond any official status; one who wields real though not titular control; a “power behind the throne” 2. (technically, a misuse) a respected elder statesman

empennage – the tail assembly of an aircraft

empyrean – the highest reaches of heaven, the abode of God and angels; paradise; also the sky. adj: of or relating to the empyrean of ancient belief

empyreumatic – smelling like burnt flesh

Empyreumatic a woman smelling like burnt flesh

enceinte – 1. pregnant 2. a fortification encircling a castle or town; also, the area protected [different senses, each from the concept of ‘to gird; to encircle closely’]

3 pragnent with pink shoes

enclave – an enclosed territory foreign from the territory that surrounds it

encomium – an expression of praise; implies enthusiasm and warmth

end run – from US football: to bypass (an impediment), often by deceit or trickery; also, the trick or maneuver itself

endemic – peculiar to a place or to a class of persons: endemic to the tropics (contrast epidemic, pandemic)

endgame – the final stage of an extended process or course of events [from the game of chess: the final stage of a game, when most pieces have been removed from the board; requires different strategy]

endomorphic – having a heavy rounded body build, with a marked tendency to become fat

endonym – the local name for a geographic place (e.g., what we call Rome is Roma in Italian); contrast exonym

endue; indue – to endow with a quality or ability

enervate – to weaken physically, mentally or morally (can also be used as an adjective) Not to be confused with energize

enfant terrible – one who is strikingly, shockingly unconventional (often, one who embarrasses or compromises his associates by being so; see last two quotes)

enfeoff – to invest with a feudal estate or fee

engram – a memory-trace; a permanent and heritable physical change in the brain’s nerve tissue, posited to account for the existence of memory

engross – 1. to occupy exclusively; absorb 2. to monopolize (a market). 3. to write or transcribe in a large, clear hand; or to write or print the final draft of (an official document)

enmity – deep-seated hatred

enormity – extreme wickedness; an outrage. Note: often misused in lieu of “enormousness”, to mean immensity.

enormity extreme wickedness by a woman

ensiform – sword-shaped (see gladiate, xiphoid)

ensorcellment – an enchantment or spell

entablature – the part of a classical building resting atop the columns. consists of architrave (bottommost), frieze (middle) and cornice (top)

entelechy – a vital force that directs an organism toward self-fulfillment

enthusiasm – (interesting etymology; see Archives)

enthymeme – a “truncated syllogism” where one premises is left implicit, rather than stated explicitly

entomology – study of insects (bugology; insectology) [sometimes confused with etymology]

entresol – a mezzanine floor

entwicklungsroman – synonymous with bildungsroman: a novel about the moral and psychological growth of the main character


envenoming Cause to be bitter or resentful

eolian; aeolian – relating to, caused by, or carried by the wind

epenthesis – the addition of extra sounds in the middle of a word, (as) in thunder from prior thunor (more examples – empty and nimble; “nukular” for nuclear; “athalete” for athlete)

epeolatry – worship of words

ephemera – items of short-lived interest or usefulness, especially printed matter that that later acquires value to collectors (also: plural of emphemeron – a short-lived thing)

ephemeris – (pl. ephemerides) a table giving the coordinates of a celestial body at a number of specific times during a given period

epicaricacy – a malicious satisfaction at the misfortunes of others
Not in OED, but found in reputable prior dictionaries.

epicaricacy malicious satisfaction at the misfortunes of others by a woman

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Epicaricacy is at

English later borrowed the German word schadenfreude, of like meaning.

epicene – having characteristics of both the male and the female, as an epicene angel
Also, in linguistics, a word having the same form for both male and female (inventing epicene pronouns, such as s/he and hisser)

epicenter – the focal point, esp. of a crisis (originally, the point of the earth’s surface directly above the focus of an earthquake)

epicrisis – one of those unusual words which has two different pronunciations, with two different meanings.
1. epic´risis (accent on second syllable) – a detailed critical study or evaluation (some sources add ‘of a literary work’)
2. ep´icri´sis – medical: a secondary crisis; one following the primary of a disease (accent on first syllable; secondary accent on the penultimate [= next to last])

epicure – one with refined taste, esp. in food and wine. (With a sense of “over-refined’; contrast gourmet)

Epicure refined

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Epicure is at


epidemic – simultaneously afflicting a large proportion of a community. (contrast endemic, pandemic)

epigamic – (of a trait or behavior) tending to attract a mate, such as large antlers or bright colors

epigone – a second-rate imitator or follower, esp. of a writer, artist or musician (pronounced with three syllables; the ‘e’ at the end is silent.)

epilogue – a speech at the end of a play, addressed to the audience [also: a short addition at the end of a book, often dealing with the future of its characters]

epiphany – a usually sudden manifestation or perception of the essential nature or meaning of something

episteme – a body of ideas which give shape to the knowledge of that time

epistrophe – rhetoric: repeating at the end of successive parallel phrases: “government of the people, by the people, for the people”. (contrast anaphora)

epithalamion – a lyric ode in honor of a bride and bridegroom

epithet – a smear-name: racial epithets. more generally, a characterizing adjective or substitute-name, positive or negative: Catherine the Great. Also – an adjective naming some particularly appropriate quality: a just man; a verdant lawn.

epitome – 1. an example [compare apotheosis] 2. a précis or summary of a book or article

epizoic – growing on the external surface of an animal; as, an epizoic parasite

epizoic dwelling upon an animal

epizootic – of a disease which attacks many animals at the same time. (The equivalent of epidemic; strictly speaking, that term is limited to a disease widespread among people.)

epolose – feasting to excess

eponym – a person whose name is used as a word (often used to mean the word named after the person)

eponymous – relating to an eponym; giving one’s name to a tribe, people, country, and the like. Often used to mean ‘eponymic*’.

epynomic – named after a person (contrast eponymous)

equerry – one who cares for the royal horses

equine – like a horse

equipoise – 1. a counterbalance 2. equality of weight or force; hence, equilibrium – said of moral, political, or social interests or forces

equivocation – the ambiguity which occurs when a single word or phrase is ambiguous; this ambiguity is not grammatical but lexical. [Obviously, the term has other and more familiar meanings.]

erg – coinage: a unit of work or energy

ergative language – one where a noun has a special form when used as the subject of a transitive verb

ergomaniac – a workaholic

ergophile a man who loves work

ergophile – one who loves work

eristic – given to disputatious, often specious argument (noun: the practice of same; a person given to or expert in same)

ermine – toponym: see stoat

erotic acid – vitamin B13 (not an aphrodisiac!). Its correct name is orotic acid, but it has been misspelled so often in the chemical literature that it is also known as erotic acid. Apparently, if you add another carbon to it, it becomes homo-erotic acid.

erotomania – melancholy or madness caused by imaginative love

erotomania melancholy or madness caused by imaginative love

erstwhile – former; at a previous time

eruct – to belch (literally, or metaphorically, as to eject in large quantities)

eructation – a belch (by a person, or by a volcano)

erythrism – unusual redness of plumage or hair (in humans, often accompanied by a ruddy complexion). Coined 1864 from Greek eruthros red; caused by excessive red pigmentation

escarpment – a long, steep slope at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights

escritoire – a writing table; a desk, particularly, a desk with a top section for books

escutcheon – a thin metal decorative plate to ornament or protect wood (e.g., the shield around a doorknob, keyhole or drawer-pull)
also: escutcheon – a shield or emblem bearing a coat of arms (blot on one’s escutcheon – a stain on one’s reputation or character)

esker – a long winding ridge of sediment (often resembles a railroad embankment) deposited by meltwater streams under a retreating glacier

espalier – a tree or shrub that is trained to grow in a flat plane against a wall, often in a symmetrical pattern; also, a trellis or other framework on which an ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat

esquamulose – lacking minute scales

esquivalience – a fake word created by the New Oxford American Dictionary

estaminet – a small café

estaminet a small café

estivate; aestivate – to pass the summer in a torpid state; also, to spend the summer, as at a special place

estuarial – relating to an estuary, the area near the mouth of a river where river flow mixes with tidal flow, fresh water with salt water

ether – 1. literary: the clear sky; the upper regions of air (adj. etheric) 2. the internet [not in dictionaries, but see quote]
Derivative: Ethernet – the dominant system for connecting computers into a local area network (trademark, but sometimes used generically)

ethnonym – the name of an ethnic group

etiolate – to cause to appear pale and sickly; also, to make weak by stunting the development of.

etiology – the study of causation (philosophy); also, the cause of a disease

ettle – to plan, try, aim, design, prepare, suppose (The Word Lover’s Dictionary)

étui (or etwee; accent on second syllable) – a small case, usually ornamental, for small articles such as needles, toothpicks, etc.

etymology – the origin of a word (ultimately from Greek etymon, “the true sense of a word based upon its origin”)

eucatastrophe – coined by J.R. Tolkien, meaning very roughly “happy ending” [Not an accepted ‘word’.]

eudaemonic – of or producing a contented state of happiness and well-being (eudaemonism – a theory that the highest ethical goal is happiness and personal well-being

Eudemonic Producing happiness and wellbeing

euhemerism – eponym: interpretation of myths as traditional accounts of historical persons and events

eulogium – a formal eulogy

eulogy – a prepared speech or writing expressing praise of a person

eumoirous – happy because innocent and good. (This word, though not in OED, can be found in other commercial word-sources.)

eumoirous happy because innocent and good

eupeptic – having good digestion; also, of cheerful disposition

euphonious – pleasing or sweet in sound; smooth-sounding

euphuism – eponym: affected elegance of language

Eurosclerosis – the ‘disease’ of rigid, slow-moving labor markets in Europe

euterpean – eponym: pertaining to music

eutrapely – pleasantness in conversation, one of the seven moral virtues that Aristotle enumerated. In the New Testament this word was used to mean ‘reprehensible levity of speech’.

eutrophy – state of being well nourished. (A eutropic body of water is over-rich in organic and mineral nutrients which promote plant life at the expense of animal life, esp. as due to pollution.)

evitable – avoidable (contrast the familiar word inevitable)

evolution – a pattern of movements [among other meanings, of course. from Latin ‘unrolling’]

ex cathedra – spoken with authority; may be used ironically to describe dogmatic, self-certain statements. (literally “from the chair; in Roman Catholic doctrine, refers to the Pope speaking with infallibility)

excelsior – 1. more lofty; still higher; ever upward 2. slender, curved wood shavings used especially for packing

excerebrose – brainless; having no brain

excipient – a usually inert substance that forms a vehicle, as for a drug

exclave – a part of a country which is separate from the main body

excruciating – [from cruce, cross, referring to the pain of crucifixion] intensely painful; agonizing; also very intense or extreme: excruciating precision

exigent urgent critical patient has an exigent need for medication

exigent – requiring immediate attention; demanding; exacting (see exiguous)

exigent Demanding attention

3 exigent - Demanding attention

exiguous – scanty; sparse; meager (see exigent)

exonumia – items, as tokens or medals, that resemble money but are not intended to circulate as money

exonym – the name for place in a foreign language (e.g., Roma is called Rome in English); contrast endonym

exorable – capable of being moved by entreaty (contrast the familiar word inexorable)

expeditious – quick and efficient

exponential – with very large increase or other change, esp. a very rapid one [Note: In precise scientific usage, ‘exponential’ need not be large or rapid, it is simply “the bigger it is, the faster it grows.”]

expurgate Edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

expurgate – to purge of anything offensive; as, to expurgate a book

expurgated the punch

expurgate – To expurgate is to censor. Usually, people talk about expurgating bad words from something written or on TV. On TV, if you hear some words bleeped out, those words have been expurgated. In print, we can expurgate by using dashes ( — — ) or random characters like %&$#. Sometimes we can expurgate just by rewriting something so that the entire sentence with the naughty parts is gone, or by putting it into mild words. When it comes to things children read or watch, there’s often the difficult question of what to expurgate and what to leave alone.

expurgate to purify or revise; to censor

extemporanea – casual and spontaneous acts or remarks [not in the dictionaries, not even in OED, but used in print occasionally]

extirpate – 1. to pull up, as by the roots 2. to destroy completely 3. to remove surgically 4. to render locally extinct

extirpated – locally extinct

eye rhyme – a “rhyme” of words that do not rhyme, but whose spellings look like they rhyme. (example: pint and lint)

eagre sudden rise of tide in a river
earing line for fastening corner of a sail to the gaff or yard
earwig a small insect; to bias; to pester with demands; to eavesdrop
easement rights held over another’s land
eau-de-nil pale green colour

Ebberman one who fishes under bridges
ebberman one who fishes under bridges

Ebberman a man who fishes under bridges
ebeneous like or resembling ebony
éboulement falling in of wall of a fort; landslide
ebriection mental breakdown from too much drinking
ébrillade jerking of horse’s rein when it does not turn
ebrious tending towards excessive drinking
ebullioscope instrument for measuring boiling point of liquids
ebullition boiling over; agitation; outbreak
eburnean of or like ivory; ivory-coloured
ecardinate without hinges
ecarlate fine woollen cloth, usually dyed scarlet
ecaudate tailless
ecbatic grammatical construction indicating result without intention
ecbole digression
ecbolic assisting childbirth; aiding abortion
eccaleobion incubator
ecchymosis black-and-blue spot
ecclesiarchy government by clerics or ecclesiastical authorities
ecclesiastry affairs of the church
ecclesiography treatise or writing on the church
ecclesiolatry excessive devotion to church tradition and form
ecclesiology study of church affairs
eccoprotic laxative; mildly cathartic; purgative
eccrinology study of excretion
ecdemic not endemic; of foreign origin
ecdemomania abnormal compulsion for wandering
ecesis the establishment of a plant or animal in a new habitat
echard water in the soil not available to plants
echidna Australian toothless spined monotreme resembling a hedgehog
echinate like a hedgehog; prickly
echinuliform resembling small spines
echoism the formation of imitative words
echolalia echo-like repetition of another’s words
echopraxia echo-like repetition of another’s actions
eclaircise to clear up
éclaircissement clarification; enlightenment
eclat to make notorious
éclat publicity; dazzling effect; brilliance; applause
eclegme ancient syrupy medicine that is licked off a spoon
eclipsareon astronomical toy used to show phenomena of solar and lunar eclipses
eclipsis omission of sounds or words in speech
ecliptic imaginary circle which the sun follows from Earth perspective
eclogue pastoral or rustic poem
eclosion emergence, as from a larva or egg, or of an era or movement
ecmnesia loss of memory of the events of a specific period
ecocide destruction of the environment
economacy position of controller of ecclesiastical affairs
ecophene range of phenotypes produced by a genotype in a given environment
ecophobia fear of home
écorché a human figure portrayed stripped of the skin
ecphasis explicit declaration or interpretation
ecphonesis rhetorical exclamation
ecphrasis plain interpretation of a thing
écrevisse freshwater lobster
ecru off-white
ecthlipsis omitting one or more sounds in pronouncing a word
ectobatic carrying or leading towards the outside
ectogenesis variation in response to outside conditions
ectopia displacement of internal organs in the body
ectype reproduction or copy
ectypography etching in relief
écuelle two-handled soup or porridge bowl
ecydisis shedding or moulting of the skin

edapha organisms living in soil
edaphic of, like or pertaining to the soil
edaphology study of soils
edentate toothless; without teeth; pertaining to anteaters and sloths
edh letter in Old English representing voiced ‘th’ sound
edulcorate to sweeten; to rid of soluble particles by washing
eellogofusciouhipoppokunurious good
effable capable of being expressed
efferent carrying outward or away
effete weak or worn-out; degenerate
effigurate having a definite shape
effleurage stroking movement in massage
effluvium invisible emanation; offensive exhalation or smell
effodient burrowing
effulge to shine out; to beam
effusiometer instrument for comparing molecular weights of gases
effutiation twaddle; humbug
eft a newt
eft again; afterwards
eftsoons soon after
egad mild oath
egelidate to change congealed material to liquid
egency need
egestion the removal of materials from the body
egestuous desperately poor
egoism doctrine that the pursuit of self-interest is the highest good
egotheism identification of oneself with God
Egyptology study of ancient Egypt
eidetic vivid mental image or memory
eidograph instrument for copying drawings
eidolism belief in ghosts
eidolon image, phantom or apparition; confusing reflected image
eigne first born
eikonology metaphor
eirenarch officer in charge of keeping the public peace; justice of the peace
eirenicon peace-making message, proposition for peace
eirenics theological doctrine of religious unification
eirenism peaceful state of mind
eisegesis faulty interpretation or explanation of text
eisel sour wine resembling vinegar
ejectamenta material ejected from a volcano
eke in addition; also; likewise
ekistics study of human settlement
ekka small one-horse carriage
ekphrasis description of a work of art as rhetorical exercise
élan impetuosity; dash or style; brilliancy or vivacity
elance to throw as a lance
eland large heavily built African antelope
elaphine of, like or belonging to a red deer; of, of, like or pertaining to red deer
elaphure reddish Chinese deer
elapid of, like or pertaining to cobras

Elapine – Cobra like

Elapine Woman bad woman who has nature and Behavior as Cobra

Cobra – Elapine

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Elapine is at


elastane highly elastic artificial cotton-like fabric
elative indicating movement out of or away from
elatrometer instrument for measuring gaseous pressure
elchee ambassador

electrocardiograph instrument for recording unusual electrical fluctuations of the heart
electrochemistry study of relations between electricity and chemicals
electrodynamometer instrument for measuring electrical current
electroencephalograph instrument for measuring the brain’s electrical impulses
electrogenesis production of electricity
electrograph instrument for recording electrical potential
electrology study of electricity
electrometer instrument for measuring electrical potential
electromyograph instrument for diagnosing neuromuscular disorders
electrophile substance having an affinity for electrons or negative charge
electroretinograph instrument for measuring electrical activity in the retina
electroscope instrument for detecting electrical charges in the body
electrostatics study of static electricity
electuary medicine mixed with honey or syrup
eleemosynary of, like or pertaining to charity or giving alms; dependent on charity
elenchus refutation; sophism
elenctic of, like or pertaining to argument; cross-examination or refuting
elephant large unit of paper measurement equal to 28 by 23 inches
elephanticide killing of an elephant
elephantine of, like or pertaining to elephants
eleutherian freedom-giving
eleutheromania manic desire for freedom
eleutherophobia fear of freedom
elflock lock of tangled hair
elide omit; ignore; suppress or abridge
elinguate to remove the tongue
ell old unit of length equal to 45 inches
ellipsis three dots used to indicate a break, pause, or unfinished thought (…)
ellipsograph instrument for describing ellipses
elocation removal from someone’s control; alienation
éloge funeral oration; panegyric
eloign to convey to a distance; to remove
elsin shoemaker’s awl
elumbated made weak in the loins
elution purification or separation by washing
elutriate to separate by washing into finer portions
elydoric painted with both oil and watercolour
elytriferous having or bearing hardened forewings
em unit of measuring width of typeface where width of letters equals height
emacity itch to be buying
email type of dark ink
emarcid wilted; limp
embale to enclose; to bind in; to make into a bale
embar to shut in; to hinder; to put under embargo
embase to lower; to debase
embayment bay
emberlucock to confuse; to bewilder

embellished – Add details to. Be beautiful to look at. Make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc. Make more beautiful. prettified

embellished to beautify make more attractive by adding ornaments

woman getting ready to entice applying lipstick

To embellish the stage decorate to show beautiful woman applying lipstick


To embellish the stage decorate to show beautiful
emblements growing crops
embonpoint stout; plump or full in figure; corpulent
embouchement opening of a passage or tunnel
embower to place in a bower; to shelter with trees
embracery attempt to influence a jury corruptly
embrangle to confuse or perplex
embrasure recess of a door or window
embrocate to moisten and rub with a lotion
embryogenesis production of an embryo
embryography scientific description of embryonic development
embryoniform shaped like an embryo
emendation correction; usually of a text
emergicenter urban clinic offering emergency outpatient services
emesis the act of vomiting
emetology study of vomiting
émeute a popular rising or uproar
emicate to sparkle
emiction the discharging of urine
emissile able to be emitted or pushed out
emmenagogue drug aiding menstrual flow
emmenology the study of menstruation
emmet ant
emmetropia correct refraction of light by the eyes
emmew to confine or mew up
emollient softening; making supple
emolument payment; profit arising from employment
emonomancy divination using demons
emotivism theory that moral statements are inherently biased
empaestic of, like or pertaining to the art of embossing
empanoply to clothe in full armor
empasm deodorant powder
empennage airplane’s tail unit
empery wide dominion; empire
emphractic stopping the pores of the skin
emphyteusis perpetual but conditional lease of property
empiecement an insertion in a garment
empleomania mania for holding public office
emporeutic of, like or pertaining to trade
empressment show of affection or eagerness
emprise adventurous undertaking
emptings yeast mixture
emption the act of buying; purchase
emptysis spitting up of blood
empyreal of, like or pertaining to heaven; sublime; skyward
emulge to milk or drain out
emunctory conveying waste; pertaining to nose-blowing
emys freshwater tortoise
enallage the exchange of one grammatical case for another
enantiodromia process when a thing is replaced by its opposite
enantiomorph object which is the mirror image of another
enantiopathy allopathy; sympathy with one’s opposite
enantiosis ironic expression of idea by refuting its contrary
enation outgrowth; extension
encaenia anniversary festival of renewal of an institution
encaustic having the colours burned in
enceinte pregnant
encephalograph instrument for recording brain images
encephaloid like or resembling a brain
enchiridion book carried in the hand for reference, esp. for music or theology
enchorial belonging to or used in a country; domestic
encolpion reliquary; cross worn on the breast
encomiast person who utters encomiums; praiser

encomic having closely curled hair

encomic having closely curled hair

encomium glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise

encraty self-control

Encraty a man having self-control

encyclical letter sent by the pope to multiple bishops
endarchy centralised government

endeictic showing, exhibiting or demonstrating

Endeictic showing exhibiting demonstrating

endeixis an indication
endemiology study of local diseases
endlong lengthwise
endocrinology study of glands
endogenous having no external cause
endophagy cannibalism within a tribe; eating away from within
endoscope instrument for visualizing interior of a hollow organ
endosmometer instrument for measuring osmosis into a solution
endysis growth of new feathers, hair or skin
energism theory that the highest good is contented thought rather than pursuit of pleasure
energumen individual inhabited by an evil spirit

enervate to weaken
1. to weaken physically, mentally, or morally; ‘the luxury which enervates and destroys nations’ (Henry David Thoreau): “I was feeling quite enervated by

the strain of moving.”

2. (as in medicine) to remove all or part of a nerve


3. lacking strength or vigor

noun forms: enervation, enervator
additional adjective form: enervative
Approximately 1610; from Middle English, ‘enervate’; borrowed from Latin, ‘enervatus,’ past participle of ‘enervare’: to weaken, to cut the sinews of (‘e

-‘: out + ‘nervus’: sinew).

enfilade series arranged as if threaded on a string
engastration stuffing of one bird inside another
engastrimyth ventriloquist
engouement excessive infatuation
engrailment ring of dots around edge of a coin
engram lasting effect on memory
engrenage series of decisions leading towards unspoken goal
enigmatography composition of riddles or enigmas
enigmatology study of enigmas
enjambment continuation of the sense of a verse without pause
enjoin to command; to order; to prohibit by injunction
ennead any group of nine objects
enneagon polygon with nine sides
ennomic lawful; legal
enoptromancy divination using mirrors
enosimania pathological belief that one has sinned
enosis union; unification
enounce to enunciate; to proclaim
enow enough
ensanguine to cover with blood
ensiform resembling or possessing characteristics of a sword
ensign large naval flag
ensilage storage of green fodder in silos
entablature wall that rests on top of columns
entasis swelling on vertical columns to counteract optical illusion of concavity

Illusion explained
entelechy perfect realization of ultimate goal or reason for existence

entellus small Indian monkey

entellus small Indian monkey

enteral of, pertaining to or within the intestine
enthalpy heat per unit mass
entheomania abnormal belief that one is divinely inspired
enthetic introduced from outside the body
enthymeme rhetorical suppression or omission of a premise
entify to treat as or cause to become a separate entity
entitative regarded as a distinct entity without regard to context
entomical of, like or pertaining to insects
entomology study of insects
entomophagous eating insects
entomophilous adapted for pollination by insects
entoptic within the eyeball; visibility of objects in the eye
entozoology study of parasites that live inside larger organisms
entremets edible pastry sculpture served between main courses
entrepot a warehouse, particularly for international trade
entresol mezzanine
entropion inversion of the edge of the eyelid
entryism doctrine of joining a group to change its policies
enuresis uncontrollable urination
environ around; about; in the vicinity of
enzone to engirdle or surround with a zone or belt
enzymology study of enzymes
eoan of, like or pertaining to dawn
eolation geological effects of the wind
éolienne fine silk and wool
eolith stone naturally formed but thought to be manufactured
eonism adoption by a male of female dress and manner
eosophobia fear of dawn
eozoic containing early evidence of animals
epact excess of the calendar month over the lunar month
epaenetic eulogistic
epagoge induction
epagomenal intercalary; inserted between others
epanadiplosis sentence which begins and ends with same word
epanalepsis repetition
epanaphora repetition of same word at beginning of multiple phrases or sentences
epanastrophe device where end of one sentence is repeated as beginning of next
epanodos recapitulation of chief points in a discourse after digression
epanorthosis retraction of statement in order to intensify it
eparchy diocese of an Eastern church
epaulet shoulder-plate of a suit of armour
epedaphic of, like or pertaining to atmospheric conditions
epeirogenesis building continents by moving of earth’s crust
epenthesis insertion of extra sound into a word
epeolatry worship of words
epergne branched ornamental centrepiece
epexegesis addition of words to make the sense more clear
ephebiatrics branch of medicine dealing with adolescence
ephectic tending to reserve judgement
ephelis freckle or mole
ephemeris table giving location of celestial body at different specific times
ephemeromorph life form that cannot be classified as animal or vegetable
ephemeron creature that lives for only one day
ephemeron insect that lives for only one day
ephestian domestic
ephidrosis profuse perspiration
ephod Jewish priestly vestment
epibole device of beginning several clauses with same word
epicede funeral ode
epicedial of, like or pertaining to dirges or elegies
epicene having form or characteristics of both sexes
epicheirema syllogism confirmed by an incidental proposition
epichoric belonging or pertaining to a rural area
epiclesis calling on the Holy Spirit to consecrate the Eucharist
epicrisis critical appreciation for literature
epicureanism doctrine that pleasure is the highest value
epideictic done for show or display
epidemiology study of diseases; epidemics
epidiascope instrument for projecting images of objects; magic lantern for projection
epigamic attractive to the other sex
epigeal living near or in the ground
epigenesis theory of embryonic development
epigeous growing or living on or above the ground
epigon descendant or successor
epigone inferior follower or imitator of a distinguished original
epigraphy science of inscriptions

epilate to remove hair from

epilate to remove hair from to attract Boys


epileptology study of epilepsy
epimyth moral of a story or work of literature
epinician celebrating a triumph
epinikion ode in honour of a victor or winner
epinosic unhealthy; unwelcome
epipastic dusting powder used in medicine
epiphenomenalism doctrine that mental processes are epiphenomena of brain activity
epiphonema exclamation, finishing phrase or reflection
epiphora watering of the eyes
epiphora rhetorical repetition of a word at the end of several sentences
epiplexis persuasion through stylized but severe criticism of opponent
epiploce use of multiple entwined points in succession in an argument
epipolism fluorescence
episcope instrument for projecting images of opaque objects
episcopicide killing of bishops
episcopolatry worship of bishops
episemon badge or characteristic device; one of three extra Greek numeral-letters
epistatic suppressing some factor
epistaxis nose bleeding
epistemology study or theory of the basis of knowledge
epistolary of, like or pertaining to letters
epistoler reader of the epistle in Anglican service
epistolography letter-writing
epistrophe ending of successive clauses with the same word
epitasis part of a play where the action is developed
epithalamion song or poem composed for weddings
epithesis addition of one or more letters to a word
epithymetic of, like or pertaining to desire
epitimesis adverse criticism
epitoga wide academic gown with bell sleeves
epitonic subjected to excessive strain; overstrained
epitrachelion stole of an Orthodox priest or bishop
epitrope rhetorical but ironic granting of permission to an opponent to do something
epizeuxis immediate repetition of a word for emphasis
epizoic dwelling upon an animal
epomania craze for writing epics
eponym personal name from which another name is derived
epopee epic poem; saga
epopoean befitting an epic poet
epopoeist one who writes epic poetry
epopt one who is initiated into mysteries
epos epic poem
éprouvette instrument for testing strength of gunpowder
epulary of, like or pertaining to banquets
epulation feasting
epulotic substance encouraging growth of scar tissue
epuration purification or purging
equable smooth; without wide variations

equative indicating likeness or identity
equatorium computational instrument for planetary astronomy
equilibrist tightrope walker
equine of, like or pertaining to horses
equiparate to regard or treat as equal
equiparent having a level or mutual relationship
equipluve line drawn through locations having same annual rainfall
equipoise equilibrium; counterbalancing thing
equipollent having equal power or force
equiponderate to be equal in weight; to balance
equison horse groom; jockey
equitation horseback riding
equivorous consuming horseflesh
eradiate to shoot out like a ray of light
ere before
erean made of copper or brass
erelong before long; soon
eremic of or belonging to deserts
eremite hermit; religious recluse
eremology study of deserts
eremophyte plant that lives in desert biome
erethism abnormal irritability
erewhile until now
erg unit of work measuring force of one dyne applied over one centimeter
ergasia love of work; workaholism
ergasiomania excessive desire to work; ergomania
ergasiophobia fear of work
ergative indicating subject of a transitive verb
ergatocracy government by the workers or the working class
ergo therefore; hence
ergograph instrument for measuring and recording muscular work
ergology study of effects of work on humans
ergomania excessive desire to work; workaholism
ergometer instrument for measuring work performed
ergonomics study of people at work

ergophobia fear of work
ergotise to wrangle
erinaceous of or relating to hedgehogs
eriometer instrument for measuring very small diameters
eristic of, like or pertaining to controversy or argument
erogenesis induction of sexual desire; production of arousal
eromancy divination using water vessels
erotesis rhetorical questioning
erotetic engaging in or pertaining to rhetorical questioning
erotogenic producing erotic desire or sexual gratification
erotology erotic description in literature
erotomania abnormally powerful sex drive
erotopathy pathological sexual desire
erotophobia fear of sex
errhine something which causes sneezing or for nasal ingestion
erubescent growing red; blushing
eruciform like or resembling a caterpillar
eructate to belch out; to emit lava
erumpent bursting out; bursting forth
erythema redness of the skin
erythraean reddish colour
erythrochroism excessive or pathological redness of the hair
erythrophobia fear of red lights or of blushing
erythropsia condition of seeing all colour as red
esbat meeting of a witches’ coven
escadrille squadron of aircraft; flotilla
escalade crossing moat or scaling wall using ladders
escalier staircase
escapology study of freeing oneself from constraints
escargatoire place where snails are reared
escharotic caustic
eschatocol concluding clause or section of a charter
eschatology study of death or final matters; a doctrine of the afterlife
eschaton end of the world; end time
escheatment forfeiture of property to state for lack of heir
esclandre notoriety; unpleasantness
escritoire writing-desk

esculent eatable; fit for consumption

esculent suitable for eating edible

escutcheon part of ship’s stern where name is displayed
escutcheon shield on which coat of arms is represented
esemplastic unifying; moulding diverse ideas into one
esemplasy the unifying power of imagination
esker ridge of sandy soil
esotropic squinting
espalier lattice on which trees are trained across
espiègle roguish; frolicsome; mischievous
esraj Indian stringed instrument with sympathetic strings, played with a bow
essentialism doctrine that things have real essences that can be discovered
essive indicating a temporary state of being
essoin giving of an excuse for not appearing in court
essorant soaring
estacade dike of stakes in a river against an enemy
estafette military courier or express

estampie vigorous rhythmic Provençal stamping dance
estiferous producing heat
estival of, like or pertaining to summer
estoppage preventing someone from alleging a fact due to prior denial
estrade low platform or dais
estrapade horse’s attempt to throw its rider
estreat to consult court records in order to enable prosecution
estuosity heated state or condition
esurient hungry; greedy; starving
etamine light open-mesh cotton or worsted
eternalism the belief that matter has existed eternally
etesian periodic; winds blowing at certain seasons
eth old English letter for voiced ‘th’ sound
etheromania craving for ether
ethmoid of or like a sieve
ethnarchy government over an ethnic group
ethnocide killing of members of an ethnic group; destruction of a culture
ethnocracy government by an ethnic group or race
ethnogenesis origin of an ethnic group
ethnogeny study of origins of races or ethnic groups
ethnography written description of societies and cultures
ethnomania obsessive devotion to one’s own people
ethnomethodology study of everyday communication
ethnomusicology study of comparative musical systems
ethnonym name for an ethnic group
ethography written description of manners or morals
ethology study of natural or biological character
ethonomics study of economic and ethical principles of a society
ethopoeia delineation of the character of someone or something
etiolate to become pale; to make pale by depriving of light
etiology the science of causes; especially of disease
étui case for holding sewing articles
etymology study of origins of words
etymon true origin of a word
etypical unconformable to type
euchology prayer book
eucrasy state of fitness and physical well-being
eudaemonism ethical belief that happiness equals morality
eudaemony happiness or well-being
eudiaphoresis normal perspiration
eudiometer instrument for measuring air purity
euhemerism explanation of mythology as growing out of history
eulachon small fish of northwestern North America
eulogomania obsessive craze for eulogies
eumoiriety happiness due to state of innocence and purity
eunoia mental health; normal mental state

Eunoia Goodwill Good thinking Nice thoughts with one and all

eunomia state of being well governed
euonym a pleasing or beautiful name
euonymous appropriately named
eupathy state of contentment
eupeptic of, like or pertaining to good digestion; cheerful
euphobia fear of good news
euphonism custom of using pleasing sounding words
euphonon keyboard instrument resembling the organ in sound
euphonym euphonious synonym
euphuism high-flown and affected style of writing
eupraxia correct or orthodox action
eupsychics proper education to induce human progress
euripus arm of the sea with strong currents
Europhile one who loves Europe
eurythermic tolerating a wide variation in temperature
eurythmics system of rhythmic and harmonious movement
eustacy changes in world shoreline by changes in sea level
eustatic remaining at same altitude despite geological activity

eusuchian of, like or pertaining to alligators and crocodiles

Eusuchian Woman 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Eusuchian is at


eutaxy good order
eutechnics improvement in condition of humanity through natural forces
eutexia the property of being easily melted
euthenics science concerned with improving living conditions
eutony pleasantness of the sound of a word
eutrapely wit, ease and urbanity of conversation
eutropic turning to face the sun
evagation wandering; digression
evaginate to remove from a sheath; without a sheath
evanescent tending to vanish like vapour
evanish to vanish; to die away
evanition vanishing; dying away
evaporimeter instrument for measuring rate of evaporation
evection attraction of the moon to the sun causing change in its orbit
eventration protrusion of an organ from the abdomen
eversion turning inside out or outwards

Evince indicate or exhibit

Evince to show reveal

evirate to castrate; to make weak
eviscerate disembowel
eviternal eternal
évolué primitive person educated in modern ways
evulgate to divulge; to publish
evulse to pluck out
exactor one who exacts; extortioner; claimer of rights
exallotriote foreign
exanimate lifeless; spiritless; depressed
exarate containing grooves or furrows
exarch viceroy; rank below patriarch in Eastern church
exarchy government by bishops
exaugurate to desanctify; to deprive of sacred status
excalation omission of one of a series or sequence
excarnate to remove flesh from
exclaustration return to public upon release from vows
exclave part of a country surrounded by foreign soil
excogitate to discover by thinking out or reasoning
excoriate censure severely; strip the hide off of
excorticate to strip the bark off of
excrementitial of, like or pertaining to excrement
excresence outgrowth; projection; tumour

excubant – on guard

Excubant on guard

excursive constituting a digression
exeat formal leave of absence; permission to be absent
exeat permission from bishop for clergyman to work elsewhere
execrate to denounce or place under a curse
executancy technique in music
exedra semicircular bench beside episcopal throne; outdoor bench or recess
exegetic explanatory, especially of Scripture
exemplum short story or anecdote with a moral
exenterate to disembowel
exequy funeral rites; funeral procession
exercitation putting into practice; exercise
exergasia remaining on one point of argument while gradually fleshing it out
exergue reverse of coin where date is contained
exgorgitation vomited material
exheredate to disinherit
exigible liable to be exacted
exiguous scanty; slender; sparse
exility slenderness or smallness; refinement
eximious excellent or distinguished
existentialism doctrine of individual human responsibility in an unfathomable universe
exlex outside the law
exlineal out of the direct line of descent
exobiology study of extraterrestrial life
exocentric of a linguistic compound, having a different grammatical function than its parts
exoculate blind; eyeless
exode farce or afterpiece
exodist one who goes out; emigrant
exodontia extraction of teeth
exodromy stabilizing movement of exchange
exogenous having an external origin
exonym name for a town or country in a foreign language
exopathic due to external forces or causes
exophagy cannibalism outside one’s own group
exorable capable of being moved or influenced
exordium beginning or introduction to a composition
exosculate to kiss fervently or heartily
exoteric intelligible to the uninitiated; commonplace
exotropia outward squint
expatiate to wander freely; to write about in great detail
expeditate to deprive of the ball of the foot or the claws
expergefacient awakening; arousing
experientialism doctrine that knowledge comes from experience

expiscate to find out by strict examination
explement complement
exponible able to be explained
expostulate to remonstrate; to discuss or reason with
exprobate to reproach; to upbraid
expromission relieving another person’s debt by taking it upon oneself
expugn to take by storm; to overcome

exsanguinous without blood
exscind to cut off; to uproot
exsect to cut out
exsert to protrude
exsiccate to dry up
exspuition spitting
exstrophy turning an organ inside out
exsuccous lacking sap

exsufflate to blow away; to exorcise

Exsufflate to blow away to exorcise

extempore without preparation; offhand
extensometer instrument for measuring deformation in object due to forces applied
exterritority exemption from local regulations
extispicy divination using entrails
extramundane beyond the known universe
extravasate to let out of the proper vessels; to flow out
extrorse turned outward
extrospection examination of matters external to oneself

exuberant – Joyously unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings.

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Exuberant is at


exungulation paring of the nails
exuviate to cast off or shed
eyas unfledged falcon or other bird of prey
eyelet small hole in fabric to allow passage of a cord; cotton fabric with small holes
eyeservice work done while the boss is watching
eyewash humbug; something done merely for effect
eyne eyes
eyot small island in a lake or river

(adj.) extremely lively, enthusiastic (She became ebullient upon receiving an acceptance letter from her first-choice college.)
More than chipper, more than happy, more than delighted is ebullient — meaning bubbling over with joy and delight.

There are two senses of the word of ebullient. One describes an immediate, and ultimately short-lived, reaction to a particular event — for example if you’ve just won the lottery, you are ebullient. The other describes someone who is perpetually upbeat and cheerful, for example, as in “an ebullient personality.” Watch out for ebullient personalities: they can often be “over the top” as well.

eclectic –

She listens to hip-hop, Gregorian chant, and folk music from the ’60s. He’s been seen wearing a handmade tuxedo jacket over a thrift-store flannel shirt.

They both have eclectic tastes.

The English word eclectic first appeared in the seventeenth century to describe philosophers who did not belong to a particular school of thought, but

instead assembled their doctrines by picking and choosing from a variety of philosophical systems. Today, the word can refer to any assemblage of varied

parts. You can have an eclectic group of friends (friends from diverse groups), eclectic taste in furniture (a mixture of 18th-century French chairs, Andy

Warhol paintings, and Persian rugs), or enjoy eclectic cuisine (fusion cooking that uses ingredients from different national cuisines).

edict –

If your mom orders you to clean your room, that’s an order. If the king asks you to do it, that’s an edict — an official order from some higher up.

Edict comes from the Latin editcum, meaning a “proclamation, or ordinance.” Although it was originally used to describe a declaration or command from a

king or other governing official, in more recent years it has come to be used almost sarcastically to describe any order. When your teacher says the report

is due Monday morning, no exceptions, you know you’ll be hitting the books this weekend — this is an edict you cannot ignore.

(n.) impudence, nerve, insolence (When I told my aunt that she was boring, my mother scolded me for my effrontery.)

(adj.) radiant, splendorous (The golden palace was effulgent.)

(adj.) extremely bad (The student who threw sloppy joes across the cafeteria was punished for his egregious behavior.)

Something that is egregious stands out, but not in a good way — it means “really bad or offensive,” like a tattoo on a man misspelling his girlfriend’s name.

“My massage therapist gave me bruises,” someone complained recently on Twitter, asking, “When does it cease to be deep tissue massage therapy and become egregious and unabashed manhandling?” An egregious error is hardly forgivable. Some synonyms are shocking, appalling, and intolerable. The word has made a 180-degree turn from its original sense in Latin, when it meant “exceptionally good.” Word historians have speculated that the negative usage was originally meant to be ironic, but it is the only sense that has survived. Be careful not to use it to mean “outstanding,” since no one wants to be called egregious.

Short Story describing the meaning of the word egregious is at


elegy – An elegy is a sad poem, usually written to praise and express sorrow for someone who is dead. Although a speech at a funeral is a eulogy, you might later compose an elegy to someone you have loved and lost to the grave.

The purpose of this kind of poem is to express feelings rather than tell a story. Thomas Gray’s “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” is a poem that reflects on the lives of common people buried in a church cemetery, and on the nature of human mortality. The noun elegy was borrowed in the 16th century from Middle French élégie, from Latin elegia, from Greek elegeia, from elegos “mournful poem or song.”

Elegy is sad poem usually written to praise and express sorrow

emend – When you emend a piece of writing, you correct or revise it. If you are asked to emend a report, that just means you need to go through it and make revisions.

Emend is similar in spelling and pronunciation to another word, amend, and there’s a slight overlap in meaning as well. Emend refers to changes and improvements made to a text. Amend also can refer to making minor changes to a text, but it can be used to describe improvements made to other things as well — for example, you can amend a situation. In contrast, emend’s powers are limited to words. So if you’re using emend — the one with the “e” — just make sure you’re describing improvements that involve text.

emollient –

An emollient is a cream or ointment with a thick, gooey texture. When your hands are dry and cracked in the winter, you probably apply an emollient to make them softer.

Emollient comes from a Latin word with the same spelling, which means “to make soft.” The noun form of emollient refers to a substance that makes something soft. However, emollient can also be an adjective used to describe something with a softening or soothing effect. For example, the annoying child on the airplane might be soothed by the emollient sound of the pilot’s voice over the intercom.

enervate – (v.) to weaken, exhaust (Writing these sentences enervates me so much that I will have to take a nap after I finish.)

To enervate is to weaken, wear down, or even bum out. A three-hour lecture on the history of socks might thrill someone, it would enervate most people. So would a too-long soak in a hot tub. With your parents.

Trace enervate back far enough and you’ll discover that it comes from the Latin enervare which means basically “to cut the sinew” or “to cause to be cut from the muscle.” That would certainly weaken someone. These days, there’s no need for violence. To enervate someone is to sap their energy, like by reading your ex all the love letters your new sweetheart wrote you. When something enervates you, it does more than get on your nerves; it brings you down.

enfranchise – The verb enfranchise is used when a group of people are given voting rights or freedoms they didn’t have before. Many people under the age of 18 would like lawmakers to enfranchise their peer group so they can vote.

Enfranchise traces back to the Old French word enfranchiss, a combination of en-, meaning “make, put in,” and enfranchir, meaning “to set or make free.” In the 1680s, enfranchise came to mean “to admit to membership in a state,” something that usually came with the right to vote. You may know the word disenfranchised, an adjective that describes people who lack rights or liberties. To enfranchise is to give or restore rights to the disenfranchised.

ephemeral – (adj.) short-lived, fleeting (She promised she’d love me forever, but her “forever” was only ephemeral: she left me after one week.)

epistolary – Any correspondence or communication written in the form of a letter or series of letters is said to be epistolary.

They’ve gone out of fashion now, but in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the “epistolary novel,” written in the form of fictional letters to and from various corespondents, was all the rage. One of the most famous such novels (or at least part epistolary) is Bram Stoker’s “Dracula.” Epistolary is related to the word epistle, a fancy term for “letter.”

equanimity – If you take the news of your brother’s death with equanimity, it means you take it calmly without breaking down. Equanimity refers to emotional calmness and balance in times of stress.

If equanimity reminds you of equal, that’s because the words have a lot in common. The noun equanimity was borrowed from Latin aequanimitas, from aequanimus “even-tempered, fair,” formed from aequus “even, level, equal” plus animus “mind.” The archaic phrase to bear with equal mind means “to bear with a calm mind,” and is a translation from the Latin. The phrase a level mind also refers to calmness. A near synonym is composure.

eschew – (v.) to shun, avoid (George hates the color green so much that he eschews all green food.)

esoteric – only taught to or understood by members of a special group : hard to understand. limited to a small number of people. designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone. a body of esoteric legal doctrine. requiring or exhibiting knowledge that is restricted to a small group. difficult to understand. limited to a small circle. private, confidential. of special, rare, or unusual interest. metaphysics is such an esoteric subject that most people are content to leave it to the philosophers. must have had some esoteric motive for leaving his art collection to a museum halfway around the globe.

A kahuna is a master of Hawaiian esoteric practices. Recently, Mariko Gordon and Hugh Cosman engaged a kahuna to bless their house. Late Latin esotericus, from Greek esoterikos, from esotero, comparative of eiso, eso within, from eis into; akin to Greek en in.

Esoteric only taught to understood by members of special group

espouse –

Use the verb espouse to describe the actions of someone who lives according to specific beliefs, such as your friends who espouse environmentalism and as a

result walk whenever possible instead of taking the car.

You can see the word spouse in espouse, so you may be wondering what husbands and wives have to do with it. Originally espouse did mean “to marry,” but its

meaning has evolved to include other long-term commitments as well, such as support for a principle or a cause. Similar to marriage, if you espouse a

belief system, the idea is that you’ve chosen to wed yourself to it.

(adj.) fleeting, momentary (My joy at getting promoted was evanescent because I discovered that I would have to work much longer hours in a less

friendly office.)
A beautiful sunset, a rainbow, a wonderful dream right before your alarm clock goes off — all of these could be described as evanescent, which means

“fleeting” or “temporary.”

Evanescent comes from the Latin ex, meaning “out of,” and vanescere, meaning “to vanish.” When pronouncing this word, emphasize the third syllable and note

that the c is silent. You might want to practice saying evanescent a few times right now; if you stumble over pronunciation when you need this word the

most, whatever you’re describing — be it a shooting star or a whiff of fragrant perfume — will be gone.

(v.) to show, reveal (Christopher’s hand-wringing and nail-biting evince how nervous he is about the upcoming English test.)
The verb evince means to show or express clearly; to make plain. Evidence can evince the innocence of the accused, and tears can evince the grief of the


Evince is a rather formal word that reveals the presence of something hidden — usually a feeling. So, if you are happy, your smile might evince your

happiness. And if you are angry, the skull and crossbones on your tee shirt might evince your anger. Evincing is about expressing. If you are keeping your

feelings inside, there’s not a lot of evincing going on.

exacerbate –

For a formal-sounding verb that means to make worse, try exacerbate. If you’re in trouble, complaining about it will only exacerbate the problem.

Exacerbate is related to the adjective acrid, often used to describe sharp-smelling smoke. Think of exacerbate then as a sharp or bitter thing that makes

something worse. A drought will exacerbate a country’s food shortage. Worsen, intensify, aggravate and compound are similar, but exacerbate has the sense

of an irritant being added in to make something bad even worse.

(v.) to free from guilt or blame, exonerate (My discovery of the ring behind the dresser exculpated me from the charge of having stolen it.)

execrable – (adj.) loathsome, detestable (Her pudding is so execrable that it makes me sick.)
If something’s execrable it’s really and truly, unbelievably, absolutely the worst.

Execrable is often used as a harshly critical term in the arts, when a reviewer really wants to throw the book at something. Not surprisingly, the word comes from a Latin word meaning “to utter a curse; to hate or abhor.” Tough words for bad art. Perhaps part of the power and nastiness of execrable lies in the word’s similarity to excrement — but that’s a vocabulary word we’re not touching in this entry!

execrable loathsome detestable

exhort – French roots for the word exhort mean “thoroughly encourage,” so to exhort is to fill up with encouragement! “When he heard the crowd exhort him with stomping and cheers, he knew that he could finish the marathon.”

Some synonyms for exhort include stimulate, excite, and urge on. Words and shouts can exhort, and this is especially true when the recipient of those chants fears coming up short with an effort. Exhortations may make the difference between winning or losing and marching on or giving up. A sergeant might exhort his troops after a defeat just as a dad can exhort his daughter after a missed note during a piano recital.

exhort to cheer to encourage

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Exhort is at


exigent – (adj.) urgent, critical (The patient has an exigent need for medication, or else he will lose his sight.)
When you describe something as exigent, you are saying it requires attention: it can’t be ignored.

Exigent, which means “demanding attention,” comes from the Latin for “driving out.” If there’s a runaway train driving straight at you, that’s an exigent situation — not a good time to stop and write a poem. When circumstances become exigent, it’s time to act. When exigent questions arise, an answer is necessary. You can also use exigent for a person who demands attention, usually by complaining. If you’ve ever worked as a waiter, you’ve surely dealt with an exigent customer.

exigent Demanding attention 2

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Exigent is at


expedient – The adjective expedient describes something that provides an easy way to achieve a goal or result, but it’s not necessarily a moral solution.
Politically expedient means something you do to advance yourself politically. Use expedient when you want to hint that a particular solution or strategy has certain benefits and advantages but is not completely fair. However, expedient can also be used to describe something practical for a particular purpose.

Expedient not a best solution


expiate to make amends for atone turn away from sin do penitence

expiate – (v.) to make amends for, atone (To expiate my selfishness, I gave all my profits to charity.) In the fairy tale, the baker must expiate his father’s sins by bringing the witch three ingredients for a magic potion: a cow, a cape and a slipper.

Expiate means to make amends or atone for a wrong you or someone else has committed.

After the incident on the hill, a mortified Jill expiated her guilt by buying Jack a brand new crown. The shiny new crown served as compensation, or expiation, for the broken one. That it cost her so dearly made the expiatory gesture especially meaningful to poor Jack.

expiate retribution requital aby abye

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Expiate ia at


expiate to make amends for wrong

expunge – (v.) to obliterate, eradicate (Fearful of an IRS investigation, Paul tried to expunge all incriminating evidence from his tax files.)
To expunge is to cross out or eliminate. After Nicholas proved he had been in school on the day in question, the absence was expunged from his record.

Absterge wipe clean purge expunge purify

Expunge is often something you do to a document. When government censors block out text in documents before making them public, they are expunging the text. You can also use the word in a more metaphorical sense. The principal tried to expunge all traces of bullying from the school by implementing a kindness initiative and treating all complaints as serious.

Expunge to obliterate eradicate

extant – (adj.) existing, not destroyed or lost (My mother’s extant love letters to my father are in the attic trunk.)

Extant not extinct or destroyed or lost

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Extant is at


extol – (v.) to praise, revere (Violet extolled the virtues of a vegetarian diet to her meat-loving brother.)

If you have a crush on a guy who likes your best friend, it can be very depressing to listen to him extol your friend’s virtues, while you just nod and smile. If you extol something, you praise it very highly.

The Bible says: “Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and extol and honor the King of heaven…” Nebuchadnezzar II was king of the second Babylonian Empire, the one who sent the Jews into exile. In some translations of the Bible, the word honor is replaced with glorify. Praise, extol, honor, glorify all mean about the same. The Bible often uses five words when one would be enough.

extolled the virtues of vegetarian diet to her meat loving brother

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Extol is at


extant – Use the adjective extant to describe old things that are still around, like your extant diary from third grade or the only extant piece of pottery from certain craftspeople who lived hundreds of years ago.
Extant is the opposite of extinct: it refers to things that are here — they haven’t disappeared or been destroyed. Use extant to describe things that it may be surprising to learn are still around — you wouldn’t say jeans you bought last year are extant, but a pair of jeans worn by Marilyn Monroe back in the 1950s? Definitely extant.