Words starting with ” d ” for SAT, GRE, GMAT, CAT skmclasses Bangalore

Dab – one skilled in something, an expert, an adept

Dabster – 1. a person skilled at something. 2. more often: a dabbler; or, a clumsy, inept painter

3 Working man

Short Story describing the word Dabster is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/dab-dabster-a-man-skilled-at-something/

6 faceless working men from factories

 

Dactylic – see iambic

Dactylion – the tip of the middle finger

dactylion the tip of the middle finger

Dactylomancy – divination by rings [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

dactylomancy divination by rings

daedal; Daedal – eponym: of ingenious design; skillfully or cunningly made; artistic; artful; ingenious

daedal ingenious design skillfully cunningly made

daguerreotype – eponym: an early type of photograph

daguerreotype an early type of photograph

dagwood; dagwood sandwich (also capitalized) – a multilayered sandwich with a variety of fillings [from comics]

dagwood sandwich multilayered with variety of fillings

daks; underdaks – Australian slang: pants, underpants

dally – noun: sudden lull or slackening of the wind. verb: of the wind, to turn or shift in direction

dally sudden lull slackening of wind turn or shift in direction

damp squib – a failed joke

damp squib a failed joke

Dandie Dinmont – eponym: a certain breed of dog

Dandie Dinmont breed of dog

dandiprat – (in sport or contempt) a little fellow

dandiprat a little fellow

dark horse – a competitor, among many, who makes (or is tabbed as having the potential to make) an unexpectedly good showing

dassie – see hyrax

dassie hyrax

dative – noun or adj. a noun serving as the indirect object of a verb

dauphinois potatoes – potatoes with cream and cheese

dauphinois potatoes with cream and cheese

de facto – existing in fact (implicitly meaning, not by planned result or by lawful authority), as, a king de facto; distinguished from a king de jure, or

by right

de gustibus – a matter of personal taste

de gustibus a matter of personal taste

deaconing – the practice of putting the best-looking food on top, as putting the most attractive berries on the top of the basket

dead cat bounce – a temporary recovery from a major drop in a stock’s price

dead man’s switch – a device that will take a specific action unless a human operator overrides it

deadhead¹ – horticulture: to remove the blooms after flowering, so that the plant will devote its energy to developing of new flowers, rather than to

producing seeds

deadhead² – railroads and other carriers: to move a train without paying business, simply to get it to where it needs to be for later work

deadjectival – derived from adjectives (deadjectival nouns; deadjectival verbs)

deadshit – Australian slang: a person of low intelligence

debonair – pleasant and affable in outward manner or address [from medieval French falconry]

décalage – aviation design: the difference in angle between any two distinct airfoils on an airplane

decimation – originally: the act of putting to death every tenth man

declamation – 1. vehement oratory 2. a speech marked by strong feeling; a tirade 3. a recitation delivered as an exercise in rhetoric (usually referring to

a student’s recitation). [The verb form is to declaim]

decoction – concentrating a flavor by boiling down (or the concentrate made, as a herbal decoction)

décolletage – a low neckline on a woman’s dress

decubitus – noun: the position of lying down, reclining

decumbent –

deduction – reasoning from stated premises to a conclusion (contrast induction)

defective lexical item – a noun that has no singular form (furniture; happiness) or no singular form (police)

defenestrate – to throw out of a window

dégagé – free and relaxed in manner; casual

degust – to taste, esp. to do so attentively, so as to savor

degustation – a comparative tasting, in small portions, of a variety of similar foods or drinks; also figurative

dehisce – to burst open on a natural line (as a seedpod, or a surgical wound)

dehort – to urge to abstain or refrain; to dissuade

deictic – 1. logic: proving directly 2. grammar: (of a word) specifying identity, place or time by reference to the speaker or hearer: we; here; there;

then; the former

deipnosophist – a person skilled in the art of dinner-table conversation

delphic – eponym: obscurely prophetic; also, ambiguous; mysterious

deltiology – the collection of postcards

démarche – 1. a course of action; maneuver 2. a diplomatic initiative, representation or protest

demegoric – of or pertaining to public speaking (OED; others dictionaries say “pertaining to demagogues or demagogic speech”, which is quite different.)

demerit – its original Latin form meant “merit”

demersal – living in the deepest part of a body of water

demijohn – a large bottle with bulging body and narrow neck (it typically holds 3 – 10 gallons and is encased in wicker, with one or two handles for

carrying)

demiquaver – see quaver

demi-vierge – ‘a girl or woman still undevirginated, yet far from innocent’ – scholar Eric Partridge. In other words, a technical virgin

demonomancy – divination by the aid of devils and evil spirits [dictionary at mancy lists 54 form of divination]

demos – the common people; the populace

denim – toponym: originally the cloth de Nîmes, cloth from Nîmes, France

deoch an doris – see stirrup-cup

deracinate – 1. to pull out by the roots 2. to displace from one’s native or accustomed environment

derogate – to belittle; disparage

derringer – eponym: a short-barreled pocket pistol

desiccate – to remove the moisture from

desinence – a grammatical ending; an inflection

desmodromic – mechanics: having different controls for their actuation in different directions. desmodromic valve – a valve closed by a cam and leverage

system, rather than the more conventional valve springs

desultory – jumping from one subject to another, without order or rational connection; disconnected

deus ex machina – [literally “god from a machine”] an agent who appears unexpectedly to solve an apparently insoluble difficulty

dewlap – a fold of loose skin hanging from the neck of a person, or of certain animals (like the wattle of a turkey, for example)

diablerie – 1. black magic; sorcery 2. mischievous conduct; deviltry

diacritical mark – a mark added to a letter to indicate a special pronunciation (see macron, breve)

diadem – a jeweled crown or headband

diagonal – the / sign. (for synonyms, see virgule)

dialectic – 1. the tension between two interacting/conflicting forces 2. the art or practice of reaching truth by the exchange of logical arguments

diamerdis – a man who is covered in feces

diapason (also here) – 1. an organ stop sounding a main register of flue pipes 2. a grand swelling burst of harmony

diaphanous – so light and delicate as to be see-through

diaresis – (from Greek diairein “to divide”): 1. modification of a syllable by distinctly pronouncing two adjacent letters (typically vowels): naïve and

Zoë, each having two syllables rather than one. 2. the symbol (diacritical mark) used in English to represent this pronunciation, being two dots over a

letter, as in ä. (In German the mark is used for a different sound – see umlaut – so the symbol is also called an umlaut.)

diaspora – the dispersion of any people from their traditional homeland; esp., he dispersion of the Jews from Israel

diddle – eponym: originally (1806), “to cheat, swindle,” in a small-time way. Note: dic. etymologies neglect this point.

dielectric – a material that poorly conducts electricity; an insulator

diener – an assistant in a morgue, pathology lab, or other death-oriented facility [Creepy overtones. Think of Frankenstein’s Igor? German Leichendiener,

literally “corpse servant”.]

dieresis – the double-dot symbol when indicating a sound repetition, as in coöperation

diet – certain legislative assemblies (e.g., in Japan, in Holy Roman Empire)

digerati – those who have or claim expertise in computers, the internet, and the web

digital shoplifting – in a store, using a cameraphone to copy selected pages (e.g., a recipe) from a book or magazine

digraph – a pair of letters used to write one sound [ch and th in English spelling]. If vowels, see diphthong.

dingo – a wild dog, native to Australia

dinkum; fair dinkum; dinky-dye – Australian slang: honest, truthful, honorable

dint – n. force or effort; power: succeeded by dint of hard work; also, n. a dent; tr.v. to put a dent in

Dionysian – eponym: of an ecstatic, orgiastic, or irrational nature; frenzied or undisciplined
Dionysian woman ecstatic orgiastic irrational frenzied undisciplined

7 Zany mad  shouting vociferous woman skmclasses Bangalore

Short Story describing the word Dionysian is at
https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/dionysian-frenzied-undisciplined-irrational-woman/

diphthong – proper diphthong: two vowel sounds pronounced in one syllable: noise. Also improper diphthong: two vowels as one syllable, only one of them

being sounded; rain; people

dirge – (interesting etymology; see Archives)

dirigisme – state intervention and control of economic matters

discombobulate – to throw confusion

disingenuous – insincere or calculating; giving a false appearance of frankness. (Sometimes misused as a synonym for naive, the opposite, as if the dis-

prefix intensified the remainder rather than negate it.)

dismal – etymology: eventually tracing back to the concept of “unlucky days”: Latin dies “days” + mali “bad.” Through the Middle Ages, calendars marked two

days of each month as unlucky, supposedly based on the ancient calculations of Egyptian astrologers.

disposophobia – compulsive hoarding; the fear of throwing anything away

dissentient – dissenting, especially the majority’s view (noun: a dissenter)

distaff – of women

dithyramb – a wildly enthusiastic speech or writing (also: 1. a frenzied, impassioned choric hymn and dance of ancient Greece 2. an irregular poetic

expression)

dittany – toponym: an aromatic woolly plant of Crete, akin to oregano, formerly used medicinally. [after Mt. Dicte in Crete.]

dittography – a copyist’s unintentional repetition of letter(s) or word(s)

diurnal – 1. recurring every day (diurnal tasks; diurnal tides) 2. active chiefly in the daytime (diurnal animals), as opposed to nocturnal (compare

circadian; diurnal)

diva – a principal female singer; also, an extremely arrogant or temperamental woman

divagate (also here) – 1. to wander or drift about 2. to ramble; digress

Dives – eponym: a rich man

divvy van – Australian slang: police van, paddy wagon

docent – a lecturer or tour guide in a museum, cathedral, etc.; also, in some universities, a teacher or lecturer who is not a regular faculty member

Dogberry – eponym: an ignorant, self-important official

doggo – ‘lie doggo’ Brit. informal, dated: remain motionless and quiet to escape detection

Dogpatch – the prototype of the low-class, rural hick

doh – expressing frustration, realizing that things have turned out badly, or that one has just done something foolish [Homer Simpson is using word listed

in OED]

dolce far niente – pleasant idleness [Ital: ‘sweet doing nothing’]

dolce vita – a lifestyle of appreciating and savoring the pleasures of life

Dolly Varden – eponym: a colorful California species of trout or char (also, 1. cloth a large flower pattern, or a certain dress style made from that

fabric 2. a style of women’s hat, large and abundantly trimmed with flowers)

Don Juan – eponym: a seducer of women

dontopedalogy – putting one’s foot in one’s mouth

doolally – toponym; UK and India: dotty; eccentric; “nuts”

doozy – eponym: slang: something extraordinary or bizarre (thus, either positive or negative)

Dopey – Having or Revealing stupidity

oscitant-dopey-anserine

Short Story describing the meaning of the Word Dopey is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/dopey-having-or-revealing-stupidity/

Doppelganger – a ghostly double of a person, esp. of a living person. from Ger: doppel = double + Gänger = goer

 

3  doppelganger a ghostly double of a person esp. of a living person

Short Story describing the word Doppelganger is at https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/doppelganger-a-ghostly-double-of-a-person-especially-of-a-living-person/

Worried man

dorgi – coinage: a dog that is a cross between a corgi and a dachshunds

dorma – a long-necked Russian string instrument, like a lute, with a round body and three or four metal strings

dormant – heraldry: in a sleeping position. See rampant, guardant, saliant for other heraldic terms.

dormition – a falling asleep (and a euphemism for ‘death’)

dorp – a hamlet or village

doss – the price of a bed for a night

dotard – an old person, especially one who is weak or senile (in his dotage)

douane – a customhouse

double comparative – a construction like Your cooking is more tastier than my mother’s, intensifying an adjective/adverb that is already comparative.

Related: double superlative

double Dutch – incomprehensible talk

doubting Thomas – eponym: one who is habitually doubtful; one who insists on “seeing the evidence” (Note: this is not a term for simple hardheaded

skepticism. Rather, it implies that the demand for evidence is uncalled-for or extreme.)

douceur – a gift or service done or to be done; also, gentleness and sweetness in manner

doughty – brave and resolute, stouthearted

dowager – a widow of high social rank who has a title and property because of her marriage

Dowager widow who has title property because of her marriage

Short Story describing the word Dowager is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/dowager-a-widow-holding-property-received-from-her-deceased-husband/

doxy – 1. a female lover; a mistress 2. a sexually promiscuous woman [perhaps from obsolete Dutch docke, doll]
Doxy

 

Short Story describing the word Doxy is at https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/doxy-sexually-promiscuous-woman-a-mistress-a-female-lover/

True incidence of a Promiscuous woman is at https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/promiscuous-wife-rapes-father-in-law-in-absence-of-husband/

doyenne – a woman who is the eldest or senior member of a group. doyen – 1. the masc. equivalent of doyenne 2. the oldest example of a category

Dr. Fell – eponym: a senior person one dislikes, esp. a pedant [not in dictionaries]

drab (noun) – 1. a slattern (a dirty and untidy woman); or, a harlot; 2. later: a small or petty sum (of money)

Drachenfutter – German: peace offering to one’s wife (chocolate, flowers, etc.) when one has behaved badly. Literally “dragon fodder”

Drachenfutter - peace offering to ones wife

Short Story describing the word Drachenfutter is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/drachenfutter-peace-offering-to-ones-wife-to-quieten-her/

draconian – eponym: exceedingly harsh; very severe: a draconian legal code; draconian budget cuts. From Draco, politician who codified the laws of Athens (c. 621). Lauded for its impartiality, his code was unpopular for its severity.

Draconine – Dragon- Draconine

Draconine Woman bad woman who has nature and Behavior as Dragon

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Draconine is at
https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/draconine-woman-dragon-draconine/

Draculin – the anticoagulant factor in vampire bat saliva. (Someone had a sense of humor in naming this!)

Dragoon – 1. to subjugate or persecute by imposition of troops 2. to compel by violent measures or threats; coerce

Draisine – eponym: the earliest kind of bicycle

Dramatis personae – the characters in a drama or play

Dramaturg; dramaturge – a kind of theater consultant; a person knowledgeable in theatrical history, theory, and practice, who helps a director, designer, playwright or actor realize their intentions in a production

Drawcansir – eponym: one source: “one who kills or injures both friend and foe”. Another: “a blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart”.

Dray – a cart used to carry barrels

Drib (verb) – to fall in drops; to dribble; later, noun: a drop, a petty or inconsiderable quantity

Dribs and drabs (“in d~ and d~”) – in small and intermittent sums or amounts”, but you rarely hear separately of a drib or a drab.

Drogulus – something the presence of which cannot be verified, usually a disembodied being, because it has no physical effects [coined by A.J.Ayer]

Droke – a valley with steep sides, sometimes wooded and with a stream

Drongo – Australian slang: a really dumb dude

Drop catching – snagging domain names that owners have let expire, either accidentally or because no longer wanted

drumlin – an elongated hill, often tear-shaped, formed by moving glacier-ice

dryasdust – eponym: a dull, pedantic speaker or writer

dual-use technology – technology that can be used for both peaceful and military purposes (usually, production of nuclear weapons)

ductile – of a metal: capable of being stretched out into thin wire; contrast malleable

duende – a performer’s fiery intensity that sweeps away the audience

duff, up the – Australian slang: pregnant

dumbbell – (for exercise): bizarre etymology, from a pun by Joseph Addison in 1711?

dumbledore – 1. a bumblebee 2. the name of the headmaster of Hogwarts School in the Harry Potter series of novels

dump ­– see holey dollar

dun – dull grayish brown (also, a horse of this color)

dundrearies – eponym: long, flowing sideburns

dungavenhooter – a mythical, comical monster, common to the US logging regions.

dunghill cock – a man who is not ‘game’; a coward or spiritless fellow

dunny – Australian slang: toilet

dupe – to deceive or swindle; a person who is easily duped [bizarre etymology: from a bird!]

duplex – an apartment of two floors connected by a staircase; or, a house with two units sharing a common wall

dura mater – the outermost membrane (of three) enveloping the brain and spinal cord

Dutch auction – an auction in which an item is initially offered at a high price that is progressively lowered until a bid is made and the item sold

Dutch comfort – cold comfort (as in the ‘comforting’ reflection, “After all, it could be worse”)

Dutch courage – courage acquired from drinking liquor

Dutch defense – surrender

Dutch reckoning – a bill given as a flat amount due, without details or breakdown [that is, no reckoning at all]

Dutch treat – an outing, as for dinner or a movie, in which each person pays his or her own expenses

Dutch uncle – a counselor who admonishes frankly and sternly

Dutch widow – a prostitute [per dictionaries; but may have changed to mean “Dutch wife”]

Dutch wife – dictionary politely says “a firm bolster used in bed to support the upper knee while somebody is sleeping on his or her side.” [Why called a

“wife”? Note that a pillow “to support the upper knee” would be placed between the legs.]

dwy – an eddy, flurry; squall

dyspeptic – having a bad digestion; also, irritable, morose, gloomy. contrast eupeptic

dyspnea – difficulty in breathing

dystopia – an imagined world in which life is extremely bad (an anti-utopia); also, a work describing such a place or state: dystopias such as “Brave New

World”

dystrophy – a condition caused by faulty nutrition

dabchick small grebe
daboya large Indian viper
dacnomania obsession with killing
dacoitage robbery by gang or mob
dacryops wateriness of the eyes
dactylioglyph engraver of rings or of gems
dactyliology study of rings
dactyliomancy divination by means of a finger
dactylogram fingerprint
dactylography the study of fingerprints
dactyloid like or resembling a finger
dactylology study of sign language
dactylomancy divination using rings
dactylomegaly condition of having abnormally large digits
dactylonomy counting using the fingers and toes
dactyloscopy comparing fingerprints for purpose of identification
dado large wooden moulding along bottom of wall
daedal formed with art; displaying inventive skill
daedalist aviator; pilot
dag dirty tatted tuft of sheep’s wool
dageraad brightly coloured South African fish
dal a dried legume, such as lentils, beans or peas
dalmatic ecclesiastical robe or other outer vestment
dalton unit of atomic mass
damascene decorate or engrave metal with wavy lines and patterns
damask fine lustrous fabric with flat patterns and a satin weave
damine having antlers like a fallow deer
dammar hard resin used in making varnish
damnification causation of injury or loss
damoiseau male form of damsel; a young man not yet dubbed a knight
damson dark brownish purple
dancetté deeply indented
danism lending money on usury
dap to dip gently into water; to fish with a surface fly
dapatical lavish; sumptuous; costly
daphnomancy divination using a laurel
dapifer one who brings meat to the table
dapocaginous mean-spirited; heartless
darbies handcuffs
darby large trowel for levelling concrete or plaster
darcy unit of permeability of rock to various substances
darkle to grow or make dark
darraign to vindicate; to justify or prove
dash non-specific very small unit of measurement used in cooking
dashpot shock absorber

dastard – 1. a malicious coward: “I wish I knew who the dastard was that betrayed us.” Approximately 1440; probably formed from Middle English, ‘dast’:

dazed, past participle of ‘dasen’: to daze + the suffix ‘-ard.’

dasypeltis small African egg-eating snake
dasyphyllous having crowded, thick or woolly leaves
dasypoedes types of birds having downy-feathered young
dasyure flesh-eating marsupial
datary papal officer who registers and dates bulls and edicts
dation act of giving, conferring or donating
dative indicating indirect object of a verb
davenport small ornamental writing desk; large sofa
davit device for hoisting and lowering a boat
daw simpleton; bird of the crow family
deaconing act of putting best looking goods on top of pile
deadeye rounded wooden block with hole used to set up ship’s stays
deadhouse mortuary
deadstock farm equipment
deadwood timbers built into ends of ship when too narrow to permit framing
dealate insect divested of its wings
dealbation whitening; bleaching
deambulatory place for walking around or about in
dearticulate to disjoint
deasil sunwise motion
debarrass to disembarrass; disentangle; free
debel to conquer in war
debellate to conquer or overcome through battle
debouch to issue or emerge; to flow from a confined place
debouchure mouth of a river or strait
debridement the removal of foreign matter from a wound
decadarchy government by ten individuals; decarchy
decadist author who writes works in ten parts
decalcomania process of transferring a design onto a surface using specially prepared paper
decalescence point in heating metal where it appears to cool
decalogist exponent of rules such as the Ten Commandments
decalvant removing hair; depilatory
decamerous having parts in tens
decanal located on south side of the choir in a church
decanal of, like or pertaining to a dean or deacon
decantate to chant or say repeatedly
decarchy government by ten individuals
decare 1000 square metres
decarnate denied or deprived of physical bodily form
decastich ten-line poem
decatise to uncurl through the use of steam or moisture
decaudate to cut off the tail of
decelerometer instrument for measuring deceleration
decennoval of, like or pertaining to the number nineteen
decession departure
decimestrial lasting ten months
deckle ragged edge of paper
declassé below one’s social class
declinometer instrument for measuring magnetic declination
declivity place that slopes downwards; inclination downwards
decoct to prepare or extract by boiling; to devise
decollate to behead; to disorganize
decomplex repeatedly compound
decorticate to remove the bark, husk or peel of
decoupage the application of paper cutouts to wood surfaces
decrassify to make less crass or boorish
decrement a gradual decrease in quantity or quality
decrepitate to crackle; to roast so as to cause to crackle
decrescent becoming gradually less
decretal of, like or pertaining to a decree
decretal papal decree deciding a point of church law
decrudescence diminution or reduction of a disease
decuman principle; large; primary
decumbent lying down; reclining on the ground
decumbiture the time spent by an invalid in bed
decurrent extending or running downwards
decurtate to curtail, shorten or abbreviate
decussate to divide in the form of an X; to cross or intersect
dedans spectators at a court tennis match
dedition surrender; capitulation
deductivism belief in the superiority of deduction over induction
deek look at; see
deemster judge on the Isle of Man
defalcate to embezzle money held on trust
defeasible that may be annulled
defenestration throwing a person or object out a window
deferrise to remove iron from
defervescence abatement of heat; coolness; decrease of fever
defilade to arrange fortifications against frontal attack
defiliation depriving a parent of a child
definiens word or words used in a dictionary definition
deflexure deviation
deflocculate to break down into small pieces
defluent running down; decurrent
defluvium falling of hair
dégagé at rest; untroubled; at ease
deglutinate to unglue or unstick
deglutition the power or act of swallowing
degression gradual decrease; reduction in taxes
dégringolade rapid decline or decay; downfall
degu rat-like rodent of South America
degustation eating in a series of small portions
dehisce to gape; to burst open
dehors outside of
dehort to dissuade
deicide destruction or killing of a god
deictic directly demonstrating something or some proposition
deiform appearing like or shaped like a god
deiparous bearing a god
deipnosophy learned dinner-conversation
deipotent having godlike power
deism belief in God but rejection of religion
deixis relating to time and place of a linguistic utterance
delactation weaning
delaine light fabric of wool or mixed wool and cotton
delaminate to split into layers
delate to pass on; to charge with a crime
delative indicating motion downward
delectus anthology of useful passages or quotations
delenda things to be deleted or destroyed

delf drain; ditch; excavation
delibate to sip
deligation bandaging
delignate to remove wood from; to deprive of wood
deliquesce to melt into liquid by absorbing moisture
deliration madness; aberration
delirifacient producing or creating delirium
delitescent latent
deloo north African antelope
delope to fire one’s gun into the air in a duel
delphically enigmatically; obscurely
delphine pertaining to the Dauphin of France
delphinine of, like or pertaining to dolphins
deltiology the collection and study of picture postcards
deltoid shaped like a delta or triangle
delubrum a font, a temple or shrine having a font


Demagogue political agitator appealing to popular prejudices

Demagogue SKMClasses Bangalore

Short Story describing the meaning of the word Demagogue is at

https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/demagogue-rabblerouser/


démarche decisive course of action taken in diplomacy
demarchy government by the people; popular government
demegoric of, like or pertaining to demagogues or demagogic speech
démenti official denial or refusal
demephitise to purify air
demerge to immerse; to plunge
demersal subaqueous; living underwater; sinking to the bottom
demesne feudal manor-house with adjacent lands
demicastor beaver pelt of poor quality; beaver fur mixed with another type of fur
demigration change of abode
demijohn large bottle having a wicker case
demisang half-breed; hybrid
demiurge creative spirit or entity
demogenic of, like or pertaining to membership by citizenship rather than kinship


Demology study of human behaviour

Short Story describing the meaning of the word demology is at
https://nicewemen.wordpress.com/demology-study-of-human-behaviour/

demology study of human behaviour


demonarchy government by a demon
demonetise to deprive of monetary value; to withdraw from circulation
demonocracy government by demons or evil forces
demonography study and description of demons
demonolatry worship of or devotion to demons
demonology study of demons
demonomancy divination using demons
demonomania pathological belief that one is possessed by demons
demonosopher one who is inspired by a demon or devil
demonym name for a resident of a place
demotic of, like or pertaining to the common people
demulcent emulsifier; something soothing
demurrage delay of vessel’s departure or loading with cargo
denary one of ten; tenfold; of, like or pertaining to group of ten
dendriform shaped like a tree
dendritiform branched
dendrochronology study of tree rings
dendroid tree-like; resembling a tree
dendrolatry worship of trees
dendrology study of trees
dendrometer instrument for measuring trees
dendrophilous fond of trees
denehole vertical shaft having chambers at the base
denier unit of yarn fineness
dennet light two-wheeled carriage
densimeter instrument for measuring closeness of grain of a substance
densitometer instrument for measuring optical or photographic density
dentagra toothache
dentellated having small notches or teeth
dentelle lace; lacework
denticle small toothlike structure
dentiform shaped like a tooth
dentigerous toothed; bearing teeth
dentiloquent speaking with clenched teeth
dentine ivory-like material making up teeth
dentiologist one who speaks with closed teeth
dentirostral with notched beak
deobstruent something that removes an obstacle
deodate a gift to or from God
deonerate to disburden
deontic of or relating to duty or obligation
deontology the theory or study of moral obligation
deoppilate to free from obstruction
deordination abnormality or irregularity
deorsumversion turning downwards


Deosculate –  to kiss affectionately

deosculate to kiss affectionately


depascent eating
depaysé out of one’s element or natural environment
depeculation embezzlement of public funds
deponent having a passive form but active meaning
depotentiate to deprive or divest of power
deprehend to catch; to seize
depurate to purify
deracinate to root up
deray to go wild; to derange
deric of, like or pertaining to the skin
dermatoglyphics the study of skin patterns and fingerprints
dermatoid like or resembling skin
dermatology study of skin
dermographia condition where writing on skin causes red mark to form
derodidymus two-headed beast
derrick hoisting mechanism using a boom and a central post
desacralise to deprive or remove sacred qualities
descriptivism doctrine that moral judgements are equivalent to descriptive judgements
descrive to describe
desideratum something which is greatly desired
desiderium longing or yearning
desinent terminal; ending
desipient playing the fool; trifling
desman large European muskrat
desmology study of ligaments
désobligeante carriage for one passenger
despoliation despoiling; despoilment
despotocracy government by despots or tyrants
despumate to throw off impurities in foam; to skim; to remove scum
desquamate to scale or flake off
desudation extreme sweating
desuetude state of disuse
desultory jumping from one thing to another; rambling; unplanned
detersion the act of cleaning
detinue wrongful seizure of property; action to recover it
detort to untwist; to twist the other way
détraqué a person who is deranged
detritivore animal that eats decomposing organic matter
detritus waste or debris
detrude to thrust downward or outward
detumescence diminution of swelling
deuteragonist a person who serves as a foil to another
deuterogamy second marriage after the death of the first wife
deuteropathy second illness in addition to an initial one
deuteroscopy second view or meaning; second sight
devall to sink; to decline
devisee one to whom property is bequeathed in a will
devoir what is due; duty
dewlap turkey’s wattle; flap of skin under the throat
dexiotropic turning to the right
dexter relating to the right side of a heraldic shield
dexter towards the right side
dextroduction shifting the eyes from left to right
dextrogyratory turning to the right
dhole wild Indian dog
diable unglazed earthenware casserole
diablerie magic; sorcery; mischief
diabolocracy government by the Devil
diabology study of devils
diabrotic corrosive
diacatholicon panacea
diachoretic laxative
diaclastic refractory
diaconal of, like or pertaining to a deacon
diaconicon sacristy for sacred vessels in Orthodox churches
diacope deep wound or incision
diacope rhetorical separation of a compound word by a third word; tmesis
diacoustic of, like or pertaining to the refraction of sound
diacritic making a distinction; aiding a diagnosis or evaluation
diactinal having two pointed ends
diadermic of, like or pertaining to the puncturing of the skin
diadrom course or passing; vibration
diaeresis two dots placed over a vowel to indicate a syllable break (naïve)
diagenesis production of rock out of sediment
diaglyph figure etched or engraved in surface of gem or stone; intaglio
diagometer instrument for measuring electrical conductivity
diagraph instrument for enlarging or projecting drawings
diagraphics art of making diagrams or drawings
dialectology study of dialects
diallage device in which many arguments brought upon one point
diallelus circular argument
dialogism rhetorical discussion in form of an imaginary dialogue
diamanté glittering; decoration using glitter
diamantiferous bearing diamonds
dianoetic capable of, like or pertaining to thought
diaphanometer instrument for measuring the transparency of air
diaphanous transparent; translucent
diaphone low-pitched fog signal consisting of two tones
diaphoresis artificially induced sweat
diaporesis rhetorical expression of uncertainty of which of two options to adopt
diapyesis release or discharge of pus
diarchy government by two people
diaskeuast reviser; interpolator
diaspora dispersion
diastema space between teeth
diastomatic moving through the pores
diastrophe upheaval or drastic modification of the earth’s crust
diasyrm rhetorical device of condemning through faint praise
diatessaron medicine of four ingredients
diathermic permeable to or able to conduct radiant heat
diathesis particular condition of body or mind; predisposing factor
diatyposis rhetorically vivid and clear description of a subject
diaulos ancient Greek double flute
dibatag Somalian antelope with recurved horns
dibble pointed tool for making holes for seeds or plants
dicacity raillery; banter
dicaeology defending oneself in argument by claiming justification
dicephalous two-headed
dicephalus conjoined twins with two heads
dicerous two-horned; having two antennae
dichogamous having males and females maturing at different rates
dichord musical instrument with two strings
dichroscope instrument for examining crystals for dichroism
didact a person given to lecturing or moralizing
didapper someone who disappears and bobs up again
didascalic didactic; pertaining to education or teaching
diddicoy itinerant tinker or scrap-dealer
didelphine of, like or pertaining to opossums
didelphous marsupial or pouched mammal
didgeridoo Australian aboriginal instrument consisting of a long wood or bamboo tube
didine of, like or pertaining to dodos
didymous twin; twinned; growing in pairs
diectasis extending line of verse by adding extra syllable
diegesis the narration of facts
diesis double dagger sign
diestrus period of sexual inactivity
diffarreation Roman form of divorce
differentia property which distinguishes one from another
diffident overly shy or modest
diffinity lack of similarity or affinity
diffluent readily flowing away
diffract to break up into segments or portions
diffractometer instrument for determining structure of crystal through light diffraction
diffrangible capable of being diffracted or separated
diffugient dispersing; diffusing
dight disposed, adorned, clothed
digitate having or resembling fingers
digitiform shaped like a finger
digitigrade walking on the toes alone
digitorium silent piano for practicing
digladiate to fight with swords; to fence
digonal figure such that a half-turn gives the same figure
digoneutic double brooded
digraph two letters expressing a single sound
dijudicate to judge; to decide
dik-dik small east African antelope
dilacerate to rend or tear asunder
dilaniate to tear to pieces
dilatometer instrument for measuring expansion
dilatory slow; given to delay or procrastination
dilettante dabbler or lover of fine arts
dilogical ambiguous; having two meanings
dilogy intentional ambiguousness
dilruba Indian stringed instrument like a small sitar
diluent diluting
diluvial of, like or pertaining to floods; especially mythical ones
dimerous consisting of two parts
dimidiate divided into halves
dimissory sending away or giving leave to depart; dismissing
dimity sheer and stout white cotton
dinanderie bronze-coloured metal alloy used for decorative vessels
dinarchy government by two people; diarchy
dinic of, like or pertaining to vertigo or dizziness
dinomania mania for dancing
dinumeration numbering of rhetorical points one by one
dioecious having male and female sexual organs in different individuals
diogenic cynical
dionym name containing two parts or terms
dioptometer instrument for measuring focus or refraction of the eyes
dioptre unit of measurement of power of lens or eye
dioptric transparent
dioptrics study of light refraction
diorism distinction; definition
diorthosis a critical revision of a text; any correction or adjustment
diotic affecting both ears
diphyletic descended from two distinct ancestral groups
diphyodont having second set of teeth that replaces the first
diphysitism belief in the dual nature of Christ
diple mark in margin of text to indicate rejected verses or new paragraph
dipleidoscope instrument for measuring moment when an object passes a meridian
diplocephalus two-headed monster
diplogenesis doubling of ordinarily single organ or part
diplograph instrument for writing two lines of text at once
diplomatics science of deciphering ancient writings and texts
diplomatology study of diplomats
diplopia double vision
dipnoous having both lungs and gills
dippydro person who often changes mind
diprionidian serrated on both sides
diprotodon gigantic prehistoric marsupial with two incisors in lower jaw
dipsetic causing to be thirsty
dipsomania abnormal craving for alcohol
dipsosis pathological great thirst
diptote noun taking two grammatical cases only
diptych pair of pictures on hinged panels; register of bishops and saints
diremption separation into two; disjunction
dirigent guiding
dirigible able to be directed
dirigism state control in economic and social spheres
diriment condition of legal nullification
disafforest to clear of forest; to disforest
disagio fee charged for exchanging foreign or depreciated currency
disbosom to make known; to reveal
discalced without shoes; barefoot; a religious order wearing no shoes
discarnate disembodied; separated from the body
discept to dispute; to debate
discerptible able to be separated
disciform round or oval in shape
discigerous bearing a disc or discus
discinct ungirded
discission open incision or cut
discobolus discus thrower
discography catalogue or listing of musical recordings
discomania obsession for disco music
discombobulate to disconcert; to upset
discommodious inconvenient
discophile one who loves and studies sound recordings
discophoran of, like or pertaining to jellyfishes
discountenance to abash; to discourage
disculpate to free from blame
disembogue to discharge or eject into the sea
disembrangle to free from dispute
diseuse female orator or reciter of verse
disgarnish to despoil
disgeneric being of a different genus
disgregation separation; scattering
disillude to free from illusion

Illusion explained
disimmure to liberate; to release from walls
disinure to render unfamiliar
disjection scattering or dispersion
disomus monster with two bodies
disorbed deprived of authority or sovereignty
dispendious extravagant; expensive
dispiteous pitiless; malicious
dispone to set in order; dispose
disponge to sprinkle or discharge as if from a sponge


disport to play about, frolic or gambol

disport to play about frolic or gambol


dispread to spread in different ways
dispurvey to deprive of provisions
disquisition carefully argued examination of a topic
disseize to seize or deprive of property wrongfully
dissentient one who dissents; dissenter
dissepiment partition or separation of tissue
dissilient springing apart; bursting open with force
dissimulate to pretend; to feign; to fake
dissolute of loose morals; debauched
distaff of, like or pertaining to the female branch of a family or women’s work
distichous in or having two rows
distraint seizure of goods
distrait distracted; inattentive
distributary branch of river that flows away from the main stream
distributive indicating separate members of a group, one at a time
dit poem; words of a song
ditheism belief in two equal gods, one good and one evil
ditheletism doctrine that Christ had two wills
dithyrambic passionate; ecstatic; frenzied
ditokous producing two at a birth or in a clutch
ditrichotomous divided into either two or three parts
dittography unintentional repetition of letters in print
dittology double reading or interpretation
diurnation hibernating or sleeping during daylight
diutiurnal lasting long
divagate to digress; wander about
divaricate to divide into two branches
divellent drawing apart; pulling apart in pieces
diversiloquent speaking in different ways; speaking on different subjects
diverticulum blind passage or tunnel
divisim separately
divulsion act of pulling or rendering apart or away
dixit individual’s uncorroborated statement


dizen to dress up; to dress gaudily

dizen to dress gaudily


dobbin workhorse
dobhash interpreter
dobsonfly soft-bodied insect with large mandibles
docimasy scrutiny; assaying; application of tests
docimology the art of assaying
doctiloquent speaking learnedly
doddered decayed with loss of branches
dodecafid divisible into twelve parts or regions
dodecarchy government by twelve people
dodger shield against rain or spray on a ship’s bridge
dodoism stupid remark
dogcart light two-wheeled carriage with seats back-to-back
dogwatch a short, evening period of watch duty on a ship
doit a trifle or minor thing
dol unit for measuring intensity of pain
dolabrate of, like or pertaining to axes or hatchets
dolabriform resembling a hatchet or cleaver
dolee one who receives a government benefit, especially unemployment benefits
dolent mourning; doleful
dolichocephalic long-headed
dolichopodous having long feet
dolioform shaped like a barrel
dolmen prehistoric structure or tomb of unhewn stones
doloriferous bearing grief or pain
dolorific causing great sadness or sorrow
dolose having evil or malicious intent
domal of, like or pertaining to a house or dome
domett plain cotton-wool blend
dominicide killing or killer of one’s master
dompteuse female animal trainer
donary thing given for a sacred purpose
donative benefice presented to church without reference to bishop
donné basic assumption or axiom; basic principle of an artwork
donnism self-importance
donnybrook an uproarious brawl
dontopedalogy putting one’s foot in one’s mouth
doomster judge; pessimist
dop copper cup for holding a diamond while cutting it
doppio double meter Renaissance dance step
doramania obsession with owning furs
doria striped cotton muslin
dormer gabled window
dormition falling asleep; death
dornick stout linen
doromania obsession with giving gifts
dorsad towards the back
dorsiventral having differentiated opposite faces or surfaces
doryphorus sculpture of a spear-bearer
dos-a-dos carriage where passengers seated back to back
dosimeter instrument for measuring dose of radiation
dosimetry measurement of doses of drugs
dosiology the study of doses
dossal ornamental cloth hung behind and above an altar
dossil plug; spigot; wad of lint for wiping a wound
dotation endowment or donation
douanier customs official
doublette copy of own artwork made by an artist


douc southern Chinese monkey

douc southern Chinese monkey


doucet savory tart baked in sweet dough
douceur gentleness or sweetness; a subtly offered bribe
doulocracy government by slaves


douroucouli small South American nocturnal monkey

douroucouli small South American nocturnal monkey


dowitcher long-billed North American wading bird
dowlas coarse linen
downhaul rope for holding down or hauling down a sail or spar
doxastic of, like or pertaining to opinion
doxographer compiler of opinions of philosophers
doxology hymn or verse of praise to God
drabbet coarse linen
drabble to besmear; bedraggle
draconiform shaped like a dragon
draconites jewel supposedly found inside a dragon’s head
draffish worthless
drageoir box for holding sweetmeats
dragoman interpreter
dragonism unremitting watchfulness
dragonnade persecution by military means
dragoon to compel by military bullying; to compel by force
drail iron bow of a plough; heavy fishhook
dramaturgy art of producing and staging dramatic works
drap-de-Berry old woollen cloth
drapetomania intense desire to run away from home
dreadnought heavy woollen cloth
dreamery a place favourable to dreams
dree to endure or withstand
dreikanter three-faced pebble worn by wind
drepaniform shaped like a sickle
drepanoid like a sickle
drill durable twilled cotton
dripstone stone projection used to dispose of rainwater
dririmancy divination by observing dripping blood
droguet ribbed woollen dress fabric
drogulus entity whose existence is unverifiable due to lack of physical effects
drollery drollness; comic show; jest
dromestoners persons who remove stones from temporary airfields
dromic of, like or pertaining to a racecourse
dromomania compulsive longing for travel
dromometer instrument for measuring speed
dromond large single-sailed ship powered by rowers
dromophobia fear of crossing streets
droskhy low four-wheeled open carriage
drosometer instrument for measuring dew
drugget coarse durable wool fabric
drumlin long hill formed by glacial retreat
drung narrow road or path to a pasture
drupaceous of, like or pertaining to drupes or stone-fruits
druxy having decayed spots concealed by healthy wood
drygulch to murder by pushing off a cliff
drysalter seller of dry goods and chemicals
duarchy government by two people; diarchy
duarf fictitious nineteen-toed fish of Erewhon
dubiety doubtfulness
dubitate to doubt; to hesitate
dubitative mood signifying doubt or incertitude
ducape plain-woven stout silk fabric
ducdame meaningless refrain
duck durable closely woven cotton fabric
duck amphibious military truck
ductia vigorous stamping dance
dudgeon resentment; offended resignation
duende power to attract through personal charm
duenna governess; chaperone
duffel fabric of thick, low-quality woolen cloth
dugong aquatic herbivorous mammal like the manatee
duiker small African antelope
dulcian a small early bassoon
dulcifluous flowing sweetly
dulciloquent speaking sweetly
dulia inferior veneration of saints and angels in comparison with God
dulocracy government by slaves; doulocracy
dulosis slavery practiced by animals; especially ants
dumose bushy
dump obsolete English dance in 4/4 time
dun dull greyish brown
duncical stupid; dim-witted
dungaree heavy coarse durable twilled cotton, usually coloured
duniwassal a Scottish gentleman
dunnage wood laid in hold to keep cargo dry and safe
dunnart mouse-like marsupial with pointed snout
duodenary of, like or pertaining to the number twelve
duomachy duel or fight between two people
dupion coarse silk
duramen heartwood
durance stout heavy wool-based fabric
durante during
durative continuing; not completed; undergoing transformation
dure to last; to endure
durity hardness
durometer instrument for measuring hardness of substances
duroy coarse woollen
duteous devoted to duty; obedient
duumvirate governing council or body of two individuals
duvetyn smooth lustrous velvety fabric
dwale stupefying drink
dwile floorcloth or mop
dyarchy government by two people; diarchy
dynamogenesis production of increased nerve activity
dynamograph instrument for recording mechanical forces
dynamometer instrument for measuring mechanical force
dyne unit of force to accelerate 1 gram to 1 cm per second per second
dyogram ship’s chart indicating compass deflection due to ship’s iron
dyphone double lute with fifty strings
dysaesthesia loss of sensation
dysania having a hard time waking up in the morning

dysbulia loss of willpower
dysbulia loss of willpower

20 weightloss by clicking of mouse skmclasses


dyschroa discoloration of the skin
dyschromatopic colour-blind
dysgenesis sterility in hybrid creatures
dysgenics the study of racial degeneration
dyslogia inability to express ideas due to mental incompetence
dyslogistic conveying censure; opprobrious
dysmorphophobia fear of physical deformities
dysphagia pathological difficulty in swallowing
dysphemism replacement of an inoffensive by an offensive word
dysphonia physical abnormality causing speech impediment
dysphoria uneasiness; restlessness; general depression
dystectic not easily fused
dysteleology study of purposeless organs; doctrine of purposelessness
dystocia difficult childbirth
dystopia place where all is as bad as possible
dziggetai Mongolian wild ass

debauch – Debauch is an old word that speaks to an older time. It means to destroy the morals of someone. If you debauch a young girl, you introduce her to immoral activities. A debauch is also an excessive amount of eating or drinking.

To understand debauch, you have to understand a context in which women were considered pure because they were virgins and also because they were generally innocent. Men—often the kind whose lives were spent in a debauch of eating, drinking, using bad language, smoking, etc.—would debauch these women, ruining them for all time, in a bout of debauchery.

decry – (v.) to criticize openly (The kind video rental clerk decried the policy of charging customers late fees.)

defile – (v.) to make unclean, impure (She defiled the calm of the religious building by playing her banjo.)

deleterious – (adj.) harmful (She experienced the deleterious effects of running a marathon without stretching her muscles enough beforehand.). harmful to body or mind

Deleterious – “deleterious chemical additives”

deleterious harmful to body or mind

Demure – (adj.) quiet, modest, reserved (Though everyone else at the party was dancing and going crazy, she remained demure.)

demure quiet modest reserved

denigrate – To denigrate is to say bad things — true or false — about a person or thing. Your reputation as a math whiz might be hurt if your jealous classmate manages

to denigrate you, even though the accusations are unfounded.

The verb denigrate comes from the Latin word denigrare, which means “to blacken.” To sully or defame someone’s reputation, or to spread negative or hurtful information about a company or a situation, is to denigrate it. Your neighbors may denigrate your proposal for mandatory recycling in an attempt to stop your plan. Denigrate can also mean that you’re making something seem less important, like when your brother tries to denigrate your athletic achievements.

deprecate – (v.) to belittle, depreciate (Always over-modest, he deprecated his contribution to the local charity.)

deride – (v.) to laugh at mockingly, scorn (The bullies derided the foreign student’s accent.)

Deride – “He derided his student’s attempt to solve the biggest problem in mathematics”

deride to laugh at mockingly scorn

desecrate
(v.) to violate the sacredness of a thing or place (They feared that the construction of a golf course would desecrate the preserved wilderness.)

desiccated
(adj.) dried up, dehydrated (The skin of the desiccated mummy looked like old paper.)

despot –

A despot, is a cruel, all-controlling ruler. For example, a despot does not allow people to speak out against the leadership, nor really want them to have

much freedom at all.

The word despot came into English in the sixteenth century from Old French, but it traces all the way back to the Greek word despotes, meaning “master of a

household, lord, absolute ruler.” The word is often used to describe someone who abuses power and oppresses others. Obviously, it’s not a nice thing to

call someone, especially within earshot of the despot who has absolute power over you.

diaphanous
(adj.) light, airy, transparent (Sunlight poured in through the diaphanous curtains, brightening the room.)
If a dress is so see-through that light shines through it revealing the goods beneath, it’s diaphanous. Also known as “sheer,” “transparent,” or just plain

“sexy,” but diaphanous is so much classier.

If you want a classic example of diaphanous clothing check out all those nineteenth century Romantic paintings of voluptuous Goddesses clad in clearly

insufficient lightweight gowns flouncing around in the middle of forests at night or storm-tossed fields. Those gowns are diaphanous all right, but because

it’s a classical allusion there’s obviously nothing naughty about it. From the ancient Greek word diaphanes, meaning “transparent” — a style the Greeks

were much in favor of.

didactic –

When people are didactic, they’re teaching or instructing. This word is often used negatively for when someone is acting too much like a teacher.

When you’re didactic, you’re trying to teach something. Just about everything teachers do is didactic: the same is true of coaches and mentors. Didactic is

often used in a negative way. If you heard that a movie is overly didactic, that’s probably not good. Most people want to see a story and be entertained

when going to the movies, and if it feels like the movie is just telling you what to think, that’s didactic in a bad way.
designed or intended to teach people something. used to describe someone or something that tries to teach something (such as proper or moral behavior) in a

way that is annoying or unwanted. Designed or intended to teach. Intended to convey instruction and information as well as pleasure and entertainment.

the poet’s works became increasingly didactic after his religious conversion. Slaves related human as well as animal trickster tales; they told Bible

stories, explanatory tales, moralistic and didactic tales, supernatural tales and legends.

Greek didaktikos, from didaskein to teach.

Synonyms
sermonic, homiletic (or homiletical), moralistic, moralizing, preachy, sententious

Diffident – (adj.) shy, quiet, modest (While eating dinner with the adults, the diffident youth did not speak for fear of seeming presumptuous.)

diffident overly shy or modest

dirge –

A dirge is a song of mourning, performed as a memorial to someone who’s died. As you might imagine, a dirge is usually quite sad. Another word with a

similar meaning that you might know is “requiem.”

The noun dirge comes from the Latin dirige, which means “direct,” and is the beginning of a prayer that translates as “Direct my way in your sight, O Lord

my God.” Dirge can still have a religious meaning, but it can also be any sad and mournful song, poem, or hymn composed or performed in memory of someone

who has died. You can also say that something mournful sounds like a dirge, using the word in a more poetic sense.

disaffected –

The adjective disaffected describes someone who is dissatisfied or rebellious. Usually if you’re disaffected, you’re upset with people in authority. You

and your fellow disaffected workers might become so upset about the lack of raises that you decided to boycott work.

You might have heard the term “disaffected youth,” which refers to young people rebelling against some aspect of society. For example, disaffected youth

might fight against their lack of political freedom. Disaffected can also be used to describe things rather than people, like the disaffected lyrics in a

song or the disaffected mood of a poem describing an unhappy or bitter state of mind. The word disaffected comes from disaffect, meaning “estranged, hostile.”

discursive
(adj.) rambling, lacking order (The professor’s discursive lectures seemed to be about every subject except the one initially described.)

dissemble – (v.) to conceal, fake (Not wanting to appear heartlessly greedy, she dissembled and hid her intention to sell her ailing father’s stamp collection.)

dither – (v.) to be indecisive (Not wanting to offend either friend, he dithered about which of the two birthday parties he should attend.)

dour – Dour describes something sullen, gloomy, or persistent. You might look dour on your way to picking up your last check from the job you just got fired from, and people should get out of your way.

Dour and endure most likely come from the Latin word durus which means “hard.” If something is hard to endure for a long enough time, it can make even the most happy-go-lucky person dour. Dour sounds like sour (or closer to “do-er”). It’s a tomato/tamahto word, but either way — if you’re in a sour mood, you have no sense of humor, and you’re dour.

Dour describes something sullen gloomy persistent

duress – Let’s hope you’re never denied food and sleep and forced to sign a confession, but if you are, that’s called being under duress. Threats and harsh treatment meant to make you do something you don’t want to do is duress.

The word duress came into English through French, with origins in the Latin word duritia, which means “hardness.” First used to describe harsh or cruel treatment, duress soon took on the additional meaning of forcing someone to do something, usually through threats. Duress is typically used with the word under, as in a suspect who only signs a confession because he is under duress.

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